The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 320
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Southwestern Historical Quarterly
a Large Stock of Cattle. The Chactoosl a Very Ancient
Tribe of Louisiana Indians are in a Similar Situation to the
Boluxos. The Principal Village of the Pascagolas [Pascagoulas]
is on Red River about 50 Miles below Natchitoches On Lands
Given them by the Spanish Government More than 40 Years
Ago when they emigrated from the Pascagolo [Pascagoula]
River on the East Side of the Mississippi. Their Lands are
Claimed by an Individual Under an Indian purchase Sanctioned
by the Spanish Government. In Consequence of which The
Tribe have become divided & Scattered. One party of them
Under a Chief or leader has Gone & Settled themselves On
Lands belonging to the United States below Avoyal Partly
between Oppolousas [Opelousas] & Point Cupe [Pointe Coupie].
Another party of them have Ascended, & Settled On Red River
about 50 Miles above Natchitoches on Lands of the United
States in the Vicinity of the Compte Settlement, a Small dis-
tance above where the Natchitoches Indians now live. The
Neighbouring white Inhabitants Complain of their Killing up
their Stocks of Cattle, Hogs etc & those of them who Still
Remain at the Old Village are Urged to Move off by the Claimant
of their Lands. The Lands Occupied by the Tensaw
[Tenisaw] or Appelach Indians"2 On Red River a few Leagues
above the Rapides are Claimed by the Same Company who have
Succeeded in Removing the Boluxas & the Huani Choctaws.
There are likewise Several Rambling Tribes of Choctaws in
this Territory who have no Lands (viz) in the Parishes of
Washita, Acatahola, on Bay Chico in the Parish of Oppolousas
[Opelousas], about Rapides and between this Town & the Sabine.
There are likewise Several parties of emigrant Vag-
abond Creeks, Commonly Called Conchettas, one party of them
with Some Alibamis have Settled on Red River about Latitude
32 400; Another On the East Side of the River Sabine about
70 Miles South westwardly from Natchitoches, Some On the
West Side of the Sabine, & Some who have no fixed place of
residence.-Difficulties of one Kind & Another occur almost
every day between Some of these tribes, or between some of
those & other Settled Tribes or Nations, or between them &
the White Inhabitants, or they have Some wants [manuscript
illegible] Nation or Tribe to represent, which Claims an atten-
6'In 1805 Sibley described the Chactoos as living on the Bayou Boeuf
about ten miles south of Bayou Rapides on Red River towards Opelousas,
that they were aborigines of the country, and that the lands they claimed
were "inferior to no part of Louisiana in fertility and richness of soil, and
growth of timber." Hackett, Pichardo's Treatise, II, 272.
21In Sibley's historical sketches he spells the word Apalachies, and does
not make the Apalachies and the Tenisaws the same tribe. The Tenisaw,
he said, emigrated from a river by that name, which emptied into Mobile
Bay, and that they had lived on Red River for about forty years. The
Apalachies he described as emigrants from West Florida, where they had
lived on a river which bears their name, and that they had come to Red
River about the same time as the Biloxes. Ibid., II, 270, 272.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/353/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.