The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 29

By 1800, Texas was one of a group of political subdivisions
of New Spain known as the Provincias Internas, the Interior
Provinces. In 1813, these provinces were divided geographical-
ly into an eastern and a western group. Texas, Coahuila, Nuevo
Le6n, and Nuevo Santander (now Tamaulipas) were included
in the group known as the Provincias Internas de Oriente, or
Eastern Interior Provinces. A commandant, with headquarters
at Monterrey, exercised both civil and military control over
them; within the province of Texas, the highest civil authority
was the governor at San Antonio de B6xar. A military com-
mander was in charge of all troops in Texas; his headquarters
were also at B6xar. In each settlement there was an ayunta-
miento presided over by an alcalde; the authority of these
municipal councils was limited to purely local and minor mat-
ters. Texas was looked upon by Spain as a missionary province;
the centers of Spanish culture and influence were the missions.
Those of most importance were located at B6xar, La Bahia
(Goliad), and in the neighborhood of Nacogdoches; presidios
had been established to furnish protection to the missionary
centers. An important, but extremely troublesome element of
the population of early Texas was its Indian tribes; the in-
habitants were in a constant state of fear because of the frequent
attacks on the missionary centers by the Comanches, Apaches,
and other hostiles.
Before the close of the eighteenth century, Spain became
aware of a new danger to her interests in Texas, that of the
Anglo-Americans. The transfer of Louisiana to Spain in 1762
eliminated the danger of French encroachment, but Spanish
authorities at New Orleans had to guard against the immigra-
tion of inhabitants of the United States into the region. One

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. ( accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.