El Paso Herald (El Paso, Tex.), Ed. 1, Monday, August 18, 1919 Page: 1 of 14
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Men can bank notes state bills 630c; pesos old
84c; new 45c; Mexican gold. 50c; narionales 25c;
bar silver H. & H. qnotation S1.12H; copper 23
24c; grains lower; livestock lower; stocks irregular.
El Paso and vicinity partly cloudy; Hew Mexico
generally fair little change in temperature; Arizona
fair temperatnre unchanged.
LATEST NEWS BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
DELIVERED ANYWHERE. !0e MONTH
EL PASO. TEXAS MONDAY EVENING. AUGUST I8 19I9.
14 PAGES TODAY
SINGLE COPT FIVE CENTS
TO SAVE AVI
Explosion in Oakview Property of Oakdale Coal Com-
pany in Huerfano County Menaces Lives of Two
Score Employes; Calls for Helmet Men and Ees-
cue Gangs Sent to Mines in Other Districts.
TRINIDAD Colo. Aug. 18. Forty coal miners are entombed by an
explosion in the Oakview mine of the Oakdale Coal company near
Laveta Colo. in Huerfano county according to reports reaching here early
Calls for helmet men and rescue gangs have been sent out to mines in
the Walsenburg and Trinidad districts.
TWO BODIES ALREADY RECOVERED.
Denver Colo. Aug. 18. Two
Oakview mine near Laveta Colo. and at least 25 men still are believed to
be entombed according to a message received by the Oakdale Coal company
here this afternoon. These men are believed to have perished. A gas ex
plosion is believed to have caused the
ID EXPERTS SEE IRIS
RESULT OF SHANTUNG DECISION
I TASHINGTOK. D. C Aug:
VI i- i i-i
. . . A.-
American experts on far eastern at-
fairs at Versailles that war must re-;
suit from the-peace treaty provision
giving' Japan control In the Chinese
province of Shantung the senate for-
eign relations committee was told to-
day by Thomas F. Millard an Ameri-
can writer who was attached to the
Chinese peace delegation.
Because the United States ktoy-
erxunent Intimated It would be In-
expedient CI. In a refrained from
raising "certain qnestfsns" at tbe
peace conference Mr. Millard tes-
tified. He said he ffot his Information
on the subject from tbe Chinese
delegates .Thorn be advised un-
officially." He did not so fnt
details about tbe questions China
might have raised. He said how
- vcra that some Chinese officials
wanted to employ two American
international lawyers as advisers
bnt did not do so because tbe
tnlted States Indicated it wocld
not favor such a plan
While his expenses were paid by
the Chinese. Mr. Millard said he had
no salary but simply pave unofficial
advice asked for by the Chinese dele-
gates because of his familiarity with
for eastern affairs.
Concluding a detailed story of the
Shantung negotiations which he said
came directly from delegates to the
conference. Mr. Millard said:
China Loses Oat entirely.
"In my opinion if a marplot had
set out deliberately to put China in
ah embarrassing position the outcome
could not have been more unfortun-
ate. China has lost out entirely on
her Shantung claim. By reason of
advice given her by the United States
she did not raise at ail other questions
in which she was interested. And by
reason of her refusal to sign the
treaty under those circumstances she
is completely isolated.
"When Prof. E. T. Williams for
years head of the state department
division of far eastern affairs beard
of the Shantung agreement he said.
Six Bodies Of Babies Hauled Away
From Building Occupied As Offices
By Doctors And Thrown In Garbage
KANSAS CITY Mo Aug. 18. The
bodies of six babies on. of them
four months' old .the other new born
were discovered here in a damp heap
at First street and Guinotte avenue.
Two of the bodies were mntiliated.
The discovery was made by persons
of the neighborhood who were rum-
maging among the trash in the heap.
Harrison King it years old. 918
Woodland avenue was arrested. He
Fate Sends 4-Year Old Boy To Prison
For Shooting In Which He's Guiltless
Favorable Senate Report
on Attorney General's
Washington. D. C Ang. 18. The
senate judiciary committee today or-
Sered favorably reported to the senate
the nomination of A Mitchell Palmer
as attorney general.
