Notes on the Newer Remedies: Their Therapeutic Applications and Modes of Administration, Second Edition Page: 92
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NOTES ON THE NEWER REMEDIES.
other essential oils, such as that of cinnamon, bay, pi mento,
and sassafras. Eugenol is also termed culgcic acid, and
is thus chemically constituted: CH3.C3H,-(OH)(OCH3).
Physical Properties.-Eugenol occurs as an aromatic
liquid with a boiling-point of 4550 F. (2350 C.).
Solubility.-This drug is freely soluble in alcohol,
but only slightly soluble in water.
Therapeutic Applications.-Although recommended
as a febrifuge, this remedy is at present mainly employed
as an antiseptic;' as such it has rendered good service,
being considered in many instances superior to carbolic
Administration.-The daily dose of eu cnol, which
can be best administered in alcoholic solutions, is 45
minims (2.80 grammes).
This drug is obtained from the bark and root of
Euonymus atropur eus ; its chemical constitution has
not been definitely made out.
Physical Properties.-Euonymin is a brown or green-
ish-brown resinous powder having a slightly bitter taste.
Solubility.-This drug is soluble in water, but scarcely
so in alcohol and ether.
Therapeutic Applications.-Euonymin is of service
as a laxative in constipation of hepatic origin due espe-
cially to a torpid organ.
Administration.-The dose of euonymin is from 2
to 3 grains (0.03 to o.I8 gramme).
Physiological Action.-This drug, in full doses, acts
especially as a depressant of the circulation and the res-
1 Besides the benzoyl-eugenol (q. v.) another derivative of eugenol is the cin-
namyl-eugenol, with a formula of CsH3.CI-I5(OCH)CO,(CH)2C61I5, which
occurs in colorless crystals, odorless and tasteless, having a boiling-point of
194 to 198.5 F. (900 to 91 C.). Cilnnamyl-egenol, like its co-deriva-
tive, is soluble in hot alcohol, ether, chloroform, and acetone. This drug
is being used in the treatment of tubercular diseases.
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Cerna, David. Notes on the Newer Remedies: Their Therapeutic Applications and Modes of Administration, Second Edition, book, 1894; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143542/m1/91/: accessed May 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting University of Texas Health Science Center Libraries.