Breckenridge American (Breckenridge, Tex.), Vol. 34, No. 45, Ed. 1 Friday, March 5, 1954 Page: 1 of 6
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First Try To
Biy It Here
UNITED PRESS Wire Service
Devoted To Home Town News and Building Breckenridge and Stephens County
Partly cloudy through Saturday.
Not much change in temperatures.
Low tonight 26, low this morning
30, high yesterday 37.
NEA Feature Service
VOL. 34 NO. 45
BRECKENRIDGE, TEXAS —FRIDAY, MARCH 5, 1954
PRICE 5 CENTS PER COP*
NEW SEAT—New pilot-ejection seat developed by Republic Aviation Corp. is tested at Farmingdale,
Long Island. New seat automatically unhooks pilot's safety belt at peak of arc allowing him to fall
free from seat. Composite photo, taken with high-speed sequence camera, shows dummy, a stand-in for
pilot, being somersaulted out of seat and filially falling free. (NEA Telephoto)
Couple* 70. Are
Heroes In Fire;
Jump 3 Stories
OLATHE, Kan., March 5 'UP—
An old married couple were the
heroes Friday of Several apart-
ment house dwellers who cscaped
only because they were alerted
when a <75,000 fire destroyed the
building they lived in Thursday
Mr. and. Mrs. C. E. Todd, bot'u
about 70, remained in the blazing
structure, wh«h they itwnfd, until
all of tlie tenants were out safely.
Then the couple had to leap from
the third floor to the roof of an
adjoining building to escape the
Both were hospitalized with in-
juries. Mrs. Todd suffered a frac-
tured ankle and her husband se-
vere burns. Two fire«*en, Howard
Moisture that fell her Thursday
measured only "a trace" at the
water plant, but that much was
welcome. Prediction was for little
hiore Friday. The cold front that
brought the moisture kept the
mercury one point below freezing
Ruin, show sleet fell across a
wide belt of Texas early Friday,
lloughland of Olathe and Pete
Loft us, of Overland Park, were
overcome by smoke and required
"I am so glad no one was hurt,"
Mrs. Todd was quoted by firemen
as saying as she was carried to
Police said the Todd* would not
leave the Todd apartment Building
until they were sure everyone else
was safe. By that time they were
trapped by the flames and had to
jump. All of Olathe's £! firemen
battled the fire, which raged un-
controlled for more than two hours.
The fire fighters were hampered
by lack of water pressure—Olathe
is in the center of a drouth-strick-
en area and the water reserves are
low. It was feared for a time the
fire would spread to a block of
Firetm it and equipment from
Olathee Naval Air Station, Over-
land Park, and Shawnee township ■
were sent to assist the local fire-
SEEN or HEARD
C. M. H.
John F. Bailey attended corona-
tion at sKhool Thursday night—
glad to ee him getting ont again
.... Account of coronation will ap-
pear in Sunday's paper because of
itlnesn of Miiw Ann Cowan who at-
tended for the American.
Snow falling as we write makes
us feel we may yet win that coffee
we are crying about in the column
inside Peck Hellinghausen
said it took him three days to
drive to Cincinnati when he went
to the wedding, and he flew bock
in less than five hours Gary
West, Ft. Worth, visiting here to-
Beulah Jean Smith, injured in
an auto accident here recently, died
last night, report here said
Masons to meet Tuesday night for
degree work .... First check re-
ceived at Chamber of Commerce
for fishing thermometer came from
Don R. Compton.
Tickets to Chamber of Commerce
banquet going fast—Saturday last
day for reservations .... See by
the papers our brother-in-law, Maj.
Gen. Bryan Milburn, •will accomp-
any General Ridgway to AAM for
festivities ending with military
hall Saturday night .... WTCC
to make report on district work
this afternoon, some from here
Air Force Kan,
In Gun BaiHe
CHEYENNE, Wyo., March 5
iUiC—A gun-toting Warren Air
Force Base enlisted man got drunk
Thursday night after a waitress
threw an engagement ring in his
face and shot it out with a police-
man. Both were killed.
Patrolman Jack Jeraigan, 2&,
was shot in the chest as lie tried
to subdue the airman, Robert
Thornton Levine, '20, of Jamaica
Plains, Mass. Mortally wounded,
Jeraigan shot Levine three times.