FIREMAN IS STABBED WHEN
HE FINDS BURGLAR IN HOME
C. C. Hackley of 1408 Myrtle ave-
nue a fireman at fire station number
three was cut twice over the heart
and once on the left arm Saturday
night about 11 oclock when he found
a burglar in his home on returning
there from work After he had
taken about three steps inside tbe
room he was met m the dark by the
burglar who cut him thee times with
a long bladed knife and after push-
ing Hackley off made his escape
through the open window. Police are
investigating the case.
bodies have been recovered from the
I This means war" and every American
(expert there felt the same way. I
ihave heard but do not know whether
lt is true that Gen. Bliss's letter to
the president on the subject contained
a statement to the same effect.'
Mr. 311 1 lard declared the orig-
inal acquisition of German rights
in Shantnnc irns largely responsi-
ble for the liny open door policy
and was one of tbe Indirect causes
of tbe Russo-Japanese war. The
German rights were acquired he
said with the secret assent of the
former Hessian czar.
In the event of China's rupture of
arpiomauc relations wjtn uermany.
Mr. Millard said. China tried to get
guarantees from the allies that the in-
tegrity of Chinese territory would be
protected at the peace table. Unable
to get more than a "negative" reply.;
the witness said the Chinese foreign !
office appealed to American minister
Reinsch at Peking.
China Toole Advice of U. S.
Ai that ttaatk lutnrer. Pacific cable
communication was interrupted and
for several days Mr. Reinsch could not
get word from Washington.
Dr. Keinsch told the Chinese for
eign office however" continued Mr.
Jiinara. -mat he reit justified in say-
ing that China could count on the
diplomatic support of the United
states in seeing that c&ina's rights
were protected in the peace confer-
ence. China then broke off relations
on the advice of the United States."
The Lanslng-Isbii agreement of
1017 the -witness said was con-
cluded without the knowledge of
China. When the text ns sent
from Toklo was made public In
Pelting he said the clause by
which the United States recog-
nized Japan's 'special interest" In
China was translated? Into both
Japanese and Chinese "In a way
to amount to a recognition of
Japan paramount Interest In
"Japan stuck to her interpretation
and we stuck to ours." continued the
witness "and there the matter has
stood. China threw up her hands and
said 'the United States will not back
up and we must do the best we
said he was told Monday afternoon
to go to the office suite occupied by
several physicians get the packages
and take them to the trash pile. He
met with an accident he said and
continued the trio Tuesday. King
said he had taken other similar pack-
ages from the address to the same
place. He denied knowing anything
of the contents of the packages and
Dr. J. S. Snider deputy coroner said
an inquest would be lmd. The bodies
found were of white children.
TUAN LARA. 4208 Alaroogordo street
iJ died in a local hospital Monday as
the result of a bullet wound In his
Mrs. Lara widow of the dead man.
Is in jail charged with murder as the
resultjOf a shooting affray at tbe Lara
home about 4:30 oclock Monday morn-
ing. In Jail with Mrs. Lara Is her four-year-old
son Antonio. Little Anto-
nio although he does not know what
it Is all about. Is loeked up In jail at
his mother's request because there is
no place else for htm to stay.
Police captain W. A. Simpson police
sergeant S. C. Houston and policemen
W. C Woolverton and Earl Smith
were called to the Alamogordo street
address shortly after 4:36 oclock and
on arriving there found the husband
shot and tbe woman In possession of
a .33 -caliber pistol they allege. She
refused to make a statement fb them
according to their report to headquar-
ters. The man was rushed to the
emergency hospital at the police sta-
tion where he was' found to be In a
very serious condition by police sur-
geon John Hardy who ordered him
removed to the other hospital Lara
was shot three times.
Of Cavalrv Should
PUT PROFITEERS:?"' wf
Ailomey General Promises
In Food Cases.
