The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 256
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LIFE OF GENERAL DON MANUEL
DE MIER Y TERAN
AS IT AFFECTED TEXAS-MEXICAN RELATIONS
THE SPANISH INVASION, 1829
In November, 1825, the last Spanish possession in Mexico,
the fortress of San Juan de Ulia, fell into the hands of the re-
public. But the capture did not put an end to the strife between
the mother country and the new republic. From 1825 to 1828,
Mexican ships raided Spanish commerce; in Mexico there was
a feeling of hatred towards Spaniards and things Spanish.
Every means was resorted to to keep up the fight against the
former ruling class, who were accused of being incessant con-
spirators against the national independence. Continued agita-
tion, fostered by Victoria and later by Guerrero, resulted in
1827 in a national decree of expulsion, which sorely wounded
the pride of the Spanish government. The exiles undoubtedly
exaggerated the far from ideal political and economic conditions
in Mexico, and Spain gathered reason to believe that a favorable
moment had arrived to reconquer her former domain. Not only
were the Spaniards reckless in their attempt at reconquest, but
their actions showed that they were seriously misinformed as
to the actual situation in Mexico. They had listened so eagerly
to reports of disorders that they had convinced themselves that
the Mexicans were disgusted with their experiment in self-
government and that the mere presence of a Spanish force in
their midst would cause the people to rise en masse to return
to their old allegiance.
News of Spanish preparations began to reach Mexico through
various channels early in the spring of 1829. While Berlandier
was in New Orleans, in April, he sent Mier y TerAn a clipping
from a newspaper published at that place which gave an extract
from a letter from a merchant in Havana to a citizen in New
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/287/?rotate=90: accessed July 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.