A Treatise on the Eclectic Southern Practice of Medicine Page: 50 of 724
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MEDICINES AND THEIR USES.
plied over the part affected. Especially is this the fact
in phrenitis, (inflammation of the brain,) for though in
bad cases shaving the head for the application of ice is
often resorted to, yet blisters, instead of being applied
to the scalp, thus aggravating the disease, are judiciously
placed upon the thighs, or upon the spine. Blisters to
children should be applied with great caution, and never
suffered to remain more than two or three hours. Those
in use are, tartar emetic, cantharides, capsicum, oil of
turpentine, and a preparation I use, the irritating plas-
ter, which we will treat of hereafter.
Narcotics may be defined medicines which produce a
primary stimulating effect on the nervous and vascular
systems, but which is rapidly followed by a depression
of the vital powers. In large doses, the stage of excite-
ment is very short, and the depression of vital power
almost immediate. There are numerous remedies used
in the present day, nightshade, Indian hemp, henbane,
hops, morphia, opium, poppy-heads, thorn-apple, &c.
Sedatives are medicines which depress the vital pow-
ers, without inducing any previous excitement; they
have been termed contra-stimulants. The diseases in
which sedatives are employed are those of over excite-
ment of the nervous and vascular systems; some of the
remedies, for instance, aconite, act directly on the ner-
vous system. They are, Prussic acid, one drop of which
has been known to produce death, peach leaves, hem-
lock, creosote, digitalis, tobacco, hydrocyanate of po-
General Stimulants are medicines which, in their
effects upon the system, are closely allied to tonics; im-
mediately after their administration, a feeling of tone or
increased power is produced, which is not permanent,
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Massie, J. Cam. A Treatise on the Eclectic Southern Practice of Medicine, book, 1854; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143817/m1/50/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting University of Texas Health Science Center Libraries.