OFFICIALS TO WORK
WITH LOCAL MEN
Fair Price Comillees To Be
Established In All
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
WASHINGTON D. C Aug. 18.
Criminal as well as civil pro-
ceedings are to be begun by attor-
ney general Palmer to red nee the
high cost of living. An effort
will be made to secure Jail sen-
tences for the men who have been
operating in restraint of trade
and violation of the Sherman tntl-
tmst act and profiteering hoard-
Thus far the announcement con
cerning prosecutions have conveyed
the impression that only civil pro
ceedings would he Instituted and that
the department of Justice would be
satisfied with having stopped unfair
trade practices Dut tne aiiorney gen-
eral means to go tbe limit under the
criminal Drovislons of the law and. if
he can persuade the federal courts to
see It his way. some men will not es-
cape with the mere payment of fines
but will be compelled to serve time.
I'eopie Are Uongeo.
This drastic policy follows the dis
covery of evidence that the American
people have been gouged by profiteers
who have made comDinauons ana
nrice agreements In defiance of exist
ing law. To impose fines would mean
an infinitesmal subtraction from
profits and might not have a suf-
ficiently deterrent effect so tbe at-
torney general presumably at the
direction of president Wilson has de-
cided to enter the criminal courts in
an effort to relieve the public of
economic burdens uniawzuiiy imposea
31 ore Law Needed.
Just which trusts or associations of
D rod u cera will be charred with viola.
tlons of the Sherman law and wtifeh
will be reported under civil or crlml-
ar&Xatutes ejRTinot be announced but
the department of justice Is preparing
cases against dealers wholesale and
retail and as soon as more law is
obtained from congress it will be pos-
sible to proceed not merely against
food dealers but those who handle
wearing appareL Although the at-
torney creneral has already Indicated
that he would get after the cement
trust and thereby help to relieve the
deadlork In the building situation
throughout the country which affects
the cost of living throueb high rents.
the main campaign will be directed
atrainst dealers in food and cloth Inc.
the two biggest items on the family
Get tine Results.
Alreadv officials here think they
see "beneficial results though to be
sure tney xranKir admit mucn less
is to be gained through prosecution
than through the fair "price commit-
tees which are being established
throughout the countrv fav state and
countv food administrators. On these
omraittees are reoresentatlves of la-
bor of the housewives of wholesVrs.
of retailers and of the nubile. Thev
are voluntary committees who wll'
sav what constitutes a fair orlee In
each community for food an wearing
apparei. uanv or tne committees win
have th benefit of e-merlence gained
bv similar undertakings whn the
food administration bd Its eloon."1
organization at work In evry city
and town In the countrv. The 'm-
nortanre of these fair nrlce commit-
tees lies In the fact thit when pros-
ecutions are hegnn the ftn-Mn-s t the
foresaid committers will he taken
Into court as a basis for action.
Whenever stat authorities have a1-
readv begun to declare fMr oricft. s
in Vasau setts Marvtand. Okla-
homa Mich! nan and elsewhere thp
eeral authorities will endeavor to
M-lnsr about harmonious cooperation
with state agencies.
No More Licenses.
TTntll concTs ats the clans of the
department of tustlce are somewhat
in abevanee CurlouMv enough tfcpr
Is no penalty on the state honks
afnt TroflterIner In food. "Oiirin-
(Continued on pace 7 column 4.)
Rumania Defies Paris Mapmakers
And Satisfies Her Age-Old Hate
In Budapest; Who Will Oust Her?
EW YORK Aug1. 18. The arrive-
of Rumanian troops In Buda Pea1
has produced one more of those kajei-
descoplc changes In southeastern Eu-
rope of which there have been so
many In the years that separate the
first Balkan war from the latest in-
cidents along the Danube.
Before discussing this new develop-
ment It Is perhaps Instructive to re-
view for a moment the several shifts
which have taken place In several
years. In the summer of 1912 Ger-
many. Austria and Italy were as they
had been for almost a generation
united In that association which un-
der the title of the Triple Alliance
had dominated continental affairs
from the morrow of the congress of
To this alliance Rumania was bound
by treaty and with it Turkey was as-
sociated by something approximating
an Informal engagement. Already
however an Italian attack upon Tur-
key the ally of Italy's German and
Australian allies had provoked bit-
terness In Berlin and Vienna and was.
