The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941 Page: 50
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
governor. Shaw's condemnation of Rogers as business manager
of the Grange agency caused the latter to stop using the paper
for advertising purposes."5 After 1893 the Grange and Texas
Cooperative Association were unable to support the Farmer
through advertisements and patronage. It gradually became
independent of the Grange, though it remained friendly to the
Order.7a Since 1913 the paper has been published as the Pro-
The Grangers also tried to enter the insurance business under
the Rochdale Plan. In 1875 Master Lang proposed a life in-
surance association established by the State Grange.77 It re-
mained for Rose to carry the idea to conclusion. He suggested
to the Texas CoSperative Association in January, 1880, that it
look into the matter of organizing a fire insurance company
and a bank on the Rochdale Plan as auxiliaries to the co-
iperative stores. Committees were appointed and drew up
by-laws for a company and began receiving subscriptions for
stock. The Grangers could not comply with the law requiring
that $100,000 worth of capital be paid in before beginning op-
eration.7" After two years of failure to evade this legal require-
ment, the Grangers, under the leadership of Rose, undertook
to use the influence of the Order at the Legislature to get the
law amended, but in this they were likewise unsuccessful.79
Ignoring the law, Rose, with the aid of twenty-five other
Grangers, on April 21, 1882, organized the Texas Mutual Fire
Insurance Association, Patrons of Husbandry. Its purpose was
to provide mutual indemnity against losses of property by fire
to the Grangers who took policies in the Association. When
J. S. Rogers, its secretary, had received subscriptions to policies
covering property worth $250,000, and the Association had
complied with the law, it could begin operation. Rose became
president of the proposed Association in 1882 and served until
'G. B. Lundy to Rose, May 31, 1891, Rose Papers.
7"Long to Rose, May 17, 1894, Rose Papers.
77Proceedings of Texas State Grange, 1875, p. 12.
78"Minutes of Texas Cooperative Association," pp. 50-51, 58, 75, 87;
Rose to A. W. Spaight, July 5, and September 22, 1881, with a copy of the
by-laws of the company attached, Rose Letter Book; Spaight to Rose,
July 12, 1881, Rose Papers.
7'Rose to A. J. Harris, and Rose to Spaight, April 12, 1882, Rose to
Aaron Jones, April 18, 1882, Rose Letter Book; Harris to Rose, April 15,
1882, Rose Papers.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941, periodical, 1941; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/m1/58/: accessed June 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.