The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 38, In Five Parts. Part 1, Reports. Page: 619
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Cian. L.] REPORTS, ETC.-ARMY OF THE CUMBERLAND. 619
marched back to the position we left in front of Atlanta. Staid in
front of the city, building works and advancing the lines until Au-
gust 15, when I was relieved by Col. Josiah Given taking command.
Major Seventy-fourth Ohio Veteran Infantry.
A. A. A. G., Third Brig., First Div., 14th Army Corps.
Report of Col. William 'Sirwell, Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania In-
fantry, of operations August 14-15 (Wheeler's raid).
HDQRS. SEVENTY-EIGHTH PENNSYLVANIA VOL. INFTY.,
Chattanooga, August 20, 1864.
SIR: In obedience to orders [received] from your headquarters
Sunday noon, August 14, 1864, I reported my entire command, then
in camp (a portion of my command being on the railroad as train
guard) at the Chattanooga depot, to Major-General Steedman, num-
bering 327 effective men. On reporting to General Steedman, he
directed me to take the advance train and report to Colonel Streight,
informing me that the enemy was in strong force at Dalton, Ga.,
under the command of the rebel Major-General Wheeler. On reach-
ing Chickamauga Station, on Chattanooga and Atlanta Railroad,
I reported to Colonel Streight. He placed me in command of the
Seventy-eighth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, Lieu-
tenant-Colonel Bonnaffon; One hundred and eighth Ohio Volun-
teer Infantry, Lieut. Col. Joseph Good, and Sixty-eighth Indiana
Volunteer Infantry, Lieutenant-Colonel Espy (my command now
numbered 627 effective men), with instructions to move forward
on Dalton as speedily as possible. On arriving at Tunnel Hill
I disembarked my troops from the cars, procured two guides,
and marched across Tunnel Hill along the road, then taking
the railroad marched along it perhaps three miles, having pre-
viously thrown out my skirmishers and an advance guard. Up
to this point, it being in the famous Buzzard Roost, nothing of
importance took place. Here I received an order from Colonel
Streight to halt my command and place them in position to meet the
enemy and guard against any surprise that he might attempt. It
being 2 a. m. and so dark that it would be imprudent to go any farther
until daylight, I at once placed my command in line of battle, throw-
ing out a heavy skirmish line to protect my front and flanks, with
outposts some distance in front of the skirmish line. At this time
two pieces of artillery reported to me, which were put in position
ready for action. The ground at this place is rough, being the en-
trance from the south to Buzzard Roost, known as the place where
the rebels had a culvert on the railroad closed that dammed the
water up for the purpose of preventing the ingress of our army in
May last. My command at this time was sufficient to cover the en-
tire entrance to the Roost and repulse any force the enemy might
bring against us. At daylight, as near now as I can recollect, say
7 a. m., the enemy not having made his appearance, General Steed-
man gave orders to assemble the troops and move forward as rapidly
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United States. War Department. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 38, In Five Parts. Part 1, Reports., book, 1891; Washington D.C.. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146042/m1/636/?q=colored%20troops%20at%20fort%20whitfield: accessed June 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.