In fact the first step in the general
dissolution of the alliances.
The Flmt Balkan War.
Thus. In 1912 we have the Trlpoli-
tan war between Italy and Turkey.
Toward the Iose of the same year
while the Trlpolltan war was being
WASHINGTON D. O Aug. 18. In
a brief filed today with the for-
eign relations committee of the United
States senate Joseph W. Folk for-
merly governor of Missouri counsel
for the Egyptian commission charges
that "England under the guise of
protectorate over Egypt practically
has seized that country as a British
possession- that "In an annex to the
peace treaty the status of Egypt
would be made an 'internal question'
and beyond the Jurisdiction of the
council of the league of nations
which council the Egyptians desire to
pass upon the status of Egypt.
The document sets forth that
tbe original occupation of Egypt
by British troops beginning in
1SSZ was claimed by the British
government to be merely tem-
porary for the purposes of sup-
pressing rebels and collecting
debts due to Europeans. The
British government says Mr.
Folk pledged Egypt and the
world that this occupation would
be only temporary.
After civinz a resume of the nolltl.
cal history of modern Egypt and the
"alleged wrongs done in that country
to enforce British rule In the last sev-
eral decades." the brief recites the
story of "the killing of 800 and the
wounding of 1600 Egyptian natives
xast Apm m tne streets of their cities
while holding demonstrations for free-'
ODESSA POPULACE DRIVES Oil
. 'ids; id also flee kb
Bolsheviki Reported to Be
soviet trovernment at Moscow Decrees Admiral Jiol
chak and His Cabinet at Omsk to lie Outlaws
and Therefore Subject to Immediate Arrest.
LONDON. Eng. Ann. IS. The
Bolsheviki nave been driven
from Odessa by the popnlaee of
the city according to report re-
ceived by the British war office.
It Is reported also that the soviet
force are evacuating Kiev and
the entire Ukraine.
A HDeelarin Admiral Kolchak
and thl&aatMi TjMri-t at -OnMfc- to-UScr .capture. Kiev promising to. pay
. T. . . . i
be outlaws has been leaned by the
Germany Is Militarizing Police;
Force In Excess Of Army Allowed
By Peace Treaty Is Significant
COBLEXZ. German y Aug. 18. (By
the Associated Press.) Militari-
zation of German police contrary to
the terms of the treaty of peace has
already begun according to Informa-
tion reaching American authorities
In the city of Cassell the police were
recently completely organized on mili-
tary lines. It Is said.
The utimate size of the new mili-
tarized police organization has not
been announced. Americans studying
the demobilization and reorganization
of the German army say that the sig-
nificance of militarizing police in Ger-
manv Is exeat.
American officers have records of
an announcement that the Prussian
state government quite apart from
the national government control of
"Break the News to Mother"
"Chasing; Rain Beaux" Pa the
"The Unpardonable Sin."
"The Fall of Barbary Coast"
By FRANK H. SIM0NDS.
liquidated by the treaty of Lausanne
Bulgaria Servla and Greece heredit-
ary enemies since the coming of the
Slavs to the Balkan peninsula. IMned
hands and crushed Turkey.
A few months later early In 1913.
Rumania whose tar war had been
fought with Turkey In support of
Bulgaria joins hands with the Greeks
and the Servians and with the Turk
In depriving tbe Bulgars of most of
their conquests in tbe first Balkan
war. Thus the Greeks and Servians
in a few short months found them-
selves the' allies first of the Bulga-
rians against the Turks and then the
associates of the Turks against the
Bulgarians while Rumania the ally
of Germany and Austria sent her
armies against Burgarla which was
a secret ally of Austria Hungary and
had an Austrian sovereign.
