The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 192
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
from Louisiana." Such expressions are at variance, however,
with census figures which he cites on page 400. There he shows
that in 1810 B6xar (San Antonio) had a civilian population
of 1700, La Bahia (Goliad) 405, Nacogdoches 655, San Marcos
82, and Salcedo 91. Undoubtedly some foreigners had drifted
in and taken oot-Samuel Davenport, William Barr, James
Dill, and others-no doubt also scattered immigrants escaped
the census; but the flood of immigration was not yet inundating
Chapters II, III, and IV are devoted primarily to church
activities-the secularization of the missions near San Antonio
and Goliad (all others had been abandoned); the founding of
Mission Refugio, near the coast; and dwindling efforts at mis-
sionary control of the Indians, 1783-1801. Pages 40-66 describe
the process of secularizing the missions, that is, placing them
under ministrations of parish priests and removing them from
the guardianship of the Franciscan friars. Lands and chattels
of the missions were divided among the resident Indian fam-
ilies, now greatly reduced in number. The record was in sad
contrast with that of the missions at the height of their develop-
ment, but comparison with the census of 1810 (pp. 406-8)
suggests the measure of protection which the missionaries had
previously given the resident Indians under their charge.
Chapter XI, the last, is a description of Texas at the begin-
ning of 1810-partly summary of preceding chapters and
partly a collection of interesting miscellaneous information that
did not fit into the plan of earlier chapters-the first hospital
in Texas; the first dentist; peculiar ordinances regulating hitch-
ing of teams and registration of vehicles in San Antonio; and
an interesting description and inventory of ranches and ha-
ciendas in the vicinity of San Antonio.
The index is adequate, and the bibliography fills thirty-two
pages. Not the least valuable of Professor Castafieda's services
to future historians is his organization of the voluminous ma-
terial touching his subject, most of it in manuscript form and
much of it never before used.
EUGENE C. BARKER
The University of Texas
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/210/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.