The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941 Page: 390
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
by moral suasion to better the conditions of owner and slave.
The Northern Church held that slavery was a moral issue and
that the Church was committed to its abolition. After the war,
during at least the first decade, the Southern Church continued
to hold to its strict interpretation. But as time went on the
Southern Church also came to a broader interpretation of the
Church's mission. Nevertheless, according to Farish, there were
in the Southern Church, up to the end of the century, recurring
fears of "fanaticism," and occasional voices were raised, even
on such matters as prohibition, against the Church's becoming
involved too deeply in civil affairs.
Farish believes that the social attitudes of the Southern
Church were determined in part by reaction against the activi-
ties of the Northern Methodists. He goes into considerable-
perhaps too much-detail about the difficulties of the South
with the Northern Methodist Church. As a consequence of
these troubles, Farish thinks that reforms advocated by the
Methodist Episcopal Church were ipso facto under suspicion in
the South. Nevertheless, by the seventies the work of the
Freedman's Bureau in education was praised by the leaders
of the Southern Church who were urging better educational
provisions for the negro.
According to Mr. Farish, the Southern Methodist Church's
major contribution was in the field of education. Church col-
leges were not only practically the only institutions of higher
learning in the South after the war, especially in the Western
states, but in many instances they set the standard for other
institutions. The names of James H. Carlisle, Holland N. Mc-
Tyeire, Landom Cabell Garland, and James A. Duncan in them-
selves indicate the contribution of Southern Methodism to South-
ern education. An interesting paragraph in the history of
Southern education concerns a group of young students who
went to the liberal universities of Germany in the seventies and
eighties. Four or five of these young men went from Randolph-
Macon and from Wofford College. Among them were Robert E.
Blackwell who returned from Leipzig to become President of
Randolph-Macon, a place he occupied until 1939; William M.
Baskervill, who returned from Leipzig to Wofford College and
later to Vanderbilt; Charles Forster Smith, who returned from
Leipzig to Vanderbilt and later went to Chicago; James H. Kirk-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941, periodical, 1941; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/m1/429/: accessed February 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.