Two years later. Bulgaria. In alli-
ance with Turkey as well as Austria
and Germany assailed Servla. and the
Greeks of ktng Constantino while of-
ficially neutral surrendered to the
Turks the province and fortress won
by the ktne in the war of 191 to en-
able the Bulgarians to complete the
destruction of Servla.
Join the Allies.
In the fall of the next year Ru-
mania followed the example of Italy
Be The ins wen To Bandit Demands For Ransom
dom under the self determination
clauses of the peace treaty."
Egyptians Fought For Allies.
Mr. Folk who was formerly solici-
tor for the state department and who
now represents the commission which
was named by the legislative assem-
bly of Egypt a majority of whom
were elected by the people he says
calls attention to the fact that
Egyptian troops numbering ons mil-
lion "fought on the side of tbe allies
to make as they believed the world
safe for democracy and for the right
of national self determination for all
Calls World Vast Jail
With George V King Of
England As lis Keeper
New Tork. Aug. 18. Frank P
Walsh chairman of the American
commission on Irish independence
characterizes the world as "a vas
Jail with king George V. of England
as Its keeper. In a statement issuer
nere today protesting against tne al-
leged acquiescence of the varlour
state departments in permitting Eng-
land to deny passports for their citi-
zens to travel in Great Britain and Its
possessions. He urged that a Join
secretariat be set up in the league o'
nations instead of having a single
secretariat "in the shadow of the
steeple of Westminster. The present
:orai or tne league compels genera
ympathy with the imperialistic am-
Dillons of England." he declares.
Evacuating Entire Ukraine;
soviet government according to a
wireless message from Moscow. The
admiral and the officers commanding
the forces of his government in Si-
beria are declared to be subject to Im-
L'branlans Ask Toles Aid.
Vienna Austria. Aug. U. (By the
Associated Press.) It has been re
ported that-thenojibglsbevilc Ukrain-
ians have'r3rftea'the:Po!- to help
them with crops nten tne Bolshevist
would get otherwUe.
the minister of the Interior and used
only for the repression of internal
disorders. These troops according to
the plan were to be quite apart and
in excess of the army permitted Ger-
many under the terms of the peace
A semiofficial announcement now-
ever states that lt is appreciated that
these troops are not permitted un-1
der the terms of the peace treaty but
the hose Is exnressed that the allies
will be "reasonable" and permit their
rmxer: FEISAL TO IIEAIJ
ARAB PEACE DELEGATION
Paris. France. Aug. 18. Prince Fol-
sai son or liissein Ben Ail. Kins ot
the HedMas will embark at Beiruth to
day to come to Paris and resume his
place at the head of tne Arab delega-
tion. He is dissatisfied with the set-
tlement of Syrian and Persian Ques-
tions according to the French press.
SHIP ASHORE WITH 11000
CZECHOSLOVAKS ON BOARD
Seattle Waslu. Aug. If. With 1100
wounded Czech o-Slovaks aboard tbe
United States shipping- board steamer
ueirron is asnore ore KOKuren Korea
strait cable advices received today
by the Pacific Steamship company
from Its a?ent at Kobe said.
The Heffron was said to have been
bound from Vladivostok to Trieste
with soldiers. Two holds were re-
ported full of water. A warship and
salvage vessel were standing by and
it was tnougnt mere was no immMi-
nte danxer of the vessel sinking. Tha
Heffron sailed from here Jane 23 for
and Joined the western allies In an
attack upon Austria Hungary with a
consequent war with Bulgaria. In
this conflict Rumania betrayed by
Russia was swiftly crushed. Bucha-
rest was occupied by Hungarian Bul-
garian and German troops and a year
later by the second treaty of Bucha-
rest Rumania had to surrender not
only the territory she had taken from
Bulgaria In the first treaty that of
1913. but also her entire sea coast in
Less than a year later when Italian
troops bad crushed the Austrians in
the north ot the Salonika army had
overcome Bulgarian. Austrian and
Turkish troops In the south. Rumania
entered the war. took from the Bul-
garians the territory seized by them
and again invaded and this time held
vast regions of Hungary.
