The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 34
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
easy thenceforth to find further grievances. The incident may
be regarded as the beginning of Mexico's tightening-up on its
liberal immigration policy.
There seems to be a clear-cut connection between Mier y
TerAn's inspection of Texas in 1828-1829 and the series of
events just enumerated. The United States recognized the inde-
pendence of Mexico in 1822 and from that time it was necessary
to deal with that country on matters concerning the south-
western boundary; the first Mexican minister to Washington,
Zozaya, was instructed to ascertain the views of the United
States with reference to the limits of Louisiana. He was told
that the imperial Mexican government considered the Treaty
of 1819 valid and desired to carry out its provisions for estab-
lishing permanent landmarks along the boundary between the
two countries. There is no doubt that Mexico feared United
States aggression in Texas even before the Fredonian rebellion;
secret agents were sent out from Mexico City into the province
as early as 1822 to try to learn the intentions of the United
States in regard to Texas. The Mexican charge d'affaires in
Washington, Torrens, wrote Lucas Alaman in October, 1823, to
spare nothing to have the boundary which had been agreed
upon by the United States and Spain confirmed and marked
out. In 1824, having learned that the time for appointing com-
missioners to mark the boundary had expired, Torrens asked
that the limits between the two countries be fixed according to
Article III of the Treaty of 1819. Later in the same year,
Pablo Obreg6n, the new minister to Washington, was instructed
to pay particular attention to the boundary question and to
negotiate a treaty of limits as early as possible. At the time
Joel R. Poinsett was appointed minister from the United States
to Mexico in 1825, nothing had been done about the settlement
of the boundary, and on July 12, 1825, Poinsett held his first
conference with Alaman on the question. He suggested that,
although the government of the United States held itself bound
to carry into effect the treaty of limits as concluded with Spain,
still it would appear more becoming to the independent char-
acter of the government of Mexico to lay aside that treaty alto-
gether, and endeavor to establish a boundary which might be
more easily defined and mutually more advantageous. Alaman
suggested that a commission be appointed to confer on the
matter, but Poinsett objected that this would take at least two
years and thus negotiations would only be further delayed.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/38/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.