The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 34, In Four Parts. Part 1, Reports. Page: 773
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TIHE CAMDEN EXPEDITION.
Reports of Lieut. Cot. samuel B. Marks, Eighteenth Illinois In-
fantry, of expel ition to Mount Elba.
HDQRS. EIGHTEENTH REGT. ILLINOIS VOL. INFY.,
Pine Bluff, A'rk.. April 2, 1864.
SIR: I have the honor to report that on the evening of March 27,
1864, I received orders to have my regiment in readiness to march
at 5 p. m. of that dlay, with two days' rations in haversacks. In
compliance with said orders I reported with my command at head-
quarters commander of the post of Pine Bluff, at the time speci-
lied, and received orders to take command of the infantry and
march out on the Mount Elba road. I proceeded 8 miles out and
camped for the night; started early next morning, and arrived
at Mount Elba about sundown of the same day. We were pre-
ceded into camp by Col. Powell Clayton with the cavalry. The
next morning I was left in command of the camp by Colonel Clay-
ton. I immediately took precautions to guard against surprise,
placing picket guards on all the roads leading into camp, and
built a bridge across a bayou on the opposite side of the Saline
River. The forces left under my command consisted of a detach-
ment of the Eighteenth Illinois Infantry of 7 commissioned officers
and 230 enlisted men, commanded by Captain Davis, same regiment;
a detachment of the Twenty-eighth Wisconsin Infantry of 5 com-
missioned officers and 260 enlisted men, commanded by Captain
Smith, same regiment; 30 of the Fifth Kansas Cavalry, commanded
by Captain Moore; Sergeant Davis and 23 men of the Fifth Kansas
Cavalry, with two pieces of artillery, and Corporal Galomut and 11
men of the First Indiana battery* with one steel gun. Nothing un-
usual occurred during the 29th.
Early on the morning of the 30th of March, Captain Barnes re-
ported to me with a detachment of the Fifth Kansas Cavalry. I
sent him out on the Monticello road with instructions to scour that
road for some distance and report to me before night. He returned
about 7.30 a. min., with the intelligence that he had encountered a
body of the enemy's cavalry of about 100 men, advancing. I im-
mediately prepared for a vigorous defense; a barricade was formed
of rails and logs of the negro huts; skirmishers were sent to the
front to engage the enemy and watch his movements. About 9.30
a. mni. our skirmishers came into camp closely followed by the
enemy, who made a spirited attack. About the time our skirmish-
ers were driven in and the attack became general, Lieutenant-Colonel
Jenkins arrived upon the field and assumed the command. The en-
emy made but one advance and were speedily repulsed, the engage-
ment not lasting over forty minutes. About 30 of the enemy were
killed, about 60 wounded, and a number of prisoners were taken.
Our loss was 2 men killed of the Twenty-eighth Wisconsin Infantry,
and 2 men of the Eighteenth Illinois Infantry missing, supposed to
have been taken prisoners on picket guard.
The officers and men acquitted themselves in a manner becoming
soldiers. Sergeant Davis and the men in charge of the artillery
deserve praise for the manner in which they handled the pieces.
Colonel Clayton arrived on the field shortly after the close of the
*Attaced to First Indiana Cavalry......
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 34, In Four Parts. Part 1, Reports., book, 1892; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146033/m1/802/?q=Mount: accessed November 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.