The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942 Page: 332
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
tory and significance of the Texas revolution. They are a fine
example of compression and repression, and at least this once
they shall be read aloud:
The early policies of Mexico toward her Texas col-
onists had been extremely liberal. Large grants of land
were made to them, and no taxes or duties imposed.
The relationship between the Anglo-Americans and
Mexicans was cordial. But, following a series of rev-
olutions begun in 1829, unscrupulous rulers succes-
sively seized power in Mexico. Their unjust acts and
despotic decrees led to the revolution in Texas.
In June, 1832, the colonists forced the Mexican au-
thorities at Anahuac to release Wm. B. Travis and
others from unjust imprisonment. The battle of Ve-
lasco, June 26, and the battle of Nacogdoches, August
2, followed; in both the Texans were victorious. Ste-
phen Fuller Austin, "Father of Texas," was arrested
January 3, 1834, and held in Mexico without trial until
July, 1835. The Texans formed an army, and on No-
vember 12, 1835, established a provisional government.
The first shot of the revolution of 1835-36 was fired
by the Texans at Gonzales, October 2, 1835, in resist-
ance to a demand by Mexican soldiers for a small
cannon held by the colonists. The Mexican garrison
at Goliad fell October 9; the battle of Concepci6n was
won by the Texans, October 28. San Antonio was cap-
tured December 10, 1835, after five days of fighting in
which the indomitable Benjamin R. Milam died a hero,
and the Mexican army evacuated Texas.
Texas declared her independence at Washington-on-
the-Brazos, March 2. For nearly two months her
armies met disaster and defeat; Dr. James Grant's
men were killed on the Agua Dulce, March 2; William
Barrett Travis and his men sacrificed their lives at the
Alamo, March 6; William Ward was defeated at Re-
fugio, March 14; Amon B. King's men were executed
near Refugio, March 16; and James Walker Fannin
and his army were put to death near Goliad, March
On this field on April 21, 1836, the Army of Texas
commanded by General Sam Houston, and accompanied
by the Secretary of War, Thomas J. Rusk, attacked the
larger invading army of Mexicans under General Santa
Anna. The battle line from left to right was formed
by Sidney Sherman's regiment, Edward Burleson's
regiment, the artillery commanded by George W.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942, periodical, 1942; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146053/m1/374/: accessed November 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.