Levine was dead on arrival at
the base hospital. Jeraigan died
an hour and 20 minutes after the
duel. He was married and had a
Waitress Elsie Bea said Levine
came to the cafe when he got off
duty ;m«i offered her an engage-
"I threw It in his face;" she said.
Levine left the restaurant and
began drinking. He came'back in
a nasty mood and started a loud
argument -with the waitress who
had spurned him.
She called police, wanting them
that Levine "always has a gun."
Two air police accompanied Jcr-
nigan to the cafe, and took the
raging Levine into the kitchen. The
drink-crazed airman pulled a .25
caliber pistol and fired three times
hitting Jeraigan in the chest once.
Jernigan, firing as he reeled back
into the bar room, shot Levine
twice in the chest and once in the
leg before he passed out.
Both of Levine's companions
were taken into custody. One waj
identified as Walter Scott and the
other only as "Chris."
Civil Rights Suit
Is Sent To Jury
Red i'rooo fund this afternoon
had reached UNMt with a num-
ber of workers still to report ....
Joe Manna said if they are going
to report a project *t every C-C
breakfast wo should have more
breakfasts .... And, Aaron Grant
telling about • man 1M who got
married, said it was not because ne
wanted to bat became he had to.
Thought For The Moment: As-
sassination has never changed the
history of the world.—Disraeli.
BROWNSVILLE, Tex., March 5
'U.R3—The jury was expected to get
the |550,000 civil rights suit Fri-
day brought by members of Starr
county's "old" party against 31
"new" party men.
Final arguments were scheduled
for Friday morning after Federal
Judge James V. Allred refused to
throw out the suit as requested by
defense counsel Manuel Raymond
The tl plaintiffs finished pre-
senting evidence shortly after noon
Thursday, after which Raymond
asked Allred to instruct the jury
to return a verdict for the defen-
Allred refused to do so saying,
"I have serious doubts that suffi-
cient evidence has been presented
to show conspiracy but the jury is
here. Let's let it go to the jury
and see what they say/
Breck Service Man
Is Now In Korea
Pvt. Jackson C. Redding, 21,
whose wife, Lavada, lives in Breck-
enridge, recently arrived in Korea
for duty with IX Corps.
Redding, who was previously sta-
tioned at Fort Sill, Okla., is now
serving as a wireman in Battery C
of the corps' 955th Field Artillery
He entered the Army in March,
1953, and completed basic training
at Cunp Chaffee, Ark.
but forecasters indicated the need-
ed moisture wouldn't amount to
much, and that skies would clear
And the cold weather accom-
panying the wintry storm may
have wreaked havoc with peach
orchards and other fruit crops. Ag-
riculture officials indicated it was
too early to tell just how much
the tender blossoms had been dam-
Most of the snow early Friday
fell in the Panhandle and in East
The death of a state highway
patrolman was blamed on the
Patrolman Felix A. Murphy of
Lubbock was fatally injured while
directing traffic on an ice-coated
overpass 10 miles north of Lub-
bock. Murphywas hit by a skidding
car while standing on a safety is-
land. His partner, Bert Cornelius,
received serious injuries when
struck by the car.
At Waco Friday morning, thcr
was rain and sleet. Lake Charles
and LaFayette, la., also had sleet.
Anaarillo, Lufkin, Dalhart, Tyler,
Tex&rkana and Shl-eveport report-
ed light snoW. The .snow extended
into Oklahoma and there was an
ineh on the ground at Hobart and
Oklahoma City. Amarillo had
about an inch on the ground, and
Dalhart had some on the ground.
Light Rains Fall
Light rain fell at Alice, Houston
and Brownsville early Friday. San
AngeIo( Laredo, and Wink had
freezing drizzles. Moisture totals
included: Sail Angelo .30, Lubbock
.04, Midland .01, Amarillo .08, El
Paso .05, Waco .23, Austin .05, La-
redo .16, Corpus Christi -30.
Brownsville .02, and traces at San
Antonio, Houston, College Station
Lufkin, and Tyler. WiehitS. Falls
reported light snow on the ground.
The forecast for Friday called
for mostly skies with occasional
rain over most of the state, and
light snow in the Panhandle.
But the weather bureau said
that a low in northeastern New-
Mexico would move eastward along
the coast, and that skies over Tex-
as would be clearing Saturday ex-
cept along the coast.