In the brief itpan of seven years
then vre have neen the tlnlffarlau
the allies of the Greek and the
Servians and the enemies of the
Tnrkg in one ways tbe opponent
of the Greeks the Servian and
the Turks In a second ithe alllex
of the Tnrk with Greece as n
ftllent partner In an attack npon
Servla In a third) the allies 6r tbe
Tnrks and the opponents of the
Ramanlans the Servians and the
Greek. In a fourth and at thl.
present honr Sofia dlpatebea
(Continued on page 3. column 1.1
ACTION BY ME
Fort Bliss To
Battle Tanks And Artillery
o Be Stored In Steel
The largest ordnance depot In the
United States will be built at Fort
Bliss according to information
ceived by army officers stationed in
El Paso. The war department plans
to begin the construction of the depot
at once the Information stated.
The second largest ordnance depot
in the country will be at Brownsville
under present army plans.
For weeks ordnance supplies have
heen noiirintr Into Fort Bllaa and have
Included 60 tanks of the kind used by
the allies in tne war in Kurope and
many vo millimeter gunshot tne isnv
The tanks. Capt. E. F. Klckum of
the depot said Monday are to be kept
here as a part of the depot equipment
Reports that only IS tanks would be
sent here the captain said were in
To house the ordnance equipment
seven steel warehouses 249 by 566 feet
in size are to be erected in addition
to the six storehouses and nine maga-
zines already at the fort.
Artillery equipment for one regi-
ment has been received and Is being
issued to. the ?Snd field artillery. Ord-
nance for a second regiment will ar-
rive shortly and will be stored in the
In addition to artillery five 10 ton
trailers for transporting artillery have
been received and five more are com-
ing. Eight artillery repair trucks sup-
ply and cargo trucks also are on the
Permanent quarters probablv will J
be built at Fort Bliss for the person- j
net of the ordnance depot. Capt. Ed-
gar F. Nickum is in command of the
ISO men now working at the depot!
By Mexicans On
PolicyOf U. S.
TVashington. D. C Aug. 10 -A
large majority of the deaths of Ameri-
can citizens in Mexico can be laid di-
rectly at the door of the present ad-
ministration because of the we-k an
vacillating policy it has maintained
toward mat country declared R. B.
Creager. a banker of Brownsville
Tex In a statement made here Satur-
day. "The only way that settled con
ditions can be made with Mexico is
oy tne united states laying down
strong constructive policy . to assist
some faction and maintaining it to
inJ ena. it would be far better to
follow to a conclusion a bad policy
than to change our attitude dally as
iae administration nas aone.
"Of course conditions in Mexico are
not nearly so bad as thev have been
but there is much room for Improve-
ment. Carranza is as anxious as we
are to put a stop to the murdering of
Americans In Mexico. fr he knows
that he will be ousted if it continues
esoecially if a Republican enters the
Basis of Protest
London. Eng Aug. 18. American
and French consular representatives
In Mexico City have protested against
the Mexican government's action In
ordering the expulsion of William
Cummlngs. In charge of the archives
of the British legation there. It la In-
timated in official circles.
Latest advices are that Mr. Cum
mlngs still remains in Mexico.
AMERICANS REPORTED SAFE
AT RIO PLATA. MEXICO
iQQUlrV reCentlV Wfl mnri. ttifnnc-K
the American consulate at Juarez by
tamornia or Mr. and Mrs. i
fare of the couple who were living In
Rio Plata and for whose safety some
apprehension was felt. Rennet.
eived bv the consulate Mondjiv wr
to the effect that both Mr. and Mrs.
Garrod were well and safe.
MEXICAN DEPUTIES FIGHT
BLOODLESS DUEL AT CAPITAL
Laredo. Texas. Aug. IS. A duel be
tween two members of the Mexican '
Chamber of Deputies Vlctorlo L'Oran-1
ai or vera uruz. and Luls Esnlnoaa.
of Chiapas at a point near the can-
ttal is described by all the Mexico
i-ny papers received nere.
MEXICAN FISCAL GUARDS NAB
BAR SILVER SENT TO JUAREZ !
