El Paso Herald (El Paso, Tex.), Ed. 1, Friday, April 5, 1918 Page: 1 of 14
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El Paso and West Texas partly cloudy; Hew Mex-
ico fair colder; Arizona fair warmer. (Food fore-
cast for Satnrday One wheattess meal)
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
EL PASO. TEXAS. FRIDAY EVENING. APRIL 5 1918.
DELIVERED ANT WHERE SOc A MONTH
SINGLE COPT FITS CKNTS
14 PAGES TODAY
W GERMAN DASH AT AMIENS FAILS
Mexican bask notes state bills 918c; pesos 76c;
Mexican gold 52J-ic; nacionaJes 17418c; bar sil-
ver H. 4 1 quotation 91 c; copper $23.50; grains
higher; livestock steady; stocks lower.
BY BRUTAL GERMAN
Wounded Sergeant Sees Comrades' Necks Cut From Ear
to Ear while One Is Held and Beheaded; Americans
of This Command Sharpen Bayonets Like Razors
When They Return to the Front Line.
-"HICAGO. Ill- April 5. A ghastly
Vr illustration of German hatred of
American soldiers is given in a Sal
ration army letter made public here
today by adjutant Fletcher Agnew. It
wag written in France bv adjutant
R. C. Stabard. who has charge of
Salvation army hat. to commander
Eva Booth who turned it over to ad-
"I visited a base hospital re-
cently un the letter 'and had
this story from a sergeant who
liad paased threaten one ef the
raid. The erKennt was horri-
bly wOHnded bv a grenade and
waa passed by the Germana aa
drad. Before the aerseant lost
consclousae however he aaw a
dosen Gfrman overpower three
American beys and eat their
threata from ear to ear. The aer-
Keant aaid the murder of the third
American km the moat borrible.
GONRRESS SHATTERS PRECEDENTS
MOST EVENTFUL YEAR IN HISTORY
Records Are Broken in All Manner of War Legislation;
Two Declarations of War Made Billions Are Ap-
propriated and Spent for National Defence and
Pacifists Silenced by Patriotic Fervor.
By ROBERT B. SMITH.
April S. .months of the war.
XITASHINGTON' D. c.
TV The congress of the United
States will tomorrow round out the
most eventful year in its history.
It has broken so many records that
lished for the past year a place un
equated tn. "historic Importance in all
American parliamentary annals
It has appropriated money by the
billions. It has levie
hundreds of millions. It
measures of the most revolutionary
and drastic character in American
history. It has shattered precedents
by the score and laid out new courses
reaching far into the future of Amer-
The last year in congress may
properly be divided into two distinct
parts first that of prompt and un-
questioning acquiescence in the ad-
ministration's conduct of the war. and.
second that of earnest and vigorous
criticism of the war management.
The former period occupied the large
part of the special session beginning
on April 2. 1917 and ending on Octo-
ber 6 1917. The latter period began
immediately on the reconvening of
congress in December and has not
By a strange reversal of the situa-
tion the pacifists who raised their
voices against the war and war meas-
ures during the first period of the
congress have virtually dropped out
of sight in the second part at least
as antiwarriors. They have been
swallowed up in a general determina-
tion in both houses to back the war
powers. Critics of policy have given
way to critics of method. Cries for
peace at any price have been drowned
out by demands for winning the war
at all costs.
Perhaps the most Impressive thing
about the year's record In congress
has been the outlay of moaey. The
grand total of outright appropriations
contracts authorised and loans made
to America's allies now reaches be-
yond the 21.000.e0000 mark. Of
this stupendous amount more than
StL60a.0M.tee was appropriated and
authorised expended in the first six
" 7 " ' LZ-At the administration's spending abil-
they defy enmenUin. It has esftaVrffiy; and since congress reconvened in
Figures Showing What United States
Has Accomplished First YearOfWar
April 6. 1817. Officers. Enlisted Men.
Regular army 5.7M 121797
National Guard in federal service 293 6134
April 1 1918. (approximate strength).
Regular army 1088 521442
National Guard 16.893 43WSS3
Reserve Corps ? 'W'10 77.M0
National army 518338
'Indodes the reserve officers serving with the National army.
April 6 2917 There were about 55000 men including reserves in the
April 6 1918 Enlisted strength of regular navy 192000
Naval reserves 78060
X. N. V 16000
Coast guard reserve officers etc 14000
These are all voluntary enlistments and practically all are made for
the foil four-year period allowed by law.
