The Orange Leader (Orange, Tex.), Vol. 58, No. 143, Ed. 1 Monday, June 19, 1961 Page: 4 of 10
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The Orange Li
MONDAY. JUNE 19/ 1961
Pillors of Strength
The turbulent changes now sweeping lation, the United States must now pre-
Latin America, the far East and Africa, pare to cope with a situation no nation
often called "revolution taking place here has ever before faced. Never, until now,
.. Home one being brought about by our ,Jias it been possible for any society to pro-
üiZT^L.ietinn vide the living standards and health meas-
aging popiiiati _ _ ures that would permit the development
Although the participanU inthjsrevo- q( ..old.. popuiation.
lution are gentle and a large proportion '
\ 0f them are enfeebled or partially da- ■'
abied they are creating the necessity for To feed, house and care for million* of
drastic changes in our established social additional citizens, an increasing percent-
and economic organizations. Housing, pro- age of whom will be in the older age
duction Of consumer goods, medical serv- group, a speed-up in technological devel-
ices, tax rates and governmental regula^ opments, including the conversion of syn-
firm* will all be affected by this population thet c substances and raw materials into
of tb* Mtd: consumer g„od,. will b. require. A num.
now tern j6 million United ber of authorities ar* now beginning to
States citizens aged 65 or over. By 1980. see in automation a blessing that will not
there will be about 25 million, of whom only permit greatei1 production of goods,
V million will be 100 or older at that time, but also the employment of millions who
_ . nitr.i anH «swial mi- would otherwise be forced Into a sterile
The economical tical and s^ai ^ and prohibitively costly retirement.
i^comDosUion^of the United States popu- The lighter work duties, that automa-
tion are also coming in for hard study, tion requires of industria) labor may great-
InlS sphere of econimics. the aae of the ly lengthen the normal employment span,
¿pulation affects the si« of the labor It is conceivable <that retirement ages in
Í2K, production and productivity, the many new lines of employment created by
~ role of government in the economy and automation will possibly extend into
fiscal apparatus, alterations lh. the'demind[ mid-70 s or beyond.
for goods and services, and the chain re- But significant advances will have to
action of economic activity these changes be made in medicine. At present, about
generate. half of all persons over 65 tend to become
'In'the social sphere, the age composi- confused or forgetful at times. This is
tion of a nation's inhabitants affects cUl- thought to be due to a reduced supply of
tural and political attitudes and cominu- oxygen to the brain. Blood flow and oxy-
nity relations which, in turn, affect the gen to the brain usually decrease after age-
proportion of national resources to be al- 50. Something like one-third of all per-
located to health care and social security sons admitted to mental hospitals today
versus thit to b* put into conservation, are 65 or older. Yet médicil experti claini
education, road building and other govern- that the majority of these patients do not
m#nt services ' ~ belong in such institutions, since they
Conservative economists estimate that suffer from nothing more serious than a
by 1980 some 10 billion in additional funds degrw? of mental confusion.
will be required each year in the form of Frequently those who wind up in men-
old age pensions or other social security tal institutions do so simply because there
payments for the maintenance of our 25 is no other place for them. A tragic foot-
¿ million older citizens. Other economists note to this situation is that^nearly one-
believe that a more realistic figure will be half of these patients die within one year
somewhere between Z5 billion and 40 bil-
lion. The higher figure would be approxi-
■ matelv equivalent to our present annual
expenditure nn armaments
The vast new sums that will' be re-
quired in taxes; and the equally vast ex-
tension of government sendees to meet
these needs will bring profound changes
in every major.aspect of our national life- are too old.
m - ¿rm
*> S' •*
Moment of Meditation
As coals are to boning coals, and wood to fire;
so is a contentions man -to kindle strife. Prov. 28:21.
License Bureau Angers Housewife
Editor. The Leader;
Political News Notebook
Tough Negotiations Seen Ahead
By PETER EDSON
This is a gripe letter but
haps will grant me a reading
since it isn't for oncé a gripe
about one of your editorials.-
No doubt it is futile to fly in
the stony face of bureaucracy,
merely a good way to get lumps
on one's own face. Nevertheless,
I believe the people of the country
are suffering more than necessary
at the hands of the local driver's
license . bureau.