Mexican fi.eai m.rrf. i T.. - !
again have seized a onantltv of har
sliver which arrived in that city on I
trict Mexican Central railroad Sundav.
It is believed that passengers on the
train were attempting to smuggle the
silver into the United States.
MEXICAN SENATORS TO MEET
TJ. S. SENATE INVESTIGATORS
Mexico City. Ilex Aug. IS. The
senate has named a committee of three
to confer at the frontier with the sub-
edmmlttee named by the United States as the place where ransom Is to be
senate to investigate the Mexican paid. Is not given as it might inter-
question. fere with release of the two aviators.
ine memDers or tne committee are
Juan Sanchez Azcona Rafael Zenlda.
Jose J Roynota. with Je'.us Sllva as .
XICO THAT I
SOlIiEniEN TO POINT
INDICATED BY MEXICAN BANDITS
Vice President of Marfa Bank Goes to Candelaria With
$15000 to Secure Eelease of American Flyers; "0".
S. Government to Eeimburse Cattlemen Who
EaisedSum; Situation Grave Official View.
Leading Developments Following
Seizure Of American Aviators
Carrying 515000 in gold the vice president of a Marfa bank left Marfa
Tex Monday morning for Candelaria to deposit the ransom money at the
place designated by the bandits.
Army aviators are patroling the border near Candelaria to watch for
the approach of the missing aviators.
Maj. Gen. Joseph T. Dickman authorized the payment of the ransom
money on orders from the war department. The cattlemen -who subscribed
the money will be reimbursed by the government.
United States consul at Juarez E. A. Dow received instructions from
the state department at 'Washington to make formal demand of Mexican
military authorities for the. release of the American aviators.
The American embassy at the Mexican capital was instructed by the
state department to call on the Carranra government for immediate and
adequate action to effect the release of Davis and Peterson. The instruc-
tions also pointed out the aerlonsness with which the United States views
ARFA. Tex.. Aug. 18. Fifteen
thousand dollars ransom money!
demanded by Mexican bandits for the
release of Harold G. (Petersen of
HutcMBMn MtroL. and Paul H. Davis;
of Strathmore Califs wis today
taken to Candelaria by H. M- FennelL
vice president of the Marfa bank.
He was accompanied by a military
guard commanded by Maj. C C Smith.
It Is not known when the Amer-
ican aviators will cross the border
into the United States. Aviators on
detached service at the Big Bern'
headquarters left here today for the
Candelaria border presumably tr
watch from the air for the returr
of the aviators.
A message demanding S15.M9 ran-
torn lor iae release or tne aviator:
was taken to the border by a
Villista carrier and was delivered at
camp meeting at Fort Davis. 2f
miles from Marfa. The money de-
manded by tbe Mexicans was sub-
scribed in a few minutes by wealth;
ranchmen from this district. The lis'
of cattlemen who subscribed to the
fund Includes W. T. Jones whos'
ranch covers SS6H6 acres; John Z
Means whose ranch is more than 2W
miles square: C O. Flnley. J. W. Espy
J. D. Jacksos. J. B. Gillett and many
Aviatora Sign Messages.
The ransom was demanded by to-
day on threat of killing the two avi-
ators according to a message sent to
the border by Mexican courier yes-
terday and signed with the names of
the two aviators. This message was
delivered to Capt Leonard F. Mat-
lack commander of the Eighth cav-
alry troops stationed at Candelaria.
and was at once sent to CoL George
T. Langhorne. district commander by
A courier was dispatched to the
bandit camp late last night with an
appeal from Kilpatrtck to extend the
time limit for the payment of the
ransom until Wednesday because of
the late arrival of the messenger
yesterday and the Inability to obtain
(Continued on page X column 6.)
Officers Here Expect Release Of
Aviators Tonight; Erwin Announces
Authority To Pay
RELEASB of Harold G. Peterson
and Paul H. Davis two American
aviators held for ransom bv "ilHta
bandits somewhere In Mexico. Is ex
pected tonight bj army officers In El
Paso. Authorization to pay the $15-
000. demanded by tbe bandits as the
price of release was given by Maj.