Since the war began the bureau of navigation of the navy has pat "into
commission over 1000 vessels of all classes including battleships ssmaaariBes
destroyers transports hospital ships patrol vessels mine layers mine
sweepers submarine chasers enueers colliers supply vessels converted
yachts gunboats etc. This has been an immense task as the increase of
the personnel from 55000 in January of last year to approximately 309009
at tlie present time is composed entirely of raw recruit material which has.
bad to be trained by the small number of regular commissioned officers.
ThaQpsult has been excellent. Every vessel afloat has been and is filled to
thtfcTtmpm complement desired by the commanding officer.
Poor Germans held Mm while a
fifth fairly aevered bia head from
"I have Just learned." continues the
letter "that this aame company of
Americans passes through here to-
day with their bayonets sharpened
like razors sworn to avenge this aw-
ful crime against their comrades.
Strike Hard and Often.
"What can yon say to men bound
on snch an errand except bid them
strike hard with all their might and
harder because of the righteousness
of oar cause and the devilishness of
Adjutant Stabard admits to com
mander Booth that it is often very
difficult to follow the dictates ot
forgiving Christianity while hearing
daily reports of Hun atrocities.
It is the work or tne enemy ori-
gades known as the batchers that
makes our blood boil and makes us
forget to love our enemies." he said.
These are picked Drutes tor raining
purposes with the purpose of intimi
dating bj frignttuiness.
went in loans to the allies. The rer
mainder went largely to four main
sources: Ships aircraft the army and
The generosity or congress exceea-
December appropriations have been
of a minor mttnre compared to the
previous eight months.
Two Declarations ef War.
Two declarations of war within
veatthal axalast Germany on April
6 and that against Austria-Hungary
on Decemoer 7 also constitute a rec-
ord breaker is congressional history.
In the matter of foreign affairs the
year in congress was also made re
markable by the reception of the
special missions sent to the United
States from time to time by the allied
No other congress has ever received
so many personal visits from the
president. Five times president Wil
son has gone before congress as
sembled in joint session to address it
upon war policy and legislation. Be-
ginning with the first war address tn
April he appeared again on December
4 to nrge a declaration of war against
Austria-Hungary: again on January 4
to advocate the now railroad legisla-
tion and January 8 and February 11
be spoae on terms or peace.
The most important of the war
legislation enacted by the congress
may be summed up with the follow-
ing laws: The draft law. the espionage
law. tne rood control law tne revenue
law and trading witn tne enemy act
the railroad bill and the war finance
The draft law was the first big
piece of legislation following the dec-
laration of war. After weeks of hard
fighting opposition led by advocates
of voluntary military service rein
forced by the pacifists was worn
down and the draft law was passed
by both houses by substantial major
ities un May is president Wilson
signed the biU making ie.AM.M0
Americans liable to military service.
Baplonage an Omnibns Measure.
The espionage law was an omnibus
measure including a dozen or so of
Important acts extending to the ad-
(Contlnued on Page 4 Column 3.)
FRENCH HURL BACK FOE MASSES
AND GAIN GROUND FROM ENEMY
GERMAN NDRLF.SiBf.mSH IRE PRESSED BUCK
a r xcr a imm ft
Young Count von Bernstorff
and Baron von Radec
Come To Blows.
VON RADECK SUES
Says Bernstorff Got His
Wife and Caused Him io
Be Fired From Army.
AMSTERDAM Holland. April 6.
Berlin society Is much stirred by
a suit for libel against count Chris-
tian Gunther von Bernstorff son of
the former German ambassador to
the United States by baron Walter
von Radeck a member of an old Prus-
sian military family who lived for
many years in England. Count
Gunther's wife who was Mrs. Mar
guerite Vivian Burton Thomason of
Burlington. N J- and a number of
others including the wife of one of
the generate commanding an army on
the western front also are defendants
in the suit.
Baron von Radeck and his wife ac-
cording to the Rhenische West Fal-
lische Zeitnng. were divorced In Oc-
tober. 1917 and she subsequently
married count von Bernstorff.
Physical Encounter Followa.
