Texas Nature Observations and Reminiscenses Page: 14
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14 TEXAS NATURE OBSERVATIONS AND REMINISCENCES.
order to note its venomous char-
acter, and the way in which it
inoculates its victims, Dr. Lange
put a large gutter-rat in a secure
glass box with the tarantula,
which inoculated the rat several
times, an I it die I in about five
and the venom serves at the
same time to preserve the victims,
insects, birds, mice, etc., as food
supply to them or their offspring.
Such is also known to be the case
in the tarantula-killing wasp (first
view, second row) which, however,
TEXAS FEMALE TARANTULA--(Natural Size).
hours. This shows that the ve-
nom of this spider is a slow acting
poison, gradually paralyzing the
motor centers, with pralysis of
the extremities and respiratory
centers, according to the amount
of venom inoculated. Usually
these, and other poisonous animals
inoculate their victim only once,
is not the regular tarantula-killer,
which is of more slender structure,
but powerfully built and which
inoculates its victims with its
sharp daggers, situated at the
abdomen, and which communicates
with the poison bladder of the
wasp's abdomen. (Abdominal
parts of this wasp species depicted
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Menger, R. Texas Nature Observations and Reminiscenses, book, 1913; San Antonio, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143558/m1/18/?q=menger: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting University of Texas Health Science Center Libraries.