A Treatise on the Eclectic Southern Practice of Medicine Page: 72 of 724
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scientific man. After patient research of Heberden,
Falconer, Robinson, Celsus, Rush, Tueedie, Bell, Stewart-
son and Eberle, it requires some education of the finger
to appreciate with exactness the several varieties of
pulse, even those which are practically important; there
are many varieties mentioned which are useless and
unnecessary. The pulse varies with the age of indivi-
duals; at birth it beats from 130 to 140 in a minute;
mean rate for the first month is 120; limits during the
first year are 106 to 120; for the second year from 90
to 100; for the third year from 80 to 90; nearly the
same for the fourth, fifth, and sixthryears; in the seventh
year pulse about 78 to 80; from the twelfth year it differs
but little from that of adult age, which is estimated at
from, 60 to 80, according to individual constitutions, &c.
The, common standard of frequency may be placed at
from 70 to 75 beats in a minute. From the 45th to the
60th year, the pulse gradually becomes slower; after
this period it again rises in frequency. Generally more
frequent in women than in men. Climate influences
pulse; more frequent in hot than in cold countries.
The Time of Day.-Slower in the morning than at
other times; most frequent soon after dinner; slower
during sleep than in the waking state. Bodily exercise
accelerates the pulse; varies according to the position
of the body; slowest while lying down; slower when
sitting than standing. Mental excitement influences
the pulse; joy and anger render it fuller and more fre-
quent; grief, sorrow and fear depress it.
Mode. of Examining the Pulse.-Not to be examined
immediately on entering the patient's room; the 'exami-
nation to be repeated at short intervals; should be felt
on both wrists, the arm having its muscles relaxed by
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Massie, J. Cam. A Treatise on the Eclectic Southern Practice of Medicine, book, 1854; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth143817/m1/72/: accessed March 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting University of Texas Health Science Center Libraries.