The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941 Page: 37
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The Coeperative Movement in Texas, 1870-1900
a single year.1' The managers of these councils, in general,
bought their merchandise from wholesale dealers through
Crockett at Galveston, while many Patrons shipped their cotton
to Houston for Forsgard to market. Grange leaders saw the
need for a single agency in the Order with a manager who
could devote his entire time to marketing the Patron's prod-
ucts and purchasing merchandise from wholesale dealers for
their cooperative councils. The leading figure in the movement
to establish such an agency was A. J. Rose, who carried printed
copies of the by-laws of the Salado Co6perative Council with
him on his lecture tours and wherever possible established a
store.12 The cooperative councils of Central Texas in the late
summer of 1875 selected delegates to attend a meeting to be
held at Rockdale, Milam County, to consider such a plan, but
records do not indicate whether the meeting was actually held.'3
In 1876 nearly every Grange chapter and paper actively sup-
ported the demand for an agency at Galveston, which was at
that time the center of wholesale trade and the commercial
gateway to Texas. Crockett and Forsgard had proved unable
to meet the growing demands of the Grangers' business. The
executive committee of the State Grange visited Galveston in
May, 1877, and, being "unable to discover any material benefit
to be derived" from the agent there, did not re-employ him."1
After receiving the favorable reports on the cooperative stores
throughout Texas, Rose called a meeting of delegates to be
held at Bryan, when the State Grange convened there in Jan-
uary, 1878, to consider the establishment of an agency.5" They
devised a temporary plan at Bryan on January 12, but because
of the depression of that year, they were unable to put it into
Undiscouraged by one failure, Rose called upon the Granges
and cooperative councils near Salado to send delegates to a
11"Minutes of Salado Coperative Council", p. 31.
12Rose to Jas. McCann, December 9, 1875, Rose to Wm. H. Thompson,
March 10, 1876, Rose Letter Book.
""Minutes of Salado Cobperative Council," p. 85.
14Proceedings of Texas State Grange, 1878, pp. 23-24.
S-Rose to A. J. Carothers, September 13, 1877, Rose to J. W. Barnum,
and Rose to B. F. Wilkins, September 17, 1877, "Cobperative Society,"
December [7(?)], 1877, all in Rose Letter Book.
is"Patrons of Husbandry. Texas State Grange. Minutes of the Texas
Cooperative Association," pp. 3-4. The Proceedings of the Texas Cobpera-
tive Association have been published, but the writer has used the original
minutes in the Archives of The University of Texas.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941, periodical, 1941; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/m1/45/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.