The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 39
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Life of General Don Manuel de Mier y Terdn
Even before the appropriating measure was passed, the execu-
tive department was going ahead with its plans to launch the
expedition, and preliminary instructions were issued to Mier y
Teran on July 21, 1827. The information collected by Pichardo
and Talamantes was delivered to him on the same date."' He was
to look over the country near the boundary as defined in the
Treaty of 1819, and evidence seems to point to the fact that he
originally intended to explore the entire region as far west
as Santa Fe. These instructions and accompanying documents
were acknowledged on September 10, but Mier y Teran was
not satisfied with some of the details and asked for supple-
mentary information. He was primarily concerned with finances,
and wanted to know just how free he would be in purchasing
equipment and selecting help; also, he wanted a definite state-
ment from the executive as to just how much he would be
entitled to demand of the military and political authorities of
the country he was preparing to visit." Two days later came
additional instructions, not from Espinoza, but from Minister
of War and Navy Pedraza; these instructions are more signifi-
cant than those issued by the executive to the boundary com-
mission. Mier y Teran was to mark all points on the dividing
line between the two countries, as delineated in the Treaty of
1819, which should be garrisoned and fortified. He was to in-
material which forms a part of the Wagner Collection of the Yale Uni-
versity Library. That used in this study is listed under the following
titles: L. Berlandier, Voyage aux limites Nord-Est de la Republique
Mexicaine. Observations physiques et astronomiques pour S. Exc. Mr le
general Teran, 620 pp.; Note des Observations a faire dans les voyages,
222 pp.; Notes sur la premiere revolution de Texas, 1813, 70 pp.; M. de
Mier y Teran, ComisiOn de Limites, Diario, 158 pp.; J. M. SAnchez, Apunte
geografico y fisico de Nacogdoches, June, 1828, 8 pp.
In 1850, various notes collected by Berlandier and Chovell were published
in Mexico under the title Diario de Viage de la Comisi6n de Limites que
puso el Gobierno de la Republica, bajo la direcci6n del Exmo. Sr. General
de Division D. Manuel de Mier y Terdn. The University of Texas (Barker)
Transcripts include Mier y TerAn's diary from May 26, 1828, to July 3,
1828, together with some interesting observations on Indian tribes en-
countered in the Nacogdoches region. This matter was transcribed from
the Archivo General de la Nacidn, Fracci6n 1, Legajo 7, operaciones mili-
tares, 1836. An interesting, amusing, and most human account is the diary
of SAnchez from Laredo, February 2, 1828, to Nacogdoches, July 3, 1828,
translated by C. E. Castafieda. See "A Trip to Texas in 1828," in The
Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XXIX, 249-288. There is a copy of
this diary in the Archives of The University of Texas Library.
6GJuan Jos6 Espinoza to Mier y Teran, July 21, 1827, Archivo General
de Mexico, Guerra, 1827-1831, Frac. 1, Leg. 7, The University of Texas
1TMier y Teran to Espinoza, September 10, 1827, Ibid.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/43/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.