The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942 Page: 278
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Plains, preceding by several years that of Jefferson Davis,
which seems to have received little attention. On September 15,
1849, the Gazette noticed an article in the Boston Times on the
formation of a company in Boston "to introduce the use of
camels upon the great prairies of the West." The Texas editor
went on to comment: "A few hundred can be at once profitably
employed between Austin and the Upper Rio Grande." On June
22, 1850, the Gazette copied an article from the St. Louis Intel-
ligencer which announced that eleven camels had passed through
Cumberland, Maryland, on their way to St. Louis. Of the em-
ployment of camels, the St. Louis editor wrote: "We have not
a doubt but that the employment of camels across the plains
will come at once into general use, that they will at once super-
sede all other means of conveyance, between our western frontier
and the Pacific coast; both for travel and commerce.-When the
roads become more perfectly known and the advantages of
varying the routes in the different seasons, are understood,
the trip will be easily made in one month or less time. This
will furnish a communication more reliable than any telegraph
line can be, for years to come, and will anticipate for several
years the construction of the Pacific Rail road."
According to the Deed Records of Harris County, W, 613, the
Houston Tap and Brazoria Railroad, which ran from Houston
to Columbia on the Brazos, was one of the earliest Texian users
of the windmill. On March 30, 1860, James Mitchell, late of
Woodfield, Ohio, but then living in Galesburg, Illinois, granted
to the railroad, in consideration of $375, the right to manu-
facture and use his patented "wind wheel" on the company's
right-of-way from Houston to Wharton, to which the road was
The Deed Records of Travis County, C, 233, supplement S. W.
Geiser's interesting notes on early photography. On January
25, 1848, E. P. Whitfield granted to Alfred Smith, in consid-
eration of $191, a camera, baths, head rest, "States Cases,"
chemicals, and lot 1, block 121, Austin.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942, periodical, 1942; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146053/m1/312/: accessed July 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.