The strictness of the tests given
Is well calculated to humble the
applicant and to disabuse him of
any idea he may have had that he
knew how to drive and deserved
a license. After he flunks the ex-
ams a few times, as is commonly
the case, he is convinced that the
State of Texas considers driving
a privilege, not a right. Amen. So
be it. Let us put our naw motor-
ists on the road well chastened
However, the method of setting
up test appointments, which is ap-.
parently part of the program of
making one suffer for the right to
drive, produces instesd feelings of.
spitful malevolence in everyone I
know who has been through the
. Possibly the footloose teen-ager
can afford to cool his heels all
morning or all afternoon, stand-
ing around waiting his turn after
having appeared at either 8 a.m.
or 1 p.m. sharp.
An hour or two or three — who
can tell. Any reasonably busy
adult, however, is present at that
office during his working (Or
house working) hours st the ex-
pens* of neglecting his work or i
loss in salary, at the expense c4
Imposing upon a friend to driv>
him to ana from the test'(if al
is to be legal) and to wait arount
till the~test is completed, and ii
the case of mothers, at the es
pense of hiring a babysitter for i
This expense In time, money it)
convenience and ill will I believi
can be reduced to a more support
able level without any inconvea
lence to the examining officer
with whose problems I truly
•.though grudgingly sympathize.
One reason the officer insists of
appointments being made in per
son is doubtless that some if
responsible person, if flowed &
make appointments by telephom
and in advance, would simply fai
to show up. thereby ruining the of
ficer's whole day.
I have, however, plenty of fait]
in that good old human trait
self-interest, and I believe-that I
a penalty of denial of another ap
pointment for a period of 30 o
60 days were Imposed on appoint
ment - breakers, very few whi
had telephoned the previous da}
would fail to appear.
1 think that if the examinin}
officer allowed such appointment;
by phone with a backstop of i
stiff penalty for "no-shows," hi
would find his work unhampered
and many more people arouiii
town willing to concede he migh
be human after all.
An Orange Housewife
p. S. I haven't passed that te
after being admitted to such institutions.
This death rate occurs ". . . in spite of
the fact that on admission their physical
health is good and average for their ages,"
according to Dr. Sol Levy of Spokane,
Wash. This apparently comes about
„ because there is a realization that they
frofound changes have, in a sense, been abandoned and they
our national life are too old, tired and discouraged to at-
WASHJNGTON (NEA) - The Kennedy adminis-
tration face* a long, hot summer of tough inter-
national negotiating. This is the first result of. the
Kennedy-Khrushchev talks in Vienna.
The Communists' defiant continuance of hostili-
ties In Laos, after Khrushchev had agreed with
Kennedy on the need for a more effective cease-
fire was a sinister, cynical development in peace
talk* at Geneva. It shows clearly the worthlessness
of any Communist agreement.
If the Russians again wreck the other Geneva
conference with Anierican and British experts on
the tiuclear weapons test ban. as now seems im-
Not the least important of these changes tempt to make some kind of new life for
minent, the next negotiating with the Russians will
will be the effect of the tremendous num- themselves in an alien setting.
hers of old age voters on the government's it is both an economic and a medical
domestic and foreign policies. .necessity for society to seriously assume'
While it is likely that the more da , the job of making the lives of Us senior
veloped the country, the older its popu- citizens more useful.
* The Oblique View *
War Brings Bitter Tides
By BILL FOSTER .
Most of the crew members were green TV
Kbcnsrme school at New London was running at
full bli-i t-aining men to Ml enough subs so the
United iiates could have a counterpunch for the
awful Ik king she was taking In the early months
of th war
TKe USS Seaflsh was aft different than many
other subs cruising the cold Atlantic waters. Her
skipper was a man of. considerable experience, and
the high command was counting on him and men
like him-to make up the difference until the crew-
men became well acquainted with what was their
home and their weapon for striking the enemy.
an underwater craft makes against HSU
that It was designed for. _
How«v*r. the great pressure at that depth forced
the sea through ihe hatch at an alarming rate.
This «odd never do. The only choice was to ride
nearer to the surface, hoping the German had tired
or lost Interest and gone home.
. But the pilot was young too, and he had Just
had his f rat taste of combat, and had come off
Wsiderfbhr better than second place. He would
stay until "his fuer supply forced him to return
to h«s ba>e
As the sub neared the surface, nothing-happened.
