El Paso Herald (El Paso, Tex.), Ed. 1, Monday, June 30, 1919 Page: 2 of 10
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1EVEALS AT INQUIRY
Plenty of Material Left Over From the War But It Is
Scattered; Gen. Mitchell Points Out Need of Air
craft to Assist Army and Navy in Coast Defence
and Pleads for Separate Aero Department.
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
U rASHINCJTON. June 50. Testimony
VV before the senate military Affairs
commutes on the aircraft situation in
the United States today has Just be
come available and It shows that
r-Mle America bas plenty of equip-
ment left over from the European
war. service squadrons have not yet
been organized either for defence on
'he Mexican border or elsewhere.
Tbe senate committee which Is pre-
sided over by senator James W.
Wadsworth of Now York. Republican.
-.ught enlightenment from several
aviation officials among them Brig:
len. William Mitchell who Is in
' charge of aviation operations in the
ar department todav. He bad the
iistlncUon of commanding the whole
American mixtion service In the bt
Salhiel drive. Jt was the biggest
aerial concentration on the western
'ront. no less than 150 planes being
sent into action.
Resnlr of "War Policy.
Whit Gen. Mitchell .Says Is of im-
i nrtance becanse It represents an in.
ntory of aviation conditions in the
rmted States today by the highest
firing officer of the American expe-
t the outset. Gen. Mitchell ex-
plains why today's state of affairs Is
to som extent the result of unavold.
able policy during the war.
"The United States." he said "was
psed during the war as a reservoir for
personnel and material to be sent to
Europe. Kverythmg here was de-
signed with a view to instructing per.
sonnel. and with a view to producing
material or arious Kinas to eena iu
ru rope so when I came back here.
nd when Gen. Menoher came back
mere were no service squadrons ex-
isting In this country nor were there
any servT e airplanes so as things
stand we have nothing ready to bo to
war with. . .
As a matter of fact what really
ae we gt""' inquired senator Har.
rv s. New of Indiana.
" "We have training equipment sena-
tor training equipment" was the re.
o Sew Squadrons.
General where would you be to-
day if you were called upon to put
-ups Into service asked senator
Wp can not put any In service he--ause
we have not gt the organiza-
tion nor the machines to put them
nto service on a nssls fit to cope
cith a nation equipped with a good
-Hn en't you some aero squadronsT"
No sir we have not"
-Vore on paper?" .
No sprvW units. We are Just go.
njr ahead and trying to get men and
mat-rial to train and organise them.
-Gen. Man tenllflrd that he
had in nero squadron at least on
paper." mid senator Morris Snep-
TODD FJJOTECTOCRAFH SALES CO.
Sheldon Ilstel Bids
none El raso. Texas.
The one on paper Is a project
we have no aervJce squadron."
"You mean f snptiose general
the outllnef remarked senator
SheppariX. and then senator New
Interrupted with the comment
that "a paper Kqnadron would not
be very formidable."
"Here Is the thing." continued Oen.
Mitchell by way of explanation- "The
army is being demobilized and the
great question is to get hack on a
voluntary basis. We have now about
090 men who have enlisted for the
new army. These men have to be as-
signed and trained." v
"We were getting a good air service
developed during the war" said sena-
tor Charles S. Thomas of Colorado.
De naiiland Only Flane.
"The material Is being saved" ex-
plained Gen. Mitchell. "The only thing
we have in this country In the way of
airplanes Is the De Haviland plane
with the Liberty motor For work In
this country and in Mexico we can
use It until we get something better "
Is it desirable to get something
"Tes; Just as soon as we can get It"
"Now. other branches of the army."
Insisted senator Wadsworth. "have
managed to survive the process of de-
mobilization such as the Infantry
regiments artillery regiments and
cavalry regiments. Why could you
not .have managed the same way with
the airplane squadrons?"
Tn hs ! -- nl Mnilnr"
plied-Gen. Mitchell "when you bring!
tnetn pack to tne unitea states
"We have no organization then?"
Interrupted senator New.