Moisture is Welcome
But even small amounts of mois-
ture were welcome. The rains of
the past two days had led to the
hope that spring showers were on
the way to end the dust threat in
West Texas. Almost all of the
state needs more moisture to soak
up the soil before the dry season
Locations for two new wildcats
have been staked in Stephens
G. J. Fenix and S. E. Scisson
of Breckenridge will drill the No.
1 Ida B. and I>. Sikes eight miles
southeast of Breckenridge. Slated
for 4,35u feet with cable tools, it
will be 840 feet from the west and
3,300 feet from the north lines of
Section 13, Block 6, T&P Survey.
Three and a half miles northeast
of Caddo, P. W. Pitzer of Breck-
enridge spotted the No. 1-D P. W.
Pitzer as a 2,600-foot test.
Drillsite is 330 feet from the
east and 2,<580 feet from the south
lines of Section 10, Block 4, T&P
C. C. Grantham, et al, of Gra-
ham No. 5 R. B. Whittenberg,
eight miles southeast of Bunger
in the Whitenbert Lower Strawn
Field, has been completed as a
Daily potential was 51.77 barrels
of 40 gravity oil and 10 per cent
water, pumping from open hole at
3^7(4-^77 feet. Top of pay was
B&R Oil Co. of Breckenridge
stake the No. 1 Monte Ruth Cone
as a wildcat six. miles northwest
of Palo Pinto.
Slated for 1,900 feet with cable,
it will be 1,830 feet from the east
and 175 feet from the south lines
of section 9, Block 2, T&P Survey.
Arkansas Field Oil Corp. of
Shreveport No. 1 E. Wilkinson,
Elbert-Strawn Field project one
and a half mile northwest of El-
bert, has been completed as a pro-
ducer. It is in Section 2130, TE&L
Daily potential was 163 barrels
of 40.7 gravity oil, through 15-64
choke with 300 pounds on casing
and 80 on tubing. Flow was front
oper. hole at 3,346-3,359 feet. Gas-
oil ratio was 411-1. Top of the
pay was 3,365 feet.
Ridgway Guest At
Texas A&M Today
Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, U.S.
army chief of staff, will fly to Col-
lege Station from Washington to
be the number one guest of honor*
for the seventh annual Military
Day of Texas A. and M. College
on Saturday, March 6.
General Ridgxvay's plane will
arrive at Bryan Air Force Base
at 6:45 p. m. Friday. He will be
accompanied by Cong. Olin
Teague of College Station and
Cong. Clark Fisher of San Ange-
lo. Also in the party will be Maj.
Gen. Bryan L. Milburn, Brig. Gen.
Anthony J. D. Biddle and Brig.
Gen. Renaldo Van Brunt, special
assistants to the chief of staff.
France Debates Indo-China
PARIS, March 5 <U.R~Premier
Joseph Latiiel opens national
assembly debate on Indo - China
Friday by outlining France's posi-
tion on recent calls for a cease-
fire there pending the April peace
talks in Geneva.
CADDO RESIDENT FOUND DEAD
AFTER WIDESPREAD SEARCH
Judges Ask Aid
Of Shivers In
AUSTIN, March 5 —A dele-
gation of 24 West Texas county
judges and commissioners Friday
asked the aid of Gov. Allan Shiv-
ers in stemming a rising tide of
unemployment blamed largely i
The governor, at the end of an
hour-long conference, promised
the full facilities of the state and
suggested further aid-such as long
range low interest-rate loans for
a multi-million doltar water con-
servation project—might be ar-
ranged in the coming special ses-
sion of the Legislature.
State Sen. Andy Rogers of Chil-
dress acted as spokesman for the
"It is no longer a situation of
feeding cattle," he told the gover
"We're down to the point where
we need food for people," Rogers
He outlined a six-point program
and asked Shivers' aid in seeing
it to a successful completion.
1. Use of federal surplus com-
modities to feed families now on
2. immediate state funds for
building county roads to provide
3. Immediate allocation of fed-
eral gasoline tax money to the
drouth disaster counties, with the
money going for relief projects.
4. Development of a multi-mil-
lion dollar dani project on the alt
Fork of the Red River to provide
jobs now and water later.