The pilot had a large area to .search. He had no
come on June 19 in Washington.
This «¡11 be a continuation of talks earlier this
year between U. S. Ambassador Adlal Stevenson,
and U.S.Ü.R. Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko,
which got nowhere. The subject will again be the
composition of another disarmament conference,
but the participants may be changed. The new
conference Is scheduled to open July 11, but the
place has not been selected.
The last 10-nation conference — five free world
representatives and five Communists — broke up
in Geneva June 37, 1960, when Russia's deputy
foreign minister. Valerian A. Zorin, led the Com-
mie delegates in a walkout.
That conference was a Russian idea. But now
they wart a 15-nation meeting, with five neutrals
added. The United Statf'sJ* satisfied with the 10-
natlon meeting, but would he willing tó add two
neuiral, nonvoting observers, to .mediate.
.There will be a new head U.S. negotiator for
the July conference in John J. McCloy. the Presi-
dent's disarmament advisor. But this conference
—'assuming it will be held and the Commies don t
walk out — will most certainly go on through the
convening of the U.N. General Assembly in mid-
About all it can produce is another round of
what went on in the last session. The Russians
will again try to drive Secretary General Dag
Hammarskjold out of office ai)4 set up in his place
a three-main — neutral,, free-world. Communist —
commission to run things with a built-in Russian
Myth of the Communist countries' rights to a
third of the representation on any international
group or commission has never been effectively
challenged, but it should be. There, are only II
Commun'M countries In the M United Nations
member*. This should entitle them to no mora
then 10 per cent membership In any U.N. body.
In this connection, one of the'Amercian weak-
nesses in United Nations negotiations .under the
Kennedy administration has been a cause for in-
creased concern in the United States.
This is the tendency of U.N. Ambassador Stev-
enson ana other U.S. spokesmen to say that the
world is changing and'that the United Spates can-
not contnue to win all debates, all vote$.
This is supposed to prepare the country for pos-
sible setbacks, such as the recent vote in the 40
per cent U S -supported U.N. Special Fund to give
Commun al CuBa 13 mliliSH irt' aid. w——
THE OFFBEAT NEWSBEAT . ..
T y pew titers Increased
By HAL BOYLE
★ EDITORIAL BY BIOSSAT *
Bad News That's Good News
Bf BRUCE BIOSSAT
"The Serif.sh had been out at sea for almost two way of knowing where the sub would be. At first,
wee'oi no* without seeing anything Supplies were it looked as if luck might be on the side of the
setting low. and it was time to start back to re-
ice thc.-n. After they were' replenished, it would
the same routine over, again, this was the third
. time they had been out.
The skipper had started in to the. base at
Newfoundland — running surfaced -to charge the
electrical batteries which powerM the sub silently
under water — when a German patrol plane saw., pletely blind now.
them. The German probably had been looking tor wete broken
subs, just as the sub had been looking tor ships.
Anyway, he. wasted no time in choosing a course
of action. The plane was designed tor making low.
fast dive , releasing' light torpedoes or bombe, then
fltmoin^ high and fast. This was-e*a¿tly what the
pilot did. He released two bombs, the first oae
falling short of the starboard bow.
The second one caught the conning tower just
above the main deck. The Sea fish reeled drunkenly'
then righted herself. The diving alarm was scream-
ing. and the crew frantically manned their stations
American sub. But just as the pilot was making
his last jearch before returning to his base, he
spotted the fell-tale shadow. He dropped three more
of the bombs.
None were direct hits. But the concussion
ripped through the submarine, knocking out lights
and instruments slike. They were running com-
Battle lanterns <battery pow-.
out, but the instrument panel
was a complete loss.
The young ensign was at a loss. At least he had
the presence of mind to-order thi damage control
men to stop the leaking hatch. There was no leak-
ing now, but* the men In the sub had no Idea of di-
rection. depth, radio or any of the other informa-
tion necessary for men to live under the surface of
The men talked it over, and decided that It was
best to surface and take their chances with the
plane, if .he were still there. So having made this
The country's railroads have fallen on such lean
times tha' when they cut a deficit these days it's
almost as joyous an occasion-as cutting a birth*
The lines did just that in their passenger train
business in 1960, and the early indications are that
they might shave the loss a little more this year.
