The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942 Page: 223
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tiers were introducing them to Handel's "Messiah." The Nash-
ville Daily Gazette had in John L. Marling one of the finest
literary critics of the decade. While the city appears to have
produced no sculptor, great architect or outstanding men of
letters, her colleges could boast of scientists of national repute;
i. e., William Ferrel, the meteorologist, whose earlier studies
were published in the Nashville Journal of Medicine and Sur-
gery; Dr. Paul F. Eve, the surgeon; Gerard Troost, the geol-
ogist; and Dean John B. Lindsley, who inaugurated the Medical
School in 1851. Obviously, Nashville, the educational and med-
ical center of the middle South, was not the post-war creation
of Vanderbilt and Peabody. Rather, this distinction was the
result of an early interest in female education, a public school
system, a University with libraries containing over 14,000 vol-
umes, and a State Library of over 11,000 books by 1860.
Chapter IV explains the causes for the early and present day
prominence of Nashville as a religious publishing center. Since
1854 the Methodist Church has had a great publishing estab-
lishment, ably managed in the early days by Rev. John B. Mc-
Ferrin. Vermont-born James R. Graves expanded the local
Baptist paper by launching the Southern Baptist Review and
Eclectic in 1855. The Christian, Presbyterian and Catholic
churches were also strong while Jewish and Lutheran congre-
gations appeared before the end of the decade. Nashville's
theology remained essentially conservative, but evidences of
Spiritualism and Unitarianism caused no little argument.
The author seems a bit too optimistic about the local poetesses
and the support received by literary magazines. A glance at
the useful bibliography of periodicals will indicate the short
life of these attempts. (p. 219) Medical and religious publica-
tions fared much better. The fact that Mrs. F. B. Fogg pub-
lished at Nashville in 1858 a condemnation of Nott's theory
of the origin of the Negro indicates that not even the pro-
slavery conclusions of the "defense minded" medical students
satisfied a lady who could draw logical conclusions after ob-
serving black and white cats. Richard Owen's Key to the
Geology of the Globe (1857) and William Mulkey's Orthograph-
ical Spelling-Book (1857) bear witness to the stimulus of an
educational center, but A. S. Worrell's grammar of 1861 inten-
sified Nashville's intellectual rebellion against books from the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942, periodical, 1942; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146053/m1/237/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.