The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941 Page: 60
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
supposed to be seventy-five or one hundred miles distant.22 Thus
the documentary evidence indicates that the place where the
chase was given up was approximately sevwnty-five miles north-
west of Twin Lakes. A party was here dispatched from the
ranks for water. This group traveled northeast to Laguna
Plata.23 Thus two lines may be drawn-one northwest from
Twin Lakes, and one southwest from Yellow House Spring-
which would meet in the vicinity of this camp, and also, in
the locale of Nigger Hill. The reference to the blue sand hills
tends further to fix the location of this camp site at Nigger
Hill, for Cook says: "We had been travelling along north of
these [sand] hills for several miles." The normal course of the
great stretch of sand dunes of Eastern New Mexico is north
and south, but about four miles southwest of Nigger Hill the
sand crawl turns eastward and extends into Cochran County,
Texas.24 The evidence, then, says that the end of the trail was
both east and north of the sand hills, and Nigger Hill, reposing
in the angle, satisfies both demands. At least all this evidence
taken together means that the party was in the general vicinity
of Nigger Hill. Furthermore, a knowledge of the nature of the
Plains country will lead one to the reasonable hypothesis that
the Plains Indians, when flushed at Laguna Rica, started a
trail leading eventually to Dora Lake and to Portales Spring
in eastern New Mexico. " A direct trail might have been fol-
lowed, but the Indians gave their pursuers one of "saw-tooth"
variety "to finish them with thirst."
[this day of July 27,] we had marched about fifty-five miles under a
broiling sun over a barren sandy plain without water."
22W. Curtis Nunn, "Eighty-Six Hours Without Water on the Texas
Plains," in Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XLIII, p. 357. The air-
line distance from Nigger Hill to Twin Lakes is about seventy-five miles.
The King document further describes the topography of this day. "[The]
course lay over a gently undulating country, the soil dry, mostly of a
reddish color covered with bunches of short grass, here and there a
stunted mesquite bush, ten or fifteen inches high, and occasional twigs of
scrub oak of similar size."
2.The buffalo hunters also eventually went northeast and reached the
Silver Lake and Yellow House area.
24See map accompanying William T. Carter, Reconnaissance Soil Survey
of Northwest Texas for the bounds of the sand dune extensions into
2At Nigger Hill, the guide Jos6 thought that "Lost Lake" was not
over eight miles distant in the sand hills. The lake referred to was
probably the one immediately southwest of the present Dora, New Mexico.
The lake is now dry, but formerly had a permanent water supply.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941, periodical, 1941; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/m1/68/: accessed April 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.