"The necessities for demobiliza-
tion." was the answer "were so great
that thesa men had to be gotten rid
of. that is to say. the personnel be
for new ones were -organized. That
Is the only way we can account for
It. This question came up oexore x
ftnmA hark htlf MfiTT effort Is nOW
being made to get the personnel and
organize them according to thepro-
ject wmcn nas Decn Buwaijiiey.
nnnd On Schools.
"What would you do" asked sena-
tor Wadsworth. "If you got an order
to put a squadron in tne service.'
"if it was for the Mexican service.
we would go to the schools that are
down In that neighborhood and take
anything we could get It would be
something similar to what the squad-
ron was that was sent there before.
"Do you mean to say we have not.
so far as possessing means of fight-
ing the air that that Is all we could
"The personnel which has been
trained as a result of the war Is
tarirnlv- scattered throughout the
vim rnwinrncfmmt Given.
"We have a wonderful basis of per-
oneal returning from Europe tut
i. . v rt n hnTnft ton irreat ma'
Jorlty of them would not stay In the
service because It looked like a hope-
less future for them as very little
npnnnmnt for an air service of
any Importance In the near future Was
) . .... M
n Mitchell discussed In a very In
trestme war. Incidentally the use
of airplanes to protect the "United
States against attack by hostile var-
I have been Investigating Jhe
work along the coast from the
standpoint of coast defence. We
can organlie aviation to be used
against nn nttatklng navy In
combination with oor land de-
fences so thnt their chance of
Bolshevik War Minister Or-
ders Kronstadt Fortress
Be Blown Up.
Helsingfors. Finland June SO. The
evacuation of Petrograd by the Bol-
ahevlkl Is progressing hastily accord
ing to recent decrees of the. Bolshevik
government received here. War min-
uter Trotzky has ordered that the
fortress of Kronstadt he blown up and
that the bridges and railway stations
in Petrograd be destroyed before the
last troops withdraw.
4 TROOP SHIPS !
Is a Real Liie Offering to
Young Men and Young Fellows
( with mens size feel)
A Dark Brown Calf Oxford
the popular "Cordovan" shade-1-" flat Eng-
lish last blind eyelets flat heels in all a
dressy stylish serviceable Shoe that is sure
lo please the young men and hig boys
"Tuesday Special"... $4.9 5
a most unusual value tin these times of high
yl cjsiati ft ma's
Agents Edrvin Clapp
Shoes for Men. Send for
Lalrd-Scholer Shoes for
cither demolishing enr forts or
enabling n force to land will be
lirartir&Ilr out of the anestlon.
They cannot conceal themselves are
very easy to attack and. of course com-
paratvely slow of speed take for In.
stance the areas which have to be de-
fended on tbe east coast the Boston
area the New Tork area Delaware
area and Chesapeake bay area. We
can concentrate aircraft in any one
of these localities from any slace on
the Atlantic seaboard in this area In
SO hours If we have an organization
fit for service.
"1 believe today If you equip an
air service aaequateiy ana to com
bine it with your land forces in case
of an attack against the coast by a
hostile navy convoying an army or a
navy aione. mat you win get more
out of it from the air service than you
will from anything elseln proportion
to the financial and personnel In
vestment made. They cannot get
away from you. With any kind of
visiouity you can see tnera tor mites.
"I believe that even In a heavy
fog. with a dirigible and everything
quiet on the dlrlg!bleyou can hear
them. Ton can alwavs manage a diri
gible In anv kind of weather outside
of a hurricane. Tour directional wire
leas locates you every time. The com.
bination of heavier than air craft and
lighter than air craft working to-
gether tactically Is a very difficult
tntng to get around.""
Gen. Mitchell pointed out that while
some excellent equipment was avail
able. It was scattered In all parts of
the United States.
"In France." he declared "von can
send an automobile and .get things
from one end of the country to an-
other but in a country as large as
this they should he concentrated at
convenient 'points. But with hundreds
of miles separating the stations. It is
almost Impossible to keep any llason.
