The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941 Page: 49
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The Co6perative Movement in Texas, 1870-1900
bandry, with a capital of $100,000 was organized on the Roch-
dale Plan.69 The by-laws required the directors to select a
Patron as editor and business manager. John B. Long became
president and signed a contract with S. A. Hayden in 1884
to become the business manager and one with J. F. Fuller,
editor of the Texas Farmer, to continue his editorship.
The office of the paper was moved to Dallas. The editor per-
sisted in dragging the journal into politics, which proved dam-
aging to the Grange and cooperative movement, and annoyed
the Patrons with his attacks upon Senators Richard Coke and
Samuel Bell Maxey.7o Considerable misunderstanding developed
between the business manager and editor and the Grangers
over the expenses incurred which had to be borne largely by
the Texas Codperative Association.71 J. S. Rogers began negotia-
tions with W. A. Shaw, a printer and publisher in Galveston,
to become editor of the paper.72 Relations between the Grangers
and the manager and editor became so strained that the direc-
tors refused to renew the agreement in 1885; they employed
Shaw as manager and editor. Shaw moved the printing plant
to Galveston and published the Farmer at the headquarters of
the Texas Cobperative Association. Though the paper was not
in a prosperous condition in 1886, the number of subscriptions
rose steadily during 1887 and 1888.
Despite all admonitions from Patrons, "Farmer" Shaw, who
was a verbose, plain-spoken individual, dragged the organ into
an open attack on the Farmers' Alliance and its leaders. Many
Grangers discontinued their subscriptions. The Alliance organ,
the Southern Mercury, defended its order and retaliated with
severe attacks upon the Grangers and their coiiperative system;
and other papers joined it."3 Shaw's participation in the dis-
cussion of political issues increased with the intensity of polit-
ical fever during the nineties.74 In 1892 the Farmer was prob-
ably the most active paper in the state in support of Hogg for
""Minutes of Texas Co6perative Association," pp. 120-121.
7Rose to Long, May 31, 1884, Rose Letter Book.
71S. J. Anderson to Rose, and Long to Rose, February 24, 1885, Rose
72Shaw to Rose, July 30, 1884, Shaw to Long, January 17, 1885, Rose
73Fort Worth Gazette (Fort Worth), May 25, 1888; Rose to Shaw, April
14, 1890, Rose Letter Book.
74Rose to Rogers, January 1, 1890, and January 13, 1891, Rose to
Mitchell, February 25, 1891, Rose Letter Book.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941, periodical, 1941; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/m1/57/: accessed January 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.