The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942 Page: 294
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Last Saturday at the Salt Works a few Miles from this place
a dispute took place between a White Man, a Labourer by the
Name of Watson and a Creek or Conchatta Indian.7 Watson
discharged a Gun at the Indian and Killed him Instantly, in
presence of several persons, who suffered him to load his gun
again & go away without Molestation, I did not hear of it till
tuesday when I sent out Warrants for his apprehention, the
Men have not returned & I doubt If he is taken, I have likewise
Sent for the relations of the Indian who are pretty numerous
& influential. I shall do all I can to Pacify them & hope to
prevent any attempt on their part to retaliate.
A Party of Caddo8 Indians lately returning from the Panis
Nation' were robed by a Party of Osages'o of 74 Horses; but
received no other injury they sent a runner to inform their
Chief of it, who immediately Set off with a Strong party of his
the city, began to fortify it in order to forestall Aaron Burr's conspiracy,
persuaded the merchants to suspend shipping, and, setting aside civil law,
arrested a Mr. Bollman and others believed to be connected with Burr.
This created a furore among certain citizens, who insisted that Governor
Claiborne restore the civil process. Francois-Xavier Martin, The History
of Louisiana (New Orleans, 1882), 336-341.
7In 1803, Sibley described the Coushattas as living on the east bank of
the Sabine, due south of Nacogdoches, about eighty miles distant. Several
families of them lived in detached settlements. The spoke the Creek lan-
guage. In 1807, some lived beyond the Sabine near the Neches River.
They migrated from Louisiana after its purchase by the United States.
The Spaniards planned to form a cordon of Indians between the Sabine
and Trinity Rivers, which would serve as a buffer against United States
aggression. Salcedo issued a decree for their admission in May, 1804.
Annals of Congress, 9th Cong., 2nd Sess., 1085-1086; Mattie Austin Hatcher,
The Opening of Texas, 76, 114-115, 119.
8The Caddo confederacy lived along Red River between Natchitoches and
the region of Texarkana. They were peaceable and friendly, practiced agri-
culture, and hunted on the western prairies. The best known tribes of this
confederacy were the Cadodacho, Petit Cado, Addes, Natchitoches, Yatasi,
Nassonte, and Nadaco. Sibley refers to the Cadodachos as Caddoques or
Caddo. He described them as living thirty-five miles west of the main
branch of Red River and about 120 miles distant from Natchitoches.
Annals of Congress, 9th Cong., 2nd Sess., 1076-1077; Herbert E. Bolton,
Texas in the Middle Eighteenth Century (Berkeley, University of Cali-
fornia Press, 1915), 21, 21.
'The Panis nation lived on the upper banks of Red River in the north-
eastern Panhandle of Texas. Sibley said the French call them Panis, and
the Spaniards Touraches. The Spanish authority, Father Jos6 Antonio
Pichardo, said that Sibley was in error, the Spaniards called them Tao-
bayaces [Taovayas]. Herbert E. Bolton states that the term Panis is
synonymous with Wichita; and that the principal divisions in Texas
included the Taovayas [or Taobayas], Tawakoni, Kichai, and Yscanis.
Herbert E. Bolton, Athanase de MiziBres and the Louisiana-Texas Frontier,
1768-1780 (Cleveland, 1914), I, 23, II, 81-85; Texas in the Middle Eight-
eenth Century, 4; Charles Wilson Hackett, Pichardo's Treatise, II, 232.
o1Sibley refers to the "lesser Osages, a tribe of Indians settled on the
Arkansa," who frequently made war upon the Cadodacho nation. Charles
Wilson Hackett, Pichardo's Treatise, II, 78.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942, periodical, 1942; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146053/m1/328/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.