The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941 Page: 52
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ing remained for him to do but to repay the assessments to
the holders of policies as far as the $385 in the treasury would
enable him and let the Association die a natural death.'
From the time that the Order entered Texas the Patrons were
interested in establishing agricultural fairs to educate the farm-
ers in Grange principles, to furnish occasions for social con-
tacts, and to serve as places for displaying improved farm ma-
chinery and demonstrating the latest methods of scientific farm-
ing and home management. In 1875 Master Lang suggested in
his annual address that the State Grange undertake a state
fair.", The idea did not receive expression until Master Rose
became its chief advocate. In 1885 he pointed out that the
average Grange fair established in the counties had been a dis-
appointment to the Patrons. In 1887 he recommended to the
State Grange that it employ the Rochdale Plan for establishing
a permanent "camp for the annual exhibits of live stock, farm
products, ladies' work of all kinds, and also open to exhibits of
farm implements and machinery, manufactured goods, and
wares and merchandise."" A committee of nine appointed in
the State Grange with Rose as chairman met in Dallas on
November 1, 1887, and in Temple in February, 1888, and at
the second conference organized the Texas State Grange Fair,
Immigration, Real Estate and Manufacturing Association, Pa-
trons of Husbandry, with Rose as president and "Farmer"
Shaw as secretary.93 The Texas Coiperative Association sub-
scribed to $2,500 of stock,94 but Patrons were very skeptical
about participating in the enterprise because of the demoraliza-
tion that had begun in the entire Grange movement."5 Citizens
of a number of Central Texas towns--chiefly Belton, McGregor,
Midlothian, and Morgan--opened negotiations with the com-
mittee, each desiring to furnish the meeting place for the fair.
After considerable bargaining the committee accepted the prop-
osition of the representatives of McGregor on February 19,
'0Rose to Lundy, March 5, 1900, Rose to S. M. Eeds, November 25, 1900,
Rose Letter Book.
91Proceedings of State Grange, 1875, p. 14.
s2Proceedings of Texas State Grange, 1887, appendix, p. 16.
93Proceedings of Texas State Grange, 1888, p. 14; Galveston Daily
News, November 3, 1887; Rose to J. M. Frazier, November 26, 1888, Rose
"4"Minutes of Texas Cooperative Association," p. 318.
95R. M. Womack to Rose, May 7, 1888, Rose Papers.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941, periodical, 1941; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/m1/60/: accessed November 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.