The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941 Page: 41
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The Cooperative Movement in Texas, 1870-1900
the agency could not compete with wholesale houses drawing
their supplies from the Middle West over a railway (later
known as the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas System) that had
pushed across the Indian Territory from Kansas into Texas
near Denison in 1880.30 Rogers' competitors were now con-
nected directly with the wheat-fields of Kansas and the pack-
ing houses of Saint Louis. He could hardly hope to purchase
flour, meat, and other staple commodities from the Middle
West and send them to North Texas via Galveston more cheaply
than they could be sent directly over this new line. Rivalry
between wholesale houses in North Texas caused some of them
to sell to Grange stores below Rogers' prices. In these cases,
of course, the operators did not hesitate to buy from them.
Many of the managers insisted upon credit from Rogers, and
some of the stores went in debt."3 When a store once aban-
doned the cash system, it was very hard for it to return."2
Patrons wanted to draw too much on their cotton stored with
Rogers and being held for higher prices.33
Notwithstanding these difficulties the system seemed to be
prospering. By April, 1881, forty-one of the fifty-five co5pera-
tives had taken stock in the Texas Cooperative Association."
The number of stockholders, including individual Patrons, co-
6perative councils, and subordinate Granges had grown to 133;
the demands for merchandise and the receipts in cotton were
increasing steadily and the next logical step appeared to be
the establishment of an agency in New York City near the
markets and factories of the East.35 In July, 1881, the direc-
tors declared ten per cent interest to the shareholders on
their stocks. The Association had earned twenty-five per cent
on its investments in the previous year. It had charged the
Patrons only fifty cents per bale for handling their cotton, or
less than half the amount ($1.25) that other commercial houses
had charged before the Association was established. Twenty-
30C. S. Potts, Railroad Transportation in Texas, pp. 61-63.
31Rogers to Rose, April 9, 1881, Rose Papers.
32Rose to J. M. McCaskell, April 4, 1881, Rose Letter Book.
"3Rogers to Rose, October 18, 1881, Rose Papers.
34Rose to J. J. Woodman, April 20, 1881, Rose Letter Book; "Minutes
of Texas Coperative Association," pp. 70-71.
35Rogers to Rose, April 7, 1881, Rose Papers; Rose to Woodman, April
20, 1881, and Rose to Allen Foote, December 9, 1881, Rose Letter Book;
"Minutes of Texas Cooperative Association," pp. 70-71.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941, periodical, 1941; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/m1/49/: accessed March 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.