A Treatise on the Eclectic Southern Practice of Medicine Page: 45 of 724
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MEDICINES AND THEIR USES.
never be resorted to until all else failed. The warm
bath is a valuable auxiliary in severe and protracted
spasm, especially when the bowels are involved in the
disease. There are a variety of anti-spasmiodics: assa-
fcetida, musk, castor, rue, amber, valerian, &c.
Atrinlgcts, are those substances which produce con-
traction and condensation when they come in contact
with living matter. Much difference of opinion exists
as to the m odus, - o randi of this class of agents. In
cases where the use of astringents is indicated, it will
be necessary to ascertain the cause by which the morbid
discharge is prodded, as it frequently arises in opposite
states of the system, and, therefore, very different reme-
dies will, in different cases, assume the character of an
astringent. Tnus, where irritability exists opium will
often prove our most useful remedy. If a state of ple-
thora of the vascular system exist, the pure tincture of
aconite, I use 10 to 12 drops to I oz. of water, and give
a tea spoonful every ten minutes; when properly ad-
ministered, where there is any inflammatory action it
will control the circulation more readily than the lancet,
and in pneumonia and yellow fever it is indispensable.
Nauseants with other depletory measures will be indi-
cated, or if the discharge, as in some forms of diarrhoea,
be caused by acrid or acid matter, demulcents and anti-
acids must be employed. Those that are in best repute
are, sulphuric acid, alum, catechu, creasote, blue vitriol,
green vitriol, gall nuts, logwood, kino, oak bark, borax,
beanberry, zinc, &c.
Cathartics, are those medicines which quicken or in-
crease the alvine discharge. Cathartics differ conside-
rably in their action upon the human system, and hence,
have been generally divided into three classes: 1st
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Massie, J. Cam. A Treatise on the Eclectic Southern Practice of Medicine, book, 1854; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143817/m1/45/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting University of Texas Health Science Center Libraries.