San Antonio de Bexar: A Guide and History Page: 23
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MISSION SAN FRANCISCO.
prepared to do. There are several pretty little bits of wrought iron work in this
and the other Missions. Here is another artistic accomplishment to be added to
the list of those possessed by the fathers. The entrance door of the Chapel is un-
mistakably Moorish, having the true Alhambra shape and lines. Sebastian
Tejada, the Mission's oldest resident, maintains that there was still another place
of worship on the inside of the South wall by the road, here was the old main
South entrance and the Granary was built projecting lengthwise outside the
walls by the same entrance. Only the bare foundation of these two buildings
now exist. Opposite the old Convent is the well which was never forgotten in
the building of a Mission. The Convent, its yard, (which form now the Padre's
residence) and the Chapel or Church are built into and form portions of the
western ramparts. A plan and three illustrations of this Mission are included in
this book. Several Mexican families still reside in tumble-down huts on the lines
of the Mission Square.
It was this Square that the Texan Army of Independence made their first
camping ground-on the place that is now much overgrown with mesquite
brush. Here Stephen F. Austin joined the troops as Commander in Chief 'upon
his escape from Mexico, and where-" but that is another story,"-An interview
with Sebastien Tejada will perhaps be of some interest.
An interview with Sebastien Tejada, an old and intelligent Mexican, who
was born in one of the Mission Dwellings in 1813, Mission Francisco de la Es-
pada or Fourth Mission. Interview held on May 20th, 1890. In reply to many
questions he stated substantially as follows :
"I was born here in 1813. I have lived here all my life. I was born about
the time that Arredondo came through. This Mission seems to be much the
same as when I first remember it,-only some of the buildings were more com-
plete. I remember the Convent before it was so much altered. I remember the
arcades (row of arches of the Convent) and the granary which projected from the
entrance on the southern boundary. Also the foundations of the old Church in-
side the walls projected from the granary-the present Church is quite new, except
the front. I do not remember ever seeing the " baluarte "-(the fortified tower on
the southeastern corner)-used but I have heard of its being used against the In-
dians. Yes I remember the hostile Indians coming upon us many times-but
they were generally fought in my time inside the square of the Mission. The
dwellings used to be much more used formerly. We used to have and
house friendly Indians, but they mostly left at last. I remember when there
were three Padres to do service here. The old Church was pulled down about
fifty years ago. Dependants of the Mission used to live in the barracks at the
corner where the baluarte is. I remember another " baluarte " at the entrance
opposite the granary. The walls by the other entrance of the western boundary
had loop holes, too, but not round towers. I remember often the Spanish troops
camping here. I remember Bowie well, he married Gov. Veramendi's daughter.
He was a fine looking, fair man. I remember the army of Austin and Fannin
camping here in 1835. They camped in the middle of the Plaza. Many colonists
(he called them colonists of his own accord which was a touch of old days) came
here at that time. I remember Santa Anna, I saw him. He had one leg. I re-
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Corner, William. San Antonio de Bexar: A Guide and History, book, 1890; San Antonio, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143549/m1/59/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting University of Texas Health Science Center Libraries.