This isn't something for just the'railroad book-"
keepers to think about. With population booming
and the-big interstate highway program dragging,
we travelers and commuters* can't afford to dis-
miss the railroads as of interest only to nostalgic
picture books and modclmakers. We need them
The deficit they ran up last year in their pas-
senger field, (483 million, sounds like a whale of
a lot of money. Actually, it's the smallest such loss
they've had since 1M7,
That was In a time when the postwar auto-
mobile boom was Just getting under way and the
airlines had not delivered their big volume, four-
engine traffic. The lines carried 330 million -rail
coach passengers, against 114 million,in. 1960. *
As their business fell off and their deficits
mounted towarcl a peak of $724 million in 1957, the
rails frantically sought remedies. Obviously they
have found at least a few. They've squeezed many
services down to bedrock; have trimmed schedules
and wiped out unprofitable lines. On top of that
they've won fare hikes.
Rail men doubt they can chop passenger train
expense much mdre. They just hope that crowded
highways.and the rialng population wiirhelp put
their passenger business in better balance.
Talk to an old railroad man and he'll tell you
that with most lines passenger activity never was
profitable, that freight" bore the load. It's trua
enough. The trouble today is that freight is sagging
too, and the carriers often lack that comfortable
cushion & gainst which they can placfe their passen-
ger Iossís. Freight profits have sunk more than a
third in the last four years.
NEW YORK CAP)—Things' «
columnist might never know if he
didn't open his mail:
Since the invention of the type-
writer in 1873, tjie number of
women stenographers in America
has risen from 7 to more than 2H
The peace-loving Irish are get-
ting more peaceful every year.
The crime rate, \which climbed
steeply in this country in I960, fell
by U per cent- in ilretand.
Many European farmers plant a
"Birth Tree" when « new child is
born, symbolically- tying the
growth of the two together. In
'Switzerland a pear tree is planted
for a girl, an apple tree for a boy.
In praising a Swiss miss, one pre-
sumably says, "she was the pear
of her father's eye."
The high cost of living: A « ir-
vey showed that sooner of later
-one out of five middle-class fam-.
. ilies' suffers a serious illness or
accident costing $2.000 or more.
—Pampering the breed: .At La
la. reported the fanciest in South
America, even the horses have a
Did you know less than half as
many people drown in swimming
pools as drown in bathtubs?
Our quotable notables: "Apathy
can only be overcome by enthusi-
asm,". said historian Arnold Tóyn-'
bee, "and enthullasm can only be
aroused by two things: First, an
ideal which takes the imaginafon
by storm, and second, a definite
intelligible, plan for carrying that
ideal into practice."
Ever worry about horses getting
hurt in all those TV and movie
westerns? Humane societies re-
port these animal actors live long-
er and suffer 50 per cent fewer
injuries than horses on farms or
.Hot weather warning: A 5 p«r
cent*loss of body salt causes wear-
iness. a 30 per cent loss leads to
dizziness, and a 50 per cent loss—
prostration: • —
Still good, advice: The motto M
the first coin issued by the U S
government—the 1787 penny-
was: "Mind your business."
It takes a strong man vto he
either a banker or a bank robbei
on the Island of Yap. Stone inon-
ey used as currency there weight
about 175 pounds. One chunk will
buy a wife—or 10,000 coconuts!
Caps were first introduced inte
the United -States during the Civil
War, and were Worn by Johnny
Reb as well as Yankee. Both sidei
copied them from the French mill*
Worth repeating: "Woman be.
gins bv resisting a man's advance!
and ends bv blocking his retreat,"
If you want to get your eet|
fixed at as low a cost as possible,
you'll probably do better to go
either to a young or old dentist.
Most dentists charge their highest-
fees when they áre between 3i
and 45, years old.
ntfc" gainer .fcex. ■ Men cur...
their hair Ion? before wo.n>*n.
Stone-age dahdi'es crimped then
locks by wrapping them arouna
small bones and rubbing then
with bear grease.
Odd custom in the African Si*
dan: After bearing five children,
a wife can return to her parent.*-
leaving daddy to raise the kids.