5. Reactivation of the Childress
Air Force Base. *
6. Liberalization of credit to
land owners, principally the "lit-
Five judges spoke.
All told a similar story of de-
creasing business, rising unem-
ployment and ail immediate need
"Food is a stop-gap. What we
want are jobs," Collingsworth
County Judge R. L. Templeton
CONTRAST—Mrs. E. A. Martin picks bluebonnets at her home in
Waco during heavy 2'^-hour snowfall Thursday. (NEA Telephoto)
Mr. and Mrs. Jimmy Goswick
are the new parents of a 6 pound
8 ounce son, born at 2:10 a. m.
Friday in the Stephens Memorial
Wilson Reported Fed Up
ARMY MARKED FOR SHAKEUP
AFTER SO MUCH FIREWORKS!
Singers To Meet
The Stephens County monthly
singing event will be held Sunday
afternoon at the Assembly of God
Church, Rev. R. E. Maxwell, pas-
The program will begin at 2:30
o'clock ana the public is invited to
Duval Residents Now
Would Retain Hays In
Lawsuit Against Parr
SAN DIEGO, Tex., March 5
*U.fS—Five Duval county resi-
dents said Friday they have ask-
ed New York attorney Arthur
Garfield Hays to represent them
in a civil rights suit against
Kays represented Parr in a
federal court action in which
the political boss sought an in-
junction against Texas Rangers
on grounds they were violating
bis civil rights by threatening
life. A three-judge federal court
rejected the plea.
Donato Serna, executive secre-
tary of the Freedom party and
one of five men who asked Hays
to represent them, said Hays'
own wimb at Houston showed
the atVl ney was "on the wrong
By LYLE C. WILSON
WASHINGTON, March 5 «U.R)_
The Army Department was re-
ported Friday to be marked for a
jarring administrative shakeup to
correct conditions which touched
off fireworks between President
Eisenhower and Sen. Joseph R.
Defense Secretary Charles E.
Wilson is represented as being fed
up with the Army's peacetime set
up for handling personnel. He calls
14 months too long to discover and
get rid of an undesirable officer or
The United Press was informed
that Wilson intended to do some-
thing about it. Whether reorgani-
zation would affect high ranking
individuals or merely the adminis-
trative procedure governing their
operations was not yet evident.
There was no indication that Army
Secretary Robert T. Stevens was
under Wilson's fire.
Hint of Shakeup
The defense secretary dropped a
hint of the projected shakeup at
his news conference Thursday
when he said there would be 'ail
effort to improve Army organiza-
tion "before long."
"We have a wonderful group of
men in the Army," he said.
" . . . But they are much better or-
ganized to fight in the field than
they are to operate in peacetime."
Wlson was displeased by the se-
quence of the Per ess case develop-
ments. It was McCarthy' effort
to identify individuals responsible
for dealing with Maj. Irving Peress
that led to the rough questioning
of Brig. Gen. Ralph W. Zwieker
and this week's rebuke to McCar-
thy by Mr. Eisenhower.
Several Weeks* Probe
A high defense official toid
United Press that Wilson's investi-
gation of the Peress case would
take several weeks. Thereafter,
something is likely to happen in
the Pentagon. It took the Army
four months to discover Peress had
refused to sign a routine loyalty
document and 10 months thereafter
to decide what to do about it. He
got an honorable discharge.
The Professor of Military sci-
ence and Tactics at Tarleton State
College in Stephenville has an-
nounced the promotion of three
Breckenridge students to rank in
the ROTC Corp of Cadets.
William McFall, son of Mr. and
Mrs. R. L. Fambro, has received
promotion to Cadet Sergeant First
Class. He is a sophomore major-
ing in physical education.
Don Pendleton, son of Mr. and
Mi's. Hubert Pendleton, has receiv-
ed promotion to Cadet Sergreant.
He is a freshman majoring in ag-
Michael Hagler, son of Mr. and
Mrs. C. F. Hagler, has received
promotion to Cadet Sergeant. He
is freshman majoring in chemical
These cadets were selected on
the basis of leadership, knowledge
and proficiencies in military sub-
jects and academic standing.
