The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 92
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Assessments in that year amounted to $10,219,400, which was
twenty per cent of the total. The 1860 census showed that
seven per cent of the whites and seventeen per cent of the
slaves were in these seven counties." In that year, assessments
were $49,210,022, seventeen per cent of the total.?
In 1850 there were but one hundred and thirty-one more
whites than slaves in the seven counties," and in 1860 eight
hundred and sixty-four more slaves than whites.9 The con-
centration of slaves was due to the large plantations spread
along the waterways. These plantations produced staples which
were not locally consumed but required transportation to salt
water, by which they might be shipped to the North and abroad.
In 1850, the seven counties raised 8,826,400 pounds of cotton,
thirty-eight per cent of the entire Texas crop.'0 In 1860, they
produced 42,669,600 pounds, one quarter of the crop. In 1850,
they raised sixteen per cent each of the state production of
corn and livestock; ten years later, their share of the two
commodities amounted to fourteen per cent. Austin, Brazoria,
Fort Bend, Washington, and Wharton, in 1850, produced 5,297,-
000 pounds of sugar, seventy-two per cent of the entire state
production, and in 1860 Brazoria and Fort Bend alone pro-
duced 4,306,000 pounds, eighty-four per cent of the total. In
both cases, Brazoria produced all of the Texas sugar except
for a very small amount. In addition to the refined sugar, the
counties produced 330,269 gallons of molasses in 1850 and
351,670 in 1860.
It is evident from these figures that the seven counties were
wealthy and that they produced bulky and heavy goods re-
quiring transportation more adequate than the slow, cumber-
some ox- and mule-wagons that wallowed in the mud of the
Brazos bottoms and prairies. Corn was probably produced al-
most exclusively for feeding livestock (the two percentages are
identical), but cotton, sugar, molasses, and livestock were pro-
)Report of the Comptroller, For the Years 1850 & 1851 (Austin, 1851),
OJoseph C. G. Kennedy (comp.), Population of the United States in 1860
. . . (Washington, 1864), 484-86.
7Biennial Report of the Comptroller of Texas, for the Fiscal Years 1860-
1861. Published by Order of the Ninth Legislature (Austin, 1861), 50-73.
"DeBow, The Seventh Census, 503-04.
9Kennedy, Population of the United States in 1860, 484-86.
10These conclusions are drawn from figures presented in DeBow, The
Seventh Census, 515-20, and Joseph C. G. Kennedy (comp.), Agriculture
of the United States in 1860 . . . (Washington, 1864), 140-51.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/110/: accessed July 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.