A Treatise on the Eclectic Southern Practice of Medicine Page: 46 of 724
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MEDICINES AND THEIR USES.
Laxatives, which operate so mildly as to produce the
evacuation of the intestinal contents without causing
increased secretion or stimulating any of the neighbor-
2d. Purgatives, properly so called, which, besides
remarkably increasing the peristallic motion of the in-
testines, occasion increased secretion of fluids from the
exhalant vessels, and also extend their stimulant effects
to the system in general.
3d. Drastic Cathartics, which operate in the same
manner as purgatives, but with much greater energy.
There are a great variety in. use ; we will mention some
that we hold in high estimation.
The Podophylline, which in my own impression,
exerts as ready an influence as calomel, without ~ny of
the constitutional effects which is frequently the result
of the latter; it is a remedy which is inestimable, and
of which we will say more hereafter. The Septandrine
is another very valuable remedy. There are others
gamboge, colocynth, aloes, castor oil, &c.
Diphoretic, are those medicines which augment the
cutaneous exhalations, or more properly sp eak mg, pro-
duce a termination to the surface by copious lperslpiration.
We frequently find obstructed perspiration associated
with fever, and those remedies should be selected as
will act by relaxing the morbid construction of the
cutaneous capillaries, and at the same time hatve a ten-
dency to lower the action of the heart ; warm, tepid,
diluent drinks assist in producing perspiration. The
most efficient diaphoretics are, mindererus spirit, which
is a solution of the acetate of ani onia , antimonial
powder, tartar emetic, common burdock, woody night-
shade, (or bitter-sweet,) Dovers powder, sarsaparilla.
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Massie, J. Cam. A Treatise on the Eclectic Southern Practice of Medicine, book, 1854; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143817/m1/46/: accessed April 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting University of Texas Health Science Center Libraries.