This country during the war was used
to send things to Europe where they
were brought together or organized
into the units for use. They sent
machine shop trucks from one place
guns from another airplanes from
another motors from another to
France. Now we must get all these
things under one division. In other
words-we should aim to get tactical
units whereas we have Instruction
Can Be Used On Border.
"What are you going to do with all
those De Havllandsr" asked senator
Sutherland of West "Virginia.
"I think." replied Gen. Mitchell
"they can be used for school purposes
and the purposes along the Mexican
"If they are dangerous should they
"The principal trouble was as a
service plane in Europe. The Liberty
motor Is a good motor at a low alti-
tude but the plane was especially
bad on account of Its gas tank not be-
ing protected from fire caused by hul.
lets and the fact that the pilot and
observer are too far apart. For those
reasons It was not a good ship. It
was not a good day bombardment ship
nor a good observation place It was
an old type and none of us liked it."
"Well did you send any over the
front at all?" asked senator Thomas
"Yes. we had II squadrons the day
the armistice was signed. We worked
with them all the time."
"Ton had 11 squadrons?"
"Tes. we had 1SS ships In those 11
squadrons on the day of the armis-
tice." "What was the biggest aerial con-
centration In any operation of the
"The largest concentration was In
the St. Mlhiel operation. That was
the biggest air concentration ever had
on tbe western front about 1500
"That was under your command?"
"What percentage was American?"
"We had about 55 ships there."
"Tes manned by Americans."
"Did you lose heavily la that at-
tack?" Xrfist Heavily In Argonne.
"No. but later we lost very heavily
Negligee with or with-
out collars. French
cuffs plain and striped.
Walk a Block and Save the
The Berg Co.
304 E. Overland St.
Levy Grocery Company lssj; Bliiek
ASK FOR and GET
I'hone SOS and SOS
4IS-4Z0 Ea.t San Antonio St.
If yon intend to take a vacation bay your wants from as. We snip to
THIS WEEK SPECIALS
Hominy Grits pkg. 13c
Pearl Hominy jkg. il3c
Wheat Bran pkg. 13c
Crtam Meal pkg. .13c
Corn Flakes pkg. 9c
La PerlaBeer . .15c
Bevoe Beer 15c
White Rock Gfagerale 18c
Oicqnot Club ISc
Gal. Gder $1.25
Tot Infants and Invalids
Avoid Imitations and Sabttitate
24 Lbs. VICTORY FLOUR (This Week Only) $1.40
5 Lbs. CALIFORNIA SPUDS (New) $ .25
THE WHITE BOOTERY
103 !sn Jacinto St.
2920 Come on One; 1730 on
Another; 437 and 13 Are
Aboard Two Others.
New York June JO. The transport
Steuben arrived here today from Brest
with SvSO troops. Including; a large de-
tachment of the 13 9th Infantry 85th
division which was recently with-
drawn from Archangel. Russia.
The transport Infanta Isabels ar-
rived from Bordeaux with 1730 troops
and the yacht Approdlte came in with
as casual officers from Brest.
The French liner La Lorraine from
Havre with 437 casual troops on
board arrived early today. They are
from New Jersey. Oklahoma Arkan-
sas Tennessee Georpia Ohio Vir-
ginia North and South Carolina In-
diana Texas. New York Missouri Illi-
nois. West Virginia and Iowa.
Gen. II. G. Bl.hop Itetnrns.
Other units on the von Steuben were
detachments of company B. 524th en-
gineers company G Stth engineers;
37th depot 'service company; casual
companies organized from men llyinz
In Arkansas and scattered mints and
discharged soldiers. Brig- Gen. Henry
G. Bishop was among the retnrnlng
On board the Infanta lsabela were
detachments of tbe following units:
Three hundred and thirty ninth butch-
ery company eighth army service
corps band; fifth camp hospital; 25th
depot service company 834th 855th.
661st 862nd and 8C7th companies
transportation corps; 113th supply
train headquarters detachment and
companies A to F inclusive and scat-
sans to san. "Sr f&
Li Paso ti
in the Argonne. Ve were Just begin.-
ning to get our system going well
when the armistice was signed. What
we need is a system." -Gen.