With Saturday the last day for
filing for city offices, six candi-
dates announced Friday, Secretary
E. R. Maxwell reports.
P. M. Faulkner is a candidate for
re-election as mayor. Five announ-
ced for commissioner, two to be
elected. These are Alf Chastain,
encumbent, W. M. Mosley, Charlie
Fox, Rufus Thurmon, and H. S.
Election of city officials will be
on April 6, and the vote on the pro-
posed charter will be March 19.
Batchelor To Be
Tried For Aiding
Reds While POW
SAN ANTONIO, March 5
The Army announced Friday that
charges have been preferred a-
gainst former prisoner of war
Claude Batchelor, charging him
with collaborating with the Reds
while he was in prison camp.
The government charged the
Renin it,* Tex., soldier's collabora-
tion with the enemy "caused other
American prisoners of war punish-
ment and hardship."
Batchelor was arrested at Brooke
Army Medical Center in San An-
tonio, where he was undergoing a
routine medical eheckup.
Fourth Army headquarters an-
nounced that * pre-trial investiga-
tion will be h°ld to determine
whether the evidence justifies trial
by court martial.
in Custody at Fort Sane
Batchelor was placed ill custody
at Fort Sam Houston. He had ex-
pected to get a 30-day medical fur-
lough after the routine medical
checkup, but it appeared he will
not get it because of the court
In Kermit, his mother, Mrs.
Clara Mae aBtchelor, said she had
"rather expected it."
"In a way I think it might be
a good thing," she said. "Then if
he's not guilty he'll be cleared and
people will know he has a clear
record. "I'm sure that he's
through with communism — he
wants to work against it."
During an interview in San An-
tonio Wednesday, Batchelor was
asked if he expected to be court
martialed as was C'pl. Edward
Dickensen of Crackers Neck, W.
He said he believed there was
"not much possibility, because I
never violated the Constitution nor
harmed fellow prisoners nor gave
He was asked how he thought
his case was different from Diek-
enson's. He just smiled and said
Army official emphasized that
the charges preferred against
Batchelor do not, in themselves,
have any connection with his tem-
porary refusal to be repatriated.
He is charged specifically with
violating three articles of the uni-
form code of mil'' try justice, in-
cluding "giving aid and comfort to
the enemy by collaborating with
the enemy while in prison camp,
and by so doing caused other
American POWs punishment and
Church Of England
LONDON, March 5 The
newspaper of the Church of Eng-
land suggested Friday that the
message American evangelist Billy
Graham has brought to England is
one that the British have tried
and found wanting.
Graham opened a three-month
season of revivalist preaching at
London's Harraingay Arena this
The church newspaper
"The question that inevitably
presses forward is whether the re-
vivalist message is not one that
the British public has heard, tried,
found wanting and turned away
Asked By U
By DONALD J. GONZALES
CARACAS, Venezuela, March 5
<U.R>—The United States soon will
seek Latin American support for
a policy of united action against
Communist imperialism if Mos-
cow's Red agents continue their
efforts to infiltrate the western
hemisphere, American officials
Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles set the stage for action
when he urged the 10th Inter-
American Conference to line up
"clearly and finally" against Com-
Details of the anti-Communist
program are shaping up rapidly,
informants said, for presentation
no later than next Monday by the
There were indications the res-
olution would be held up Friday
by Guatemalan Foreign Minister
Guillermo Torielio's first confer-
Toriello already has said he dis-
agrees with the ideas on hemis-
phere relations voice Thursday by
Dulles. For one thing, he said
Dulles "spoke about coffee and
wool. But he forgot about banan-
Dulles told the conference the
danger of communism and crea-
tion of "Soviet Colonies" is in-
creasing in the hemisphere be-
cause no adequate warning has
been sounded against Red infiltra-
"I believe that it is time to make
it clear with finylity that we see
that alien despotism is hostile to
our ideals that we deny it the
right to prey upon our hemisphere
and that if it docs not heed our
warning and keep away. We shall
deal with it as a situation that
might endanger the peace of Am-
erica," Dulles said.
