Texas Nature Observations and Reminiscenses Page: 36
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36 TEXAS NATURE OBSERVATIONS AND REMINISCENCES.
The Forest Tick
Who has not during an outing,
or traveling through a forest,
or along the refreshing banks
of a romantic rivulet been exposed
to the tortures of the small crablike
wood-tick? Many a pleasure and
recreation seeking party has often
been made miserable and disap-
pointed at a beautiful camping
place on account of these mean little
creature; but a little precautionary
measure usually will preveilt this'
Our bottom landl. and in par-
HEAD AND AIOUTH PARHTi o)F IF(REST' TICK
ticular certain trees and plants
in mountainous regions, and the
live oak forests, conceal immense
numbers of the pesky parasites.
and, in camping at such places,
it is always well to be provided
with some camphorated oil or
carbolated vaseline as a precaution-
ary measure to ward oft the
intruders-as well as other insects
of the pesky tribe.
When once perforated with their
powerful mouthdrills, the small
reverted hooks of the boring-
machines cling to the body tissues
like a leech and only the forcible
tearing off of the tick's head
lessens the excrutiating pain these
The original microscopic illus-
tration herein of our common wood-
tick exposes the powerful boring,
cutting and suction implements
of a young tick, considerably
With these three strong, boring
instruments the tick bores, cuts
and dilates the scarrified tissues
until blood oozes, and the entire
boring machine is inserted down
to the base parts of the head,
at the same time the smaller and
broader cvlindriform suction in-
strument (seen on the photo)
serves as the main suction and
absorption apparatus of the tick
with which it sucks the blood.
This boring and cutting act
into the skinl is very painful,
and the riveted booklets hinder
the boring apparatus to Ie re-
tracted and usually is so tightly
entangled within the tissues that
only 1y force the tick's body
can be removed-usually leaving
the entire moulth-parts ani the
head of the tick inside the skin.
The Texas Cattle Tick and Eggs Under Microscope
It is hardly conceivable to the
casual observer how immensely
the cattle tick really propagates
but a mere glance at the photo-
engravin"s herein, at once ex-
plains the matter.
Through courtesy of a farmer
friend at the Olmos settlement,
Anton Krug. the writer had oc-
casion to peruse a few private ob-
servations regarding the interest-
ina development of the pestiferous
battle e tick. how it breeds its eggs
and how they develop into the
Some years ago, Mr. Krug had
,athered from his cattle, during
the months of December and .Jan-
nary, numerous cattle ticks in a
small perforated box. and some of
these I preserved in a plain small
pill box. partly covered wiitl cot-
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Menger, R. Texas Nature Observations and Reminiscenses, book, 1913; San Antonio, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143558/m1/40/?q=menger: accessed October 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting University of Texas Health Science Center Libraries.