Mitchell concluded with a plea
for an Independent aero- service de-1
penaenr neitner on tne army nor toe
navy for supplies but organized as a
unit for national defence.
America has excellent material bnt
today it is disorganized and scattered.
That is why congress today more than
ever Is responsible for the future of
aviation. (Copyright 1919 by the New
Tork Evening Post).
U. S. Airman Killed As
He Spreads Tidings Of
Peace To Fellow Troops
Coblenz Germany June SO. (By
The Associated Press). Capt. Walter
Schultz of Chicago. 111. a member of
the 138th aero squadron was killed
Saturday evening when an airplane in
which he was distributing an extra
edition of the Amaroc News the sol-
diers' daily newspsper. announcing
the details of the signing of the treaty
of peace fell near the headquarters
of the First division.
RULES ISSUED BY YANKS IN
OCCUPIED AREA CONTINUES
Colbenz. Germany. June 30. fBy the
Associated Press). The rules and
regulations issued by the authorities
of the army of occupation soon after
entering Germany last December will
continue In effect indefinitely ac-
cording to an announcement from
Third army neaaqnarters.
This action Is taken as a precaution
many civilians appearing to take It
for granted that the army regulations
had been automatically annuled by
the signing of the peace treaty.
ENSIGN COLDWELL LEAVES
TO BOARD SHIP AT NEW YORK
Ensign Harold Coldwelt U. S. navy
left Sunday for New Tork City where
ha win reoort for dnty aboard the
U. S. cruiser Frederick now in New
lorK harbor ensign (joiaweu was
graduated from the U. S. naval acade-
my at Annanolls June 6. and has been
spending a short leave of absence with
nis xatner judge . Jl uomweu. at
their home on Los Angeles street.
Miss Hulia Coldwell accomnanied
her brother to New Tork City where
she will visit her brothers. Ma. Philip
Coldwell and Capt Hugh Coldwell
until September l.
NEW MEXICO ARTILLERYMEN
ARRIVE AT FORT BLISS
A detachment of troon?. formerly
composing1 one of the batteries of the
First field artillery. New Mexico na-
tional fTU&rd has reached the demobi-
lization center at Fort Bliss and is
now In process of demobilization. The
units is one of the oldest and most
historic New Mexico national guard
organizations fcavlnc: been created be-:
for New Mexico won statehood.
The detachment served in France
and saw service In several major op
erations. The artillerymen were in
France for more than a year.
MERTON STEVENSON RETURNS
FROM SERVICE IN FRANCE
llerton Stevenson an El Paso boy
who has been stationed overseas with
the 20th engineers for a considerable
time has landed at Newport News
Va and is now enroute to El Paso
according to word received by his
mother. Mrs. Fay Stevenson 90S East
Missouri street. Toung Stevenson
volunteered shortly after the out-
break of the war and was cent over-
seas. He will be discharged at Camp
Bowie ort worth.
KIENLE RETURNS TO EL PASO;
WAS IN TWO BIG OFFENSIVES;
Harry A. Klenl'e. son of Mrs. Emil
Klenle Orchard Park 24 Martinez
place has returned to El Paso from
Camp Bowie where he was discharged
on June Za. He was In the 315th field
signal battalions and was in service a
year and eight months. ' He was on
the front continuously from August!
16 1918 nntlt the armistice was sign-
ed. He took part In the St Mlchlet
and Meuse Argonne offensives.
Washington. r. C June 30. Second
Lieut. Roy C. S. Park band leader.
S3ri field artillery. Is ordered to the
i J Avtu&.oa. aim. w)(U
Hemer 1L Hacker quartermaster
corps. Is ordered to El Paso to report
to tne zone supply oincer. capt. Mel-
vln CL Barnes engineers camp. Is or
dered to Humphreys to the Ninth en
gineers at camp uourchesne. second
Lieut. Carroll G. Vanark cavalry. Is
ordered from Fort Bliss to Whlnple
TEXAN AWARD nD D. S. C.
