Notes on the Newer Remedies: Their Therapeutic Applications and Modes of Administration, Second Edition Page: 49
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same relation to benzoic acid as does acetanilid to acetic
Physical Properties.-Benzanilid appears as a white
crystalline powder with a melting-point of 323.6 F.
Solubility.-This drug is soluble in 58 parts of cold
and in 7 parts of hot alcohol. It is not soluble in water.
Therapeutic Applications.-The clinical uses of benz-
anilid are allied to those of acetanilid. It is employed
as an antipyretic, especially in the febrile affections of
Administration.-The usual dose for adults is from 3
to 12 grains (o.18 to 0.75 gramme); for children up to
twelve years of age, about one-half the amount stated.
Benzonaphthol is the benzoate of beta-naphthol, the
chemical composition of which is represented by the
formula C0,HO,CHO. It is obtained by the action of
benzoyl on -naphthol.
Physical Properties.-This drug occurs as a white
crystalline powder, tasteless and odorless, with a melting-
point of 230 F. (I IOo C.).
Solubility.-Benzonaphthol dissolves in alcohol, espe-
cially in hot alcohol; it is insoluble in water and ether.
Therapeutic Applications. This drug is said to
break up into its components in the intestinal tract. It
is generally used as an antiseptic, and acts also as a
diuretic. It has been found of service in the treatment
of children's diseases, such as acute and chronic gastro-
enteritis, catarrhal gastritis, and dysentery; it has
rendered good service also in the tubercular form of
Administration.-Benzonaphthol is best given in
wafers, in doses of from 4 to 8 grains (0.25 to 0.50
gramme). For a child six months old the daily dose of
the remedy may be set down as from 6 to 8 grains (0.37
*to 0.50 gramme), which may be increased according to
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Cerna, David. Notes on the Newer Remedies: Their Therapeutic Applications and Modes of Administration, Second Edition, book, 1894; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143542/m1/48/: accessed August 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting University of Texas Health Science Center Libraries.