The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 34, In Four Parts. Part 1, Reports. Page: 769
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THE CAMDEN EXPEDITION.
would probably result in his retreating before me, crossing the
Saline at Long View, destroying his pontoon bridge in his rear, and
thus making good his escape. I therefore abandoned this plan and
adopted the one of making a demonstration in the direction of Monti-
cello, as if the whole force was advancing, at the same time advanc-
ing rapidly to Mount Elba, bridging the Saline, leaving infantry and
artillery to hold the bridge, crossing with the cavalry, making
demonstrations in the direction of Camden and Princeton, and at the
same time moving rapidly with a small command to Long View, a
distance from Mount Elba of 42 niiles, destroying their bridge, and
thus prevent their retreat, then recrossing the Saline and attacking
the enemy with my whole command on the north side of the river.
I accordingly organized an expedition consisting of the following
troops: Detachment of the Eighteenth Illinois Infantry, 7 commis-
sioned officers and 230 enlisted men; detachment of the Twenty-
eighth Wisconsin Infantry, 5 commissioned officers and 260 enlisted
men; detachments of the First Indiana, Fifth Kansas, and Seventh
Missouri Cavalry, amounting to 600 men, four mountain howitzers
and two steel rifled guns, the infantry under the command of Lieu-
tenant-Colonel Marks, the cavalry under the command of Lieuten-
ant-Colonel Jenkins. I had also a small subsistence train and eight
pontoons made for the occasion, mounted on wagon wheels. The
infantry and train moved out about sunset of the 27th; also 100 cav-
alry, under the command of Lieutenants Greathouse and Young, in
the direction of Monticello. The balance of the cavalry started at
daylight the next morning. The whole command, with the exception
of the cavalry sent in the direction of Monticello, arrived at Mount
Elba about 4 p. m. of the 28th, drove in the enemy's picket, killing
1 and capturing 4; proceeded at once to the construction of the bridge,
which was reported completed and in good order before midnight.
Lieutenants Greathouse and Young came in during the night, and
reported having driven in the enemy's pickets the night previous at
Branchville ; advanced to within sight of his camp-fires, built up
large camp-fires of their own, sounded trumpets, &c. They gave the
opinion that the enemy was completely misled as to our movements.
At daylight on the morning of the 29th, I left the infantry, three
pieces of artillery, one squadron of cavalry, and the train at Mount
Elba, Lieutenant-Colonel Marks commanding, with instructions to
hold the bridge and observe the enemy closely in the direction of
Monticello. I moved with the balance of my command across the
Saline, in the direction of Camden, 8 miles, to the vicinity of Marks'
Mills. In this neighborhood the roads from Camden, Princeton,
Long View, and up the Saline converge. I made this the base of
my cavalry operations, and sent Lieutenants Greathouse and Young,
with 50 picked and well-mounted men, each with instructions to
move with the utmost rapidity by the way of Warren to Long View,
to destroy the pontoon bridge, the enemy's trains, &c. In the
mean time, to cover the movement of Lieutenants Greathouse and
Young, I sent a squadron of cavalry on the Camden road, the two
Princeton roads, and up each side of the Saline River, with instruc-
tions to convey the idea that the whole command was advancing on
each of these roads. These parties went out from 10 to 20 miles and
returned the same day. Captain Pierce captured 6 prisoners on the
road up the south bank of the Saline. Captain Young skirmished
with a squadron of rebel cavalry on the Princeton road and captured
10 prisoners; he reported Shelby at Princeton.
49 R R-VOL XXXIV, PT I
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 34, In Four Parts. Part 1, Reports., book, 1892; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146033/m1/798/?q=Mount: accessed November 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.