The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 32
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
against what many considered the abandonment of Texas by
the United States in the Treaty of 1819; its avowed purpose
was to liberate Texas from Spain and to encourage the revolu-
tion then smouldering in Mexico. A provisional government
was organized at Nacogdoches and Texas was declared to be
an independent republic. While Long was on a trip to Galveston
Island, to confer with Jean Lafitte, his forces were driven out.
Two years later, he entered Texas with another group of fol-
lowers and captured Goliad. This success was only momentary,
as Goliad was almost immediately retaken by the forces of
Mexico, which had by this time become independent.3 The ex-
peditions of Nolan, Gutierrez and Magee, and Long were looked
upon by many in Mexico as organized attempts on the part of
the Anglo-Americans to take Texas. Their principal importance
was that they brought Texas to the attention of people in both
Mexico and the United States.
In 1822-1823, there began a new era in Texas history. The
door was opened to peaceful penetration from the outside when
Stephen F. Austin went to Mexico City and secured a confirma-
tion of his father's grant of land in Texas and a contract to
settle three hundred families there. The General Colonization
Law under which Austin's contract was secured was soon after
suspended, but the Congress of the republic enacted another in
1824, which retained most of the principles of the imperial act.
We have seen that Texas and Coahuila were admitted to the
federation as a single state in the same year. In August of
1824 a state congress was installed at Saltillo and in March,
1825, a state colonization law was passed. Immigrants who
fulfilled the requirements of the federal law were invited to
settle in Coahuila and Texas, and many individuals hastened to
secure contracts similar to the one held by Austin. In a short
while there was a steady stream of settlers pouring into Texas
to take advantage of the opportunities to secure land offered
by these contractors or empresarios.4
The grant made to Haden Edwards included lands in the
region of Nacogdoces. His contract called for the settlement
of eight hundred families. Some of this region had been early
occupied by Spanish colonists, and many of the old land titles
were still in existence. There were several Mexican families
3G. P. Garrison, Texas, 121-123.
4E. C. Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, 25-167; G. P. Garrison,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/36/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.