Texas Nature Observations and Reminiscenses Page: 40
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40 TEXAS NATURE OBSERVATIONS AND REMINISCENCES.
per cent of the value of the cattle.
The quality of the animals is low-
est and the loss is greatest in the
regions where the natural condi-
tions without the tick should pro-
duce the finest cattle with the
least loss. But the damage may
be better expressed by the state-
ment that the tick makes profit-
able production practically im-
possible in the South. Any suc-
cessful system of agriculture must
rest upon a diversification of
crops, and this, in turn, depends
upon animal husbandry to main-
tain the fertility of the soil. There-
fore, until the tick is eradicated
or placed under control a rational
system of agriculture in the infect-
ed area is out of question, and
that achievement would mean al-
most as much to the North as to
The Hog Louse
Among the hundreds of various
types of animal lice the above
louse of a hog takes the cake. ,,.
Note the fearfully large and curved
claws of each leg with which it "---:,,t_
molests the animals and often
causes ulcerations and general sick- -
hess. The specimen was gathered
at a Texas farm, the louse ac-
cidentally crawling along a fence-
rail. It is considerably magnified k
and represents a nice specimen
of photo reproduction of that par-
asitic creature. THIE Ho(; L(T'SE
The New Human Parasite of the Sarcoptic Tribe
In April, 1896,. when acting as
city physician of San Antonio, a
peculiar chronic disease in an
aged person, (Doctor R----) came
to my notice through a friend. Dr.
-Win. Fleming of Georgetown, Tex-
as, who was attending the case.
Concerning the symptomatolo-y,
Dr. Fleming kindly favored me
with the following data: "' bout
eight months ago my patient be-
came afflicted with the disease
and has been a great sufferer ever
since. The disease appears with
small papules here and there, fromi
a pale to fire red. and at times
under treatment will seem appar-
ently well, )but on application of'
ointments or lotions reappears in
reater or less nimbulers and Iarger
or smaller lesions. The disease
is not attended with itching. but
when very red has a sli 'lit hurn-
ing sensation. The animaculae.
it seems, on maturing, emerge
from the skin, in some places seem
to discharge germs covering a
space more or less dense from a
half to two inches in diameter. The
various remedies I have used ha ve
caused many of all sizes to come
to the surface, some bore under
the skin again, and although I
have picked off thousands, I have
never seen one move. One of the
annoyances to the patient is their
crawling on the skin. Their bite
is much like that of a flia or a
chinch, and often so rapidly is it
done that thlie mite will bore in
before you can pick it off with the
point of a knife. Thel bites and
pimples never supp rate nor ex-
'"I have given six llonlthis of
study and investing tion to the dis-
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Menger, R. Texas Nature Observations and Reminiscenses, book, 1913; San Antonio, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143558/m1/44/: accessed March 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting University of Texas Health Science Center Libraries.