Washington D. C June 0. Awards
of the distinguished service cross to
the following were announced yester-
day: Capt. Robert A. Griffin San Jose
Calif.: James B. Austin deceased.
Omaha Neb.: Thomas t. Barton. Saint
Jo. Tex.: Pvts. Austin Gates. Drum-
mond. Mont.; Don Greene Eldorado
Soldiers' and SaUors
I Compiled by the War Camp Com-
!! munltv Service.
A Medicine That lx Especially Pre-
pared For Jnt One Thing
Just try one bottle of LAX-FOS WITH
PEPSIN for Habitual Constipation.
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Ds The System
Take the Old Standard GROVE'S
TASTELESS chill TONIC. Tou know
what you are taking as the formula
is printed on every label showing it Is
I Quinine and Iron in n tasteless form.
T e ii ifiin rtrH.s .ur t!.e malaria.
i t ti ml(s np the sstem. 6' I
tl - -Iv i
The Standard Stores and Markets are gaining many new customers daily owing to the fact that ice are
selling great quantities of Fresh Fruits Fresh Vegetables Fresh Meals and Fresh Groceries at prices much
lower than those asfed by other El Paso Stores.
The Business of our Chain of Stores has increased with leaps and bounds and has now reached the volume
which enables us to buy in great quantities at very low prices which enables us
That We are now opening Weekly and Thirty Day Charge Accqunfs with responsible parlies and that all
'charges will be the same as cash prices. ' .
To supply you with the "Freshest and Best" Foods that the marvels of Ihe country afford at the lowest'
possible prices and render you prompt courteous service.
We deliver Free of Charge your orders for $1.00 or over.
Make application for Charge Account to' the Manager of Standard Store 'nearest to you.
Start trading with a Standard Store Tomorrow July 1st.
Your account will be appreciated.
Standard Stores & Markets
"One In Your Neighborhood33
" SPECIAL NOTICE-We are unloading another car of those wonderfully sWfet Imperial Valley Canta-
loupes today We are selling them at very low prices "Buy them by the dozen."
AX FARLET private. El Paso en--tered
service May It 1918. at El
Paso; discharged June 21 1919;
service In A. E. F. from July 7 1918
to Jnne 1919 battles Mense-Ar-gonne.
Champagne October 1918:
character excellent; no A. W. O. L.
Emllo R Harrison private. El Paso
entered service May St. 191T. at Silver
City N. M.; discharged May 8 1919;
service In A. E. F. from August 8
1918 to April 25. 1919: battlse. Tprea-
Lye October 31-Nov. 4. 1918; Tpres-
Lyo. Nov. S-IL 1918; character excel-
lent. H. P. Pondero. first sergeant. El
Paso entered service October 8. 1917
at El Paso discharged January 21
119; 56th field artillery; character
TRANSPORT FINLAND BRINGS
3545 -SOLDIERS TO BOSTON
Boston Mass Jane 30. The trans-
port Finland with 3515 troops and it
civilian employes of the war depart-
ment arrived today from Brest. On
board were the Third -cavalry; battery
B of the Third field artillery: bat-
teries A and B and headquarters com-
pany of the 78th field artillery; 318th
and 112th engineer train; a detach-
ment of the 64th Infantry; Seventh
army corps sanitary train: headquar-
ters field hospitals No. 1S3 to No. 156.
with ambulance companies U3 to 155;
ilSth motor transport supply train:
headquarters motor transport com-
panies 89 471 372 273: company B.
Sixth supply train and nine casual
companies from Brest and St. Ignaln.
can be controlled more quickly with
GROVES BABY BOWEL MEDICTNK
and It Is absolutely harmless. Just as
effective for adults as for children.
Price 30c. Adv.
MINISTER SAYS ARMY TURNS
WEAKLINGS INTO REAL HEN I
The value ct the arm) as a training
school for civil life was emnhaslzed
by the Rev. F. 3L Johnsonjr In a re
cruiting address oeuverea at t.ieva-
land square Saturday evening. The
speaker urged young Americans to
enlist in the army both from & pa-
triotic and educational viewpoint. He
declared that no better opportunity is
offered the young man of today to
learn a trade than three years spent in
the United States navy.