The result was a physical encounter
between the two men in which von
Radeck tore the epaulets from von
Bernstorff uniform. Thereupon von
Berstorff declared than von Radeck
was not capable of giving satisfsc-
tion as a gentleman and he charges
von Radeck with ayping for England.
This resulted in von Radeck leav-
ing; the army and von Bernstorff be-
ing punished by a military court. The
baron now charges that von Bern-
storff. with 14 others caused his di-
vorce and dismissal from the army
by circulating untruthful reports.
Count Christian von Bernstorff snd
Mrs. Thomason were married last
December 8. He is 2 'years old. He
entered the German diplomatic serv-
ice shortly after the outbreak of the
History of the Collate.
Countess von Bernstorff is about
39 years old. Her first husband was
divorced after which she married
Daron von itaaoca. sne was oom in
Strondburg Pa of English parents
and was adopted by B. J. Thomason
of Burlington. X. J. After her first
marriage she met baron von Radeck in
New York and they were married In
London in 1911. Two years later she
filed suit for divorce on grounds of
cruelty and the case dragged on until
last October. Four years ago the
countess fell heir to an estate of
100000 from her foster mother
Baron von Radeck was formerly an
attache of the German embassy in
London. His father was a general in
the German Army.
AMERICANS TAKE OVER
PART OF THE VERDUN FRONT
With the ..merlean Army In France
April S. (By The Associated Press.)
Following- a raid by Germans on
sn American listening post it Is an-
nounced that the American army has
taken over another sector on the
French front. The new location is on
the heights of the Meuse Verdun
The raid was delivered after heavy
artillery preparation and the Ger-
mans swarmed about the listening
post. Strong fire from the American
first and second lines prevented th
enemy making any further progress.
Paper Co f fins And Shrouds
For The Dead; Starvation
For The Living In Germany
BT TRIVATB T. B. DICKI.VSO.V ESCAPED PRISOXER OF WAR FROM GERMANY.
LOXDO.Y Hue April 4-To
those who grumble about occa-
sional shortages of food or coal
I would says "Yoa dor't know the
meaning of hunger. Get down en
your knees and thank God yon
have not been called upon to snf-
for one-flftleth part of the priva-
tions endured by the Iluna In
ltH7. And it Is probably worse
I have already dealt with the
scarcity of food in the Fatherland
and now purpose relating some of the
effects of tnose cruel montas oi
starvation and malnutrition which I
saw while held a prisoner nt war in
Of all the multifarious classes of
workers in the lsnd of the kalaer.
none Is busier than the undertaker.
TUB MAKERS OF COFFINS AND
TUB DIGGERS OF G DAVES LABOR
NIGnT AND DAY for the Grim
Reaper is about as busy amongst the
civilians of Germany as he is In the
rirks if Its soldiers.
WIDESPREAD EPIDEMICS OP
DYSENTERY RAVAGE THE COUN
TRY AND THE VICTIMS NUMBER
TENS OF THOUSANDS. The disease
is of two types one of which closely
resembles cholera in its character
and fatal rapidity. I know from per
sonal experience tnat open so essen
Germans Are Now Within Nine Miles of Amiens; French
Meet Attacts hy 100000 or More Troops But Give Up
Only a Few Hundred Yards Causing the Germans
Enormous Losses; Hundreds of Airmen Battle.
T ONDOX. Eng.. April S. The British
Lu have been pressed back a short
distance on the front east of Amiens
to positions east of VUlers Bret-
touneux. the war office announces.
The Germans hurled larjte
bodies of troaps against the
BritUh between the Luce nod
Somme river making repeated
assault. Per the meat part the
. wa thrown back with
"Betwen the Luce river and the
Somme heavy fighting continued yes-
terday during the afternoon and
even in ir till a late hour. The enemy
employed strong forces and delivered
repatea assaults on our pusuwns
These attacks were beaten off witn
loss to the enemy but our troops
were pressed back a short distance
to nositions east of Villers Bret-
tonneux (about nine miles east of
Amiens) which they now maintain.
"North of the Somme. the
enemy artillery haa been active
during the night in the nefghbor-
hsod of Bueauey and In the
Searpe valley. IIoIIIe concentra-
tion early tbl morning In the
nrtghharhoad of Albert were en-
gaged by our artillery.
A tribute to American aviators with
the British army in France who are
"numerous and always brilliant" was
paid by the correspondent of the Daily
News. He says that American avia-
tion mechanics also have rendered
M Maehines in Air.