It was fed Howe who observed,
"A good scare is worth more to a
man ^han good advice."
polloi" is a Greek term
designating "the masses, or the
common peojlle." Its literal mean-
ing is "the ■many."
Q—What does the pyramid cá
the reverse side of the Great Sea
of th" United States symboliz?!
A—Tie pyramid is a'symbul o|
the union's lasting strength. I
Q—Why is the Geneva Bible so
A—Members -of a congregatioé
in Geneva. Switzerland, bore
costs of printing and publication.'
ftkrea*# True Life Adventures
trying to get the sub down to the relative safety of d*cition- the era A did slowly forward, creeping
being under the protective blanket of water. * «-.-a— — " * -*
The hatch leading to the conning tower was
ivptured. and water streamed through. The skip-
per was dead, blown off the sub when the bomb
íeadWn/Üff ,rV * y°Mng ***** "to w«s «o*
£ im !Z, !"* V, command "• ordered the sub
f ,n ,n effort to hide the inevitable shadow
TNI ORANGE LEADER
- ee Parsley
city Mf r
The Atwtoies ems «
<• '«publicaren ef «n *w
higher and higher as it went along.
Suddenly there came the crunching sound from
the bottom of the hull. They stopped, apparently
aground. The ensign called for a full backdown.
But it was useless^ no matter how much they
reved the motors they were stuck fast.
They hid no idea of depth. If they were close
enough to the surface, they could use the emergen-
cy tube. But the tubes had been too badly dam-
aged anyway. They were useless,
To open the main hatch was Impossible/ The
pressure of the water would hold it closed. And If
they coiiW get it open, the water would pour in,
making it impossible for anyone to escape.
Tie er sign Held a mass funeral service for the
living. Eventually they all died from the lack of
oxygen „ --
The next ¿ay a passing ship spotted a conning"
tower near the shore. They could tell it was Amer-
ican by the way-It was made. An Investigation
showed all aboard dead.
When the sub ran aground, the conning tower
had cleared the surface of tha water.
A sea mar said, "I wonder why they didn't JuSt
«pea the main latch?" ' '
* THE DOCTOR ANSWERS ★
. . ■ O '
Please Be Kind to Your Nerves
• . • • i
By DR. HAROLD THOMAS HYMAN. MJ>.
If ever you've rapped your funny bone on the
edge of a table or the arm of a chair you don't
need to be told that the nerve trunk is composed o(
mighty delicate tissue.
But perhaps you aren't aware of the damage that
can be done by continued pressure on sn exposed,
Writing in the Journal of Industrial Medicine, .
Dr.. A. A. Marinaccl has drawn attention to nerve
injuries and even paralyses that result from con-
stant pressure, sometimes the result of on-the-job
activities but sometimes unrelated to wage-earning.
Here are a few examples'of Dr. Marinaccl's
investigations, with suggestions for their avoidance:
Weakness of a branch of the facial nerve from
prolonged use of the telephone with the base of the
receiver resting on the shoulder and the rim against
the side of the face.
Te prevent, «ae a Mpkw. -
Weakness and aven paralysis of t^e powerful
muscles of tha upper back and neck from bearing
heavy weights on the shoulders, as do hod carriers.
Tq prevent, use heavy padding.
Crutch paralysis, with involvement of forearm
muscles from pressure in the armpits.
To prevent, use modern cratches with hand bars
and learn te reduce armpit presare to a minl-
HIS LON0 ARMS
iaj^, H PBglCTBg no
THEM AB WCTWk WC
"Saturday night paralysis" from heavy sleep
while un^er the influence of drugs or alcohol, with
the arm hung over the side of a bed or a chair or
from resting the weight of the . body on the flexed
Weakness of thigh and leg muscles front heavy
sleep, with the leg hanging over the side of the bed.
Weakness of forearm muscles from resting el-
bows en the arms of a chair: during prolonged ses-
sions of televiewing. Weakness of leg and thigh
muscles from hanging the legs ovar the edge of a
chair during similar sessions.
V -• " ' ' V "
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Browning, J. Cullen. The Orange Leader (Orange, Tex.), Vol. 58, No. 143, Ed. 1 Monday, June 19, 1961, newspaper, June 19, 1961; Orange, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143065/m1/4/: accessed January 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Lamar State College – Orange.