The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941 Page: 47
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The Co6perative Movement in Texas, 1870-1900
as a business man to overbalance his better judgment on poli-
cies. W. A. Shaw, editor of the Texas Farmer, the Grange
organ, and a stockholder in the Association, as early as 1887,
began to criticize in his editorials the policies of the organiza-
tion. At the same time the forces opposed to Rose as Master
of the State Grange had gained sufficient strength to divide the
leadership of the Grange and cooperative movement into two
factions. The anti-Rose-Rogers group, led by Shaw, A. W. Bu-
chanan, A. M. Kellar, J. W. Kennedy, and W. H. Harris, charged
that Rose was wrecking the whole agrarian movement by using
his influence in all its departments to defend Rogers. Shaw
endeavored to show that the Grange had turned over its entire
financial affairs to Rogers without limitations, that the Associa-
tion had ceased to be "a cooperative association at all-but [was]
a commercial conglomerate of affairs of which not a half a dozen
men knew anything, and . . . [that it would] break into a
thousand pieces as soon as the Galveston merchants see it is at
the proper state of indebtedness."60
Opposition to Rose and Rogers came to a climax in the spring
and summer of 1891 when it was revealed that the business man-
ager had overdrawn his salary by approximately $13,000, and
Rose did not stand for re-election as Master of the State
Grange." Relations between Rogers and the directors became
increasingly strained, until he resigned in January, 1892, and
J. M. Calloway succeeded him. Two weeks later George Mitchell,
former president of the Association, became business manager,
when Calloway resigned upon the refusal of the directors to
sign a joint note for a $35,000 loan.62 Rogers and J. H. Deblar,
one of the charter members and a holder of 403 shares of stock
in the Association, involved it in a prolonged law suit by trying
to throw it into receivership. Within eighteen months Mitchell
had reduced its indebtedness considerably. When he had become
manager the sum owed to the concern on open accounts and
bills receivable amounted to nearly as much as its capital ($86,-
But as the patronage of the Association disappeared, it grew
sOW. A. Shaw to Rose, March 15, 1890, Rose Papers.
61Rose to George Mitchell, May 16, 1891, Rose Letter Book.
62"Minutes of Texas CoSperative Association," pp. 405, 423-424; Rose to
Mitchell, February 2, 1892, Rose to Lundy, February 5, 1892, Rose Letter
63"Minutes of The Texas Cooperative Association," pp. 435, 442.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941, periodical, 1941; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/m1/55/?q=yaqui: accessed June 15, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.