Describing the air fighting on the
western rront tne corresponaeni says
that never before in any army have
airplanes been used in such great
concentration. On one sector of the
battle front as many as 300 machines
are in the air at one time. The use
of machine guns on enemy troop
guns and transports by low flying
machines he adds has been carried
to a point far below anything in
German Pall tn WMea Salient.
The Germans who yesterday re-
sumed their attempt to reach Amiens
and to seoarate the Anrlo-French
armies and who are still fighting f
these objectives nave accoraing to
official reports thus far failed to
widen the salient which Is necessary
for their aecority.. The Teutons how-
ever made some slight advance on
the direct road to Amiens.
Roth the British and French state
ments admit slight withdrawals north
Girl School Teacher ;Gun Suspends Attack
Flags Train and Foils On Paris For Funeral
Work of Train Wreckersl Of Diplomat Killed
Toledo. Ohio. April S. Discovering
a tie spiked across the Baltimore A
Ohio track ten miles south of Toledo
near Perry sburg last evening. Grace
Doyle a country school teacher at
Roachtown. ran down the track re
moved her coat and with It flagged a
train approaching rapidly. It was a
freight followed closely by a heavy
troops train. It took the freight
crew 25 minutes to remove the ob-
struction. Milk Goals to Be Wet
Nurses to Lamb Orphans
Heppner. Ore. April S. Mexican
milk goats will be "wet nurses" for
motherless lambs In Morrow county
this year according to Frank
Roberts who has gone below the
Rio Grande to buy a hundred
'Mex. cows." It is figured out by
itockmen that goat's milk in
iriginal packages will be more
successful than condensed milk fed
!rom bottles and will save human
tial for the successful fighting nf
dysentery is almost unprocurable.
and tne small quantities doled out are
so weakened by dilution as to he
The German doctors admit that
these epidemle are dHe to the
lack of proper nourishment nnd
to the deleterious nature of ninny
of the food Knhstltutea foisted
upan the public. But the bulk of
the bFhme Is leveled against the
war bread which I n fantnfle
conglomeration of straw pwtalo
peelings and other equally un-
holy Ingredient. It ealla for a
cast lion stomach to consume thl
mixture with Impunity and eaat
Iron stomach are n rarity even
among the would-be conquerors
ot the world.
Regulations for Funeral.
"Things are becoming pretty bad
when THBY WONT LET tS USE
WOOD FOK THE MANUFACTURE
OF COFFINS." said a German clerk
to me one day at Burgsteinfurt.
This man's name was Orenfels and
as I was workin- in the office beside
him we often chatted away to each
other in German in the absence of
"Have they commenced to issue
regulations about coffins.?" I asked.
"That's what they have done" an-
swered Qcenfels "You see so many
persons are dying because of this ac-
cursed dysentery that the authorities
Of The People; TheNextMovels Up To The Voters
EAST OF THE GITY
PA HIS France. April 3. German
forces continued their attack
during the niKht. says the otflelal
statement issued today hy the
nar office. Despite the superior-
ity of the German effective
which the atatement saya. were
apent recklessly the Teutons
were unable to reach their objec-
tive which nat the railway from
Amiens to Clermont.
The French forces south of the
Somme in the vicinity of Mont Didler
were suojectea to terrttic assaults
yesterday by fully 109.080 German
infantry attacking fully ten times.
The French with great valor met
every wave and Inflicted sanguinary
losses giving up but a few hundred
yards to the enemy. Generally
speaking the German errort was a
The French regiment by their
resistance and eoonter attaek.
last nlcht maintained the Hue la
it entirety the war office an-
nounced. The French troopa con-
quered the greater part of Bpi-
nette wood north of the town of
Orviilcm-Sorcl. All German ef-
fort to dislodge the Frenchmen
were In vain.
Freneh Gain More Ground.
The French eantnred St. Ala-man
farm southeast of Grivesnes and held
It againat all assaults. In the north
the French withdrew their positions
to the west of CasteL They threw
back the Germans from Arriere Cour
Wood west of Mailly RamevaL
of the citv of Amiens but on both
wings of the battle front the entente
allied troops have succeeded In re
pulsing all German attack.
England is calmly watching the
maps for the result of this latest of
fensive and every scrap of news about
it is reaa eagerly.
Gnngh'a Army Hard lilt.
