The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941 Page: 35
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The Coiperative Movement in Texas, 1870-1900
the cost of bagging and ties on cotton and eliminate the han-
dling and transportation expense.6 The Patrons of Dallas County
bought the attachment patent right in the fall of 1877 and with
the advice of B. B. Smith, who was in Texas from Alabama
aiding in the installation of textile plants, established a mill.'
On January 31, 1878, the Patrons of Salado Grange, in Bell
County, organized the Coiperative Manufacturing Association
of Bell County, Patrons of Husbandry, on the Rochdale plan,
with A. J. Rose president and Moritz Maedgen treasurer.8 The
Rochdale plan was a cooperative scheme of doing business that
had originated among the factory workers of Rochdale, Eng-
land, in 1842, and had been endorsed by the National Grange in
America. The direction of affairs of the Association was placed
in the hands of thirteen directors who employed a business
manager. The entire business of buying and selling was con-
fined to a cash basis; however, the manager could receive non-
perishable farm products at seventy-five per cent of their mar-
ket value in exchange for the products of the Association.
Nearly four years elapsed before Patrons subscribed to enough
stock to purchase a plot of land on Salado Creek and the
patent right to the Clement Attachment for Bell County. Smith,
who had aided in establishing the Dallas County mill, advised
the Bell County Grangers that the velocity of their stream was
not sufficient to drive textile machinery, and as a result this
project was abandoned., So far as records reveal, it cannot be
6Proceedings of Texas State Grange, 1880, p. 17. A Clement Attach-
ment with all the machinery necessary could be bought for $4,000. It
required a seven horsepower stream to drive the machinery and eight
attendants to operate it. Such a set up would convert 700 pounds of
seed cotton into 200 pounds of number 8 to 16 yarn a day. Three attachments
costing from $9,000 to $10,000 and requiring a twenty horsepower engine
and eighteen operators would convert 2,100 pounds of seed cotton daily
into 600 pounds of yarn. Patrons of Husbandry (Columbus, Mississippi),
June 18, 1881.
7Rose to "Bro Swan" [Swann], October 8, 1877, Rose Letter Book, in
the Archives of The University of Texas.
s"Patrons of Husbandry," January 31, 1878; Rose to W. H. Worthington,
February 7, 1878, Rose Letter Book.
9"Patrons of Husbandry," January 31, 1878, Rose to B. B. Smith, Feb-
ruary 6, 1878, Rose to Worthington, February 7, 1878, and Rose to A. F.
Hicks, February 11, 1878, all in Rose Letter Book; A. J. Mackey to Rose,
June 19, 1880, Contract between Mary E. Robertson and Coperative
Manufacturing Association of Bell County, Patrons of Husbandry, August
31, 1880, Rose Papers, in the Archives of The University of Texas; "Min-
utes of Salado Codperative Council, Bell County, Texas," 74, in the
Archives of The University of Texas. A number of textile mills equipped
with Clement Attachments and owned by individuals in North Carolina,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941, periodical, 1941; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/m1/43/?q=yaqui: accessed June 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.