Two Patients To
Reports from hospital attend-
ants Friday morning gave the fol-
lowing two patients admitted in
the past 24 hours:
Stephens Memorial—Miss Ann
Cowan and J. M. Thurman, medi-
J, M, Cook Dies
Of Heart Attack
En Route Home
A widespread search most of
Thursday and far into Thursday
night for J. M. Cook, filling sta-
tion operator at Caddo, ended
about 5 o'clock Friday morning
when he was found dead in Ins
pickup truck about a mile north of
Justice of the Peace L. T. Wood-
all, who went to the scene with
Sheriff Tom Offield, said his ver-
dict would be death from a heart
The' search was started when
Cook became overdue at Caddo
Thursday afternoon and foul play
Offield said that Cook left Pio-
neer Thursday morning about
7 o'clock en route to Caddo. The
heart attack apparently occurred
about 8:45 o'clock. During that
time all in Caddo were on the look-
out for him, a statewide broadcast
was made to all state peace offic-
ers at 4 p. m. Thursday, and
Thursday night Offield drove the
Cisco road, thinking his pickup
might be found on that route.
Body Found By Rogers
Joe Rogers of Caddo left there
about 5 o'clock Friday morning en
route to the Robert Jackson place.
He came upon the Cook pickup
parked beside the roadside. He
looked inside the cab and Cook
was slumped down inside. He went
and got Jackson and Offield was
summoned. Woodall thought his
death occurred about 9 o'clock.
The truck had been seen beside
the road by several during the
day, but some road work was un-
der way nearby and it was thought
the truck was being used incon-
nection with tlie work, Offield
Offield added that Cook appar-
ently pulled over to the side of
the road hit an embankment and
came back into the bar ditch.
Cook's head was down near th
floor when found. It was thought
he stopped the truck and it re-
mained running until it ran out oC
Mr. Cook was born November
18, 1888. He operated the Humble
Service station at Caddo, where he
had been a resident for a number
Survivors include his wife of the
home, two daughters, Mrs. J. M.
Baggett of Graham, Mrs. J. M.
Guthrie, Monahans; three son--,
Charles Cook, Denver City, Jack <*'
Seminole and R. E. (Bud) Cook,
Caddo; one sister, Mrs. E. T.
Buchanan, Pioneer; and three
brothers, J. H. Cook, San Angelo,
Ross Cook, Pioneer and Hurry
Seems Good One
DURHAM, N. H-, March 5 <U.P.
—A fake professor has been teach-
ing advanced physics at the Uni-
versity of New Hampshire for
more than a year, college officials
They identified the self-styled
professor as Marvin Hewitt, 31, of
Philadelphia, who had only a high
school education. When his pose
was uncovered, they said he left
Hewitt was described as a "nat-
ural born genius" who educated
himself so well that he was able to
teach two advanced technical
courses without detection.
Edward D. Eddy Jr., assistant
to President Robert F. Chandler,
said Hewitt told officials poverty
had deprived him of the schooling
he thought would make him an
Eddy said Hewitt told him he al-
ways had a "complusion" to teach.
He said Hewitt's teaching was
United States Keeps Silent On
Russian Query About Spy Expert
WASHINGTON, March 5 <U.R—
The State Department will take
plenty of time investigating "ques-
tions raised" by Russia about the
disappearance of one of its espion-
age experts in Japan, informed
sources said Friday.
Russian diplomatic officials hero
said they asked the State Depart-
ment more than two weeks ago
what happened to Yuri Rastvorov,
but have not yet received an ans-
The State Department Thursday
disclosed it had received the Soviet
note and a spokesman said "we
informed them that we are invwsti-
gaing the questions raised by
them." But present plans, accord-
ing to the informed sources, are
to keep a tight cloak of secrecy
around the case indefinitely.
Rastvorov was second secretary
of the unofficial Soviet diplomatic
mission in Tokyo. He dropped out
of sight Jan. 24 just before he
was scheduled to return to Moscow
The United States never has ad-
mitted officially it knows of Rast-
vorov's whereabouts. But U. S. of-
ficials have declared privately that
he came over to the 'West willing-
ly and is being interviewed on Ok-
Rastvorov, a protege of purged
Soviet Police Chief Lavrenti P.
Beria, is reported to be an expert
on Soviet espionage and subversion
in the United States and other free
The Russians said they had "evi-
dence" Rastvorov was kidnaped by
American intelligence agents.
■ "M,*- ■*
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Breckenridge American (Breckenridge, Tex.), Vol. 34, No. 45, Ed. 1 Friday, March 5, 1954, newspaper, March 5, 1954; Breckenridge, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth134758/m1/1/: accessed June 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Breckenridge Public Library.