"Our difficulties and those of the
enemy are fairly obvious." says the
Standard. "We are suffering from
very heavy Mow dealt to Gen. Gougb's
army. The enemy on hla aide finds
that the salient created through that
local success Is too narrow fur bis
purpose A good many people no
doubt experienced a certain disap-
pointment that no great reaction on
the part of the allies followed the
exhaustion of the German effort. It
should be remembered that the battle
is only tn its earliest stages and noth-
ing woold pleas the enemy- com-
manders better than a premature em-
ployment of the reserves."
Amsterdam. Holland. April 5. A
Berlin official statement today says
that the bombardment of Paris waa
suspended on Wednesday because of
the funeral of the counselor of the
Swiss legation in Paris.
M. Strohelin. counselor of the Swiss
lesration in Paris was one of tne wor
shippers in the Paris church struck by
a shell from the German long range
gun on Good Friday and with many
otners was Killed by tne explosion.
Germany haa expressed regret for the
death of M. Strohelin to the Swiss
foreign ofiee at Berne.
If there was a suspension of bom.
bardment because of the counselor's
funeral it was not one which included
the entire day of Wednesday aa Paris
dispatches reported the resumption of
tne oomDarament Wednesday morn
seee paris ciiildrkn
TO BB SBXT TO COCXTRV
Paris France. April S. The Amer-
ican Red Cross is making arrange-
ments in cooperation with a party
of Parisians to send 50.9O children
of this city to a provincial center
where they will be cared for during
tne summer scnooi vacation.
have decided they cannot spare so
much wood for coffin making. In
future all coffins must be made of 4
special kind of pasteboard."
"It will require to be very strong
paatenoard to Dear tne weignt oi an
adult body" I remarked.
"ADULT nODIES ARE NOT VERY
HEAVY IN GERMANY JUST NOW.
Grenfels responded "especially when
death has been due to dysentery. And
there are other rules in connection
with the dead and their burial The
authorities acting on the principle
that theJlving need clothing and the
dead do not have forbidden -the -use
of wool in making of shrouds for the
dead. All shrouds must now be con-
structed of paper."
Die Too Fast to Bury.
Then there is the question of fu-
nerals" continued Grenfels. "I know
for a. fact that In a number of the
larger cities THE DEATHS ARB SO
NUMEROUS THAT FUNERAL SERV-
ICES IN CHURCHES HAVE HAD TO
II B RESTRICTED TO TEN MINUTES.
Despite these abbreviated services
the churches -are crowded all day long
with mourners snd friends of mine
have written to say that it is quite
a common sight to see about a dozen
corteges drawn up In the vicinity of
a church waiting their turn for the
ministers tlons of the clergyman."
"The civilian population of Ger-
iContlaued on page 4. column S.
German Warships Off Fin-
nish Coast Menace The
Ice Bound Russians.
TREA TY VIOLA TED
German Warships Landing
Troops In' Finland;
DETROGRAD. Russia. April 5. (By
1 The Associated Press) Two Ger-
man warships and several torpedo
boats have landed troops in Finland
snd occupied the town of Eknes.
tonthwest of Heistagfors. Several
Russian warships Including four sub
marines were powerless to prevent
the entry of the Germans Into the
harbor at Han go and the sailors sunk
three of the ships in the harbor to
prevent their capture.
The commander of the Baltic fleet
has sent a communication to the Ger
man commander concerning the Ger-
man aims and protesting against the
entry of German waraaips aa a viola-
tion of the Brest-Litovsk peace treaty
which guaranteed the security of the
Rasalan Fleet Endangered.
The arrival of the German fleet off
the Finnish coast threatens the safety
of the Russian fleet at Helsiagfars
which for lack of an Ice breaker has
been unable to reach the naval base at
Kronstadt. The fleet Includes two
armored shins a division or torpedo
boats and aubanarimea.
An anti-aonet mrunic among the
Ural Coasmen tat scaxeaeascern
Where Ts The Boundary?
Moscow. (Thursday). April S. (By
The Associated Press) Peter PetrotT
the Russian emlasai j who has
turned from Berlin with the ratified
peace treaty signed by chance lor von
Hertliag and emperor William tells
the Irrestia the Bolshevik organ that
the provisions of the rarioed treaty
confirm the declaration or foreign
secretary von Kuehlmann. during the
relchstag's debate that the provinces
or Livonia and Bstnonia tying east ot
the new Ruseo-Gemsan frontier are
to be under Russian sovereignty.