Gen. Joseph T. Dickman. commander
of the southern department.
Brig. Gen. James B. Brwin Monday
Issued the following statement:
Gen. Erwln's Statement.
"A telegram received Sunday after-
noon August 17. by Mai. Walton com
mandlng aero unit at Fort Bliss i
jisnea oy me two aviators who have
been mlsslncr. statlnc th.v hail ka t
-p"J Z.$'?3tt 3?2FFtZ
be paid 'on August 18 or they would !
he killed This teietrram wa. hronrnr 1
into a town m tne Bin Bend district
well known band it.
uuigiiqnie. Kigntn cavalry
who commands the Big Bend district
wired the commanding general. El
Paso district. The telegram Is au-
thentic and states that he is taking
all necessary measures to secure re
lease or tne aviators and has p res
ented this matter to the nmner n
thoritles. The name of the town from
where the telegram ra sent v.n
Tne dannTtm.nt kQ.
authorized Mnnnt nr s. n.nn.
and the families of the aviators also '
arranged for its payment The full!
TT TASHINGTOK. D. C Am. IS. The
V? American embassy at Mexico
1 6lty was instructed today by
State department immediately to call
upon. the. Mxtean government for
qulek action to effect the release of
Lfeats. Paul H. Davis and Harold a
Peterson. Americas .army aviators
who were captured by Mexican ban-
dits near Candelaria. Tex. while pa-
troling the border and who are
threatened with death unless J15.000
ransom is paid toaay.
The state department's an-
nouncement said the lnstrnctina
pointed out the serlonsne. with
which the United states govern-
meat view thl situation and
called for Immediate adequate
action. The American consul at
Jnarea also mu Inatrncted to
take all possible step with the
Mexican authorities there to se-
cure release and protection or the
State department officials said the
ransom demanded would hn r..- i n
soon as Information could be had as
w ana wnom tne money was to
be delivered. It has not been decided
whether the United state vnni fur
nish the sum and charge it against the
Carranxa government or call upon the
Mexican government to pay it direct.
ioi ot -Announcement.
The denartmnt' annnnn-.t
"The department of state has te'e-
graphed instructions to the American
embassv at Ue-rlrr fttv
diately call upon the Mexican govern
ment ior quick action to effect the
release of Lieuts. Paul H Davis and
Harold G. Peterson of h T-Ti
States army air service captured by
Mexicans near Candelaria Tex. while
patroling the border and threatened
with death on failure to pay J15.0vd
"The Instructions pointed out the
seriousness with which the United
States government views this situa-
tion and called for immediate art-
auate action. The department also
directed the American consul at
(Continued on page 2 column 4.)
$15000 Ran som
amount of the ransom was subscribed
by prominent ranchmen and citizens
of counties adjouring Marfa within
five minutes after the demands of the
hand its were known. Col. Langhorne
has arranged for the turning over of
the money to the bandits on receipt of
the aviators safe and sound tonight."
As the payment of the SISOOO
ransom has been officially authors-
lied by the Southern department
the money raised yesterday by the
enttlemen of the Bis Rend district
t the cowboy camp meeting: will
be reimbursed. It was announced
here Monday. The money which
was arranged for here last night
nnd was to have been sent today
In gold was not sent as the money
raised by the cattlemen was used
A message was also received
tbe raaeoro money but. in view of the
official authorization this was not
American consul A few Dow. acting
upon telegraphic Instructions from
the American state department. Mon-
day prepared a letter in Spanish trans-
mitting to Gen. Francisco Gonzales
the request of the state department
for the immediate release of the
American aviators held by Mexican
bandits In the OJinaga district.
"The proved circulation of A
The EI Paso Herald Is nearly
O twice that of any other EI Paso
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Slater, H. D. El Paso Herald (El Paso, Tex.), Ed. 1, Monday, August 18, 1919, newspaper, August 18, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143757/m1/1/: accessed January 17, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; .