The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941 Page: 187
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Confederate Western Ambitions
pointed out, would have been forced to readjust its military
and naval strategy, Southern credit would have been bolstered
by the diversion of western gold and silver from Washington
to Richmond, and European governments would have looked
more favorably upon Confederate recognition. In addition, fresh
levies of men and valuable supplies and materials of war for
the Confederate Army would have been available.
The campaign had failed apparently because of the remote
and isolated position of the military operations in a region
which could barely support its own scattered population. The
only part of the country which had been occupied was Arizona
and southern New Mexico, which had been arid and unproduc-
tive, and even in Sonora and Chihuahua the only privilege
which the Texans had been granted was probably one of pur-
chasing anything they wanted for cash.94 The population of
the west had held fast to the Union, with the exception of
Arizona, which for almost a year had been in Confederate
possession, and southern California, which had been restrained
from open rebellion only by the prompt action of the military
authorities in placing the region under virtual military rule.
There were many Confederates who wanted a second invasion
and at the end of the year they were described as "plotting
with impunity" at El Paso and in Chihuahua.95 The Federal
Army thereafter was to maintain, however, a close surveillance
of Sonora and Chihuahua and the western frontier of Texas,
and, in addition, the North was soon to blockade the Mississippi
River, and Texas, itself, was to know the fear of invasion.
94Chivington to Canby, June 11, 1862, 0. R., S., 1, IX, 677.
95J. R. West to Ben C. Cutler, December 9, 1862. Ibid., 1, L, pt. 2, 243.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941, periodical, 1941; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/m1/207/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.