When the correspondent asked Petroff
for further details Be declined to give
them until after reporting to tne gov
eminent council. He expressed- his
personal opintoH that the Ukraine as
a distinct nation waa non-existent.
there being no racial dlfferencea be
tween the people of the Ukraine and
SENATORS AGAIN DEMAND
PUNISHMENT OF SEDITION
Washington. D. C April (.Wide
latitude for the government to pun-
ish sedition and disloyalty waa de-
manded today In further senate de-
hate on the bill penalising disloyal
utterances attempts to Interfere with
the army draft and Uberty loan and
Supporting the bill senator Borah
of Idaho contradicted statements of
senator Johnson- of California that
the measure Is so broad that it would
curtail freedom of speech and the
"One would be perfectly free to cri-
ticise the administration any officer
or any department" he said denying
that it would punish those advocating
constitutional changes unless made
with scrurrilous attacks upon the
present form of government.
Senator Borah declared that there
now is no law to punish men who
eulogize the kaiser. German kultur or
the German form of government-
44 NORSE SEAMEN DIE
IN SEA WAR IN MARCH
Washington. D. C. April 5. Nor
way's shipping losses through Ger-
man submarine ruthlessness and oth
er war operations continue to grow.
uunns asarcn xa snipe ox tons
were lost according to cablerram
made public today by the Norwegian
During the month. 44 seamen lost
their lives while ? more men are
missing. The total value of Norway's
shipping losses for March in round
figures is almost tlt.S00.ft00.
CUNARB MNHR VAIiBRI.V
IS SUNK IN IRISH SEA
New York. Aoril S. The Cunard
line steamship Valeria a vessel of
SSS5 tons gross register has beep
sunk tn the Irish sea. according to
word received here by insurance In-
terests. The Valeria left here March
4 with cargo for a British port.
Says Santa Claus Suit
Is Valueless In March
Cleveland. Ohio. April S. The
Adams Express company is de-
fendant In a suM 4ust instituted
here which seeks to collect dam-
ages from the company on the
grounds that a Santa Claus suit is
of no value In March or any other
month later in the year until De-
cember rolls around again. Ed-
mund Buchla wants 171 from the
company as be says he bought the
suit in Toledo last November and
had the express company ship it
here and it haa not ret arrived.
LINE HOLM FIRM
pi ppaoal ansa aa. k a aal . V Aafl ftv ffc? a. at. A aV Ala.
rLLLIlA wn FRflNrii f.ATW
i.-v iiiunvii ynin
EfllEMf ATTACKS TODAY ALONG
EXTElEIMTi IS REPULSED
Powerful Blows Have Been Delivered by Germans in
Fast 24 Hours in Attempt to Cut Amiens Bailroad and
Capture the City But They Are No Nearer Success
Today Than Before They Spilled Their Blood.
JONDON Eng. April 5. The Geraans this monua attacked die
British forces on a wide front from Dcrncourt a few intks sojd of
Albert to Moyennevfllc north of the Somme according to a ttateet ptab-
bhed by the Evening Standard.
The chief points of the attack the newspaper jays were Dernancourt.
Men in Beaumont-Hatne Briegvry afid Moyeaseville.
The Germans were repulsed with heavy losces except at Dernancourt.
where they made a slight gain.
There has beea no attack south of the Somme to far today the state-
The British and French ofBdai reports today reveal that the German
m the past 24 hours have been coscetratig power fid efforts m as attempt
to cut the Amiens railroad and capture the city itself. It k eqoairy evident
that the Cer-nan have used up targe masses of ea and have failed to
accompKsh any part of their program. The Franco-Bdbsh Ike has bent
backward in one place and bdged forward in others. In general k has
U. S. Regrets The Lynching
Of German In Illinois; Is
Afraid Of Reprisals Abroad
XASHUJGTOX. D. C April
J IT Attorney general Gregory took
to the cabinet mni asduxst tepaatt
of the lynching of a German Robert
P. Prager. at Coll marine. TIL last
night for diapuasloa with president
Wilson. The government Is expected
to denounce the mob's lawless set and
to express the hope there will be no
A brief report on the lynching
reached the attorney general today
from UnitecT States attorney A. Karch.