"See the world and learn a trade at
the same time is tbe newest motto of
the army" Ur. Johnson said. The
speaker further asserted that the
array would give young men vim and
igor and the willpower to face any
obstacle. "The army makes a heman
out of weaklings ne declared.
Mr. Johnson served In the navy dur-
Ing the recent war having received
nis discharge only a short time ago.
Music was furnished by the Seventh
cavalry band. A large crowd wa's out
to hear the music and the recruiting
MEN FROM A.e7f. TO TAKE -'
. PART IN U.S. RIFLE MATCHES
Washington X. C. June 30. Among
the competitors at the national
matches In the government marks-
manship contests to he held on the
navy range at Caldwell N. J from
August 4 to 29. will be a team of
riflemen selected from the American
expeditionary forces. Fresh from par
ticipation In warfare ana . in tne
A. H. F. and Interallied competitions at
at Lemans they will represent 'the '
actual service riflemen at their best.
The decision of the war department
to authorize the attendance of repre-
sentatives of the A. K. F. was In lln
With a recommendation from Gen.
Pershing. A regular team of 17 mem-
bers and a number of Individual com
petltors will represent- the overseas
Do You Remember
Old Bock Beer Days
I am sure you do. Well you know it is only a memory now. Things have
changed you know.
Key Rate Charley and a bunch of good fellows are going over to Peace
Grove to celebrate the glorious Four h of July. We are not guaranteeing
the condition in which they will return. Unless you are a fireman or the friend
of a fireman you can't go along but we will telLyou what you can do.
The Agricultural Department has set aside July first as
You might as well commence to celebrate on Tuesday. . There is no
doubt that in the future Buttermilk will become the great National drink.
The Agricultural Department in its circular recommending Buttermilk
says regarding its
"Aside from its food and beverage qualities Buttermilk is said to posses
medicinal qualities. Many physicians prescribe it in the treatment of certain
intestinal disorders. The bacteria that bnngs about the chemical change by
j which Buttermilk is produced is believed by many physicians and bacterid
LARGE CROWD GATHERS TO
HEAR FIFTH CAVALRY CONCERT
A large crowd heard the concert
given at the Fort Bliss band stand by
the Fifth cavalry band Sunday night.
Hundreds of automobiles lined around
the band stand and scores of them
blew their horns to help make the ap-
plause after each selection. The street
cars to and from Fort Bliss for an
hour before and after the concert
Operatic selections and marches
formed the major part of the pro-
gram. Tbe march "Captain Ander-
son." dedicated to Col E. Anderson
former commander of the Fifth cav-
olny proved a pleasing opening num-
oer. xne rendition ot tnis march was
made mors complete by the assistance
of the Fifth cavalry bugle corps.
Sergt. Harry Fleck acting band
leader directed the concert.
Clarence Carpenter company JL
360th Infantry returned Friday to
his home at 715 East Rio Grande
street after being overseas for one
year. mt. iarpenter aisemDarkeo: in
France on June c 1918. and spent six
months In Germany In the vicinity of
Coblenz. He received his discharge at
Camp Travis June L
gists to destroy certain other organisms that in the human body tend to hasten
senility. Many prominent men drink Buttermilk regularly as a tonic One
of the most widely known lecturers and writers in the United States drinks
Buttermilk as regularly as he brushes his teeth and declares that .he feels
himself getting younger with erery glassful."
Put in your orders early for abundant Buttermilk to carry you over.
BUTTERMILK DAY JULY FIRST
Ei Paso Dairy
423 N. Oregon St.
in the level with everybody Dr. s
Snath. Dentist. 518 Martin Bldg.- Adv ijmiiLmmiiiMnmimnmffinnMiffliMinm
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Slater, H. D. El Paso Herald (El Paso, Tex.), Ed. 1, Monday, June 30, 1919, newspaper, June 30, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143714/m1/2/: accessed June 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .