The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 38, In Five Parts. Part 1, Reports. Page: 162
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THE ATLANTA CAMPAIGN.
Brig. Gen. E. M. McCook, commanding Second Cavalry Division,
reports as follows the result of his expedition to cut the enemy's
railroad communications to Macon and West Point. His instruc-
tions are specified in Special Field Orders, No. 42, of July 26, head-
quarters Military Division of the Mississippi:
Two and one-half miles of the Atlanta and West Point Railroad and telegraph
wire destroyed near Palmetto. The same amount of Macon and Western Railroad
and five miles of telegraph wire destroyed near Lovejoy's Station. Eleven hundred
wagons burned, 2,000 mules killed or disabled, 1,000 bales of cotton, 1,000 sacks of
corn, and 300 sacks of flour destroyed, besides large quantities of bacon and tobacco.
He carried out his orders and accomplished all he was directed to
do without opposition, and it was only when the command started on
its return that General McCook ascertained that the enemy's cav-
alry was between him and McDonough, at which latter place he had
expected to form a junction with General Stoneman's expedition.
Finding the enemy across his road in that direction, and being bur-
dened with a good many prisoners and considerable captured prop-
erty, General McCook turned toward the Chattahoochee River by
way of Newnan, on the West Point railroad, and while on the way
to that place was attacked by Jackson's division of cavalry, which
he repulsed. Near Newnan the railroad was cut in three places.
Between there and the river he was surrounded by an overwhelming
force of the enemy's cavalry, supported by a large infantry force.
These troops he attacked in the hope of cutting his way through
them, and in doing so broke the whole right of their line, riding
over Ross' (Texas) cavalry brigade and making General Ross and his
staff prisoners. The enemy sent fresh troops to supply the place of
those shattered by McCook's charge, when the latter, finding he
could not break their line permanently, directed his brigade com-
manders to cut their way out with their commands and endeavor to
cross the Chattahoochee by detachments. In this they were success-
ful, but with the loss of their artillery. The latter, however, was
deliberately destroyed before being abandoned. All the prisoners
captured by us (about 400 in number) were also turned loose. Gen-
eral McCook's loss in killed, wounded, and missing, as well as in
material, is great, but that of the enemy is considered much greater
proportionately, and is even, so acknowledged by themselves. For
details I have the honor to refer you to the report of General Mc-
Cook accompanying this.
About the 10th information reached me that the enemy's entire
cavalry force was concentrating in the neighborhood of Monticello
and on the Ocmulgee River. Refugees and deserters from the enemy
stated that it was intended to send this large concentration of cav-
alry under Wheeler on a raid into Tennessee against our commu-
On the afternoon of the 14th the enemy's cavalry, said to be 6,000
strong, attacked Dalton. Colonel Laiboldt, Second Missouri Infan-
try, commanding the post, occupied the fort with a small command,
and bravely defended his position until re-enforced.
Early on the morning of the 15th Major-General Steedman, with
two regiments of white and six companies of colored troops, arrived
at Dalton from Chattanooga and immediately attacked the enemy,
driving him off toward Spring Place after four hours' fighting. The
enemy's loss was heavy-he left his dead and wounded on the field.
Our loss was 40 killed and 55 wounded. We captured about 50
wounded and 2 surgeons.
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 38, In Five Parts. Part 1, Reports., book, 1891; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146042/m1/179/?q=colored%20troops: accessed October 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.