Further details were asked.
Officials made plain that they de
plored the Incident both because of
the effect in this county and also be-
cause it is feared reprisals may be
made in Germany on Americana
Lynching of Prager.
Collinsville III April 5. Kneeling
with his arms crossed. Robert Prager
who was lynched last night at raid-
Eight for alleged disloyal remarks.
prayed in German for three minutes
before he waa strung up. according to
statements today by members of the
Prager was a coal miner and yes-
terday at Maryville. Ill in an address
to miners on Socialism he la said to
have made remarks derogatory to
president Wilson. Miners there be-
came angry and when they threat-
ened to do him bodily harm he es-
caped to Collinsville. his home. Soma
of the miners however followed col-
lected a crowd took Prager from bia
home and led him barefoot through
the street waving an American flag.
The police fearlna- violent nnenMl
Prager from the crowd and placed
him in the citv halL Later a lararer
mob gathered in front of the hall and
demanded the man. Mayor J. H. Sie-
gel counseled calmness but the police
is ox iour was overpowered and
Prager waa found in the basement of
the hall biding beneath a pile of til-
ing. He was dragged down the street
and beyond the city limits the crowd
Notable Dates In Oar First Year
At War With The Central Powers
March 21 Proclamation by president eelting extra amnion
April 3 Congress convenes pursuant to president's mntons.
April 2 President addresses congress catling for war oa Germany.
April 4 Senate adopts war resolution.
April 6 House concurs in war resolution. President signs it infrriistrlT
and proclaims war.
April 24. President signs bill authorizing first Liberty jobub and
loans to the allies.
Mav 1 French mission received by house.
May 3 Senate receives French mission. t
Msy 5 British mission received by house.
May 8 Senate receives British mission.
May 18 President signs draft law.
June 15 President signs espionage bill.
June 1 j "President signs $3281000000 urgent deficiency bill up to that
time the largest appropriation bill in the world.
July 24 President signs $840000000 aircraft bill.
August 10 President signs rood survey and food control bills.
October 6 President signs trading with the enemy act.
October 6 President signs record-breaking $8900000000 urgent de-
October i Congress adjourns until December 3.
December Congress reconvenes.
December 4 President addresses congress urging war un Austria.
January 4 President addresses congress oa goerument control of the
railroads during the war.
January S President addresses congress outlining terms of peace.
February 11 President addreaaes congress restating war objectives.
threatening to shoot If the officers
. Kneels and Frays.
One mile west of the citv. the rone
by which Piaajei had been led was
thrown over the limb of a tree. He
warn aakad If he had anything to sav.
Hla aaswai was to drop tosiita knees
and with arms crossed prdred in Ger-
man for three minutes. Without an-
other word he was pulled into the air
ten feet and allowed to hang. The mcb
The noHce said that Praa-er. while
in their caatody. had declared he was
a registered enemy alien that he was
born In Germany Irat that he had
taken out his first naturalisation pa-
pers and had hoped to become an
Collinsville is 12 miles east of Pi
Louis and is in that section of south-
western Illinois that of late has been
active against alleged disloyalists.
Senda Note to Parents.
Before the rope waa placed about
his neck. Prager wrote the followtns;
note la German:
"Dear Parents. Carl Henry Prager.
Dresden. Germany: I must on this the
fourth day of April. 1918. die. Please
pray for me. my dear parents. This is
my last letter and testament.
"Your dear son and brother.
"Robert Paul Prager."
In PrageVs pocket was found a lorn;
"proclamation in which he stated his
loyalty to the United States and to
union labor and told of his difficulty
in entering the miners' union.
Prager yesterday afternoon put up
posters at the Maryville mine pro-
clalmfng his loyalty to the govern -ment.
When the miners left the work-
ings they were incensed by these
proclamations and began to hunt for
GERMAN LUTHERAN PREACHER
IS CHARGED WITH SEDITION
Menominee. Mich April 5. Rev. C.
H. Auerswald pastor of the German
Lutheran church here was arrested
yesterday charged with making sedi-
tious remarks. The arrest of ReT.
Auerswald ia the fifth this week on
the charge of disloyalty and making
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Slater, H. D. El Paso Herald (El Paso, Tex.), Ed. 1, Friday, April 5, 1918, newspaper, April 5, 1918; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143600/m1/1/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .