The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 121
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Life of General Don Manuel de Mier y Terdn
systematically so as to form streets; but on the con-
trary, lie in an irregular and desultory manner. Its
population is nearly two hundred persons of whom only
ten are Mexicans, for the balance all are Americans
from the North with an occasional European.
There were two stores in the settlement, one of which sold
only whiskey, rum, sugar, and coffee; and the other, rice, flour,
lard, and cheap cloth. Most of the settlers had as their principal
fare salted meat, corn bread, coffee, and home-made cheese, to
which a few added strong liquor. The settlers, according to
Sanchez, were lazy, and depended upon their slaves to do the
work. Some of the settlers treated their slaves harshly. Turn-
ing his attention to the colony as a whole, SAnchez continued:
Beyond the village in an immense stretch of land
formed by rolling hills are scattered the families
brought by Stephen Austin, which today number more
than two thousand persons. The diplomatic policy of
this empresario, evident in all his actions, has, as one
may say, lulled the authorities into a sense of security,
while he works diligently for his own ends. In my
judgment, the spark that will start the conflagration
that will deprive us of Texas, will start from this
Mier y TerAn's notes are significant because they give us an
idea of the nature of his observations wherever he went on this
expedition. Some of his ideas on Texas in general and his plans
for Texas at a later period were undoubtedly based on his ob-
servations at San Felipe de Austin and Nacogdoches. A few
extracts from which general notes on Indian tribes are omitted
April 27-San Felipe de Austin-
Wind from the S and SE-fog-Warm day. At
7:30 began march through hills; meadows; smooth, but
muddy sandy road. At 11:30 arrived at the village
of Austin: received by his secretary at the limits.
He led us to a house which had been prepared for our
600 sacks of lint cotton weighing 400 pounds at 8
pesos a hundred in the colony: in Orleans, 10 pesos
a hundred: duties: if it is for consumption there, 3
pesos, and if it is for exportation, 7.5 sueldos or cents,
34C. E. Castafieda, "A Trip to Texas in 1828," in The Southwestern
Historical Quarterly, XXIX, 270-271.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/139/: accessed March 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.