The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 42
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
conducting a scientific expedition of the character contemplated.
Mier y TerAn's natural aptitude for mathematics, his love of
science, his long hours spent in study, his general character
coupled with his sincere patriotism, possibly made him the best
fitted man in the republic for the task before him.22
The route of the expedition from Mexico City to Laredo was
over a well-established road. This first lap was utilized to ac-
custom the various members to the types of duties they would
be expected to perform in the boundary region. By November
17, the caravan had reached Quer6taro, where a three-day halt
was called. The next long stop was at Guanajuato, November
25 to 29. Eleven days, from December 3 to 14, were spent at
San Luis Potosi, and eight at Saltillo. Juan Antonio Padilla,
Secretary of State for Coahuila and Texas, wrote to Stephen
F. Austin giving him only a vague idea of Mier y Terin's plans
after leaving Saltillo:
Teran is now in Monterrey and soon will go from
there to the presidios as far as Bexar. He was here for
a few days. He is a man of much knowledge, under-
standing, and astuteness, not easy to become friendly
with, holds strictly to convention, is formidable with
his logic and persuasion, and is of an analytical turn
of mind.. .
The commission moved forward at a leisurely pace. It reached
Monterrey on January 7, 1828, and remained at that place until
Meanwhile, events in Mexico City had been moving at a rapid
pace. It was unfortunate for the conduct of relations between
the United States and Mexico that Joel R. Poinsett was in Mex-
ico during a period of intense rivalry between two groups of
the Masonic order, the old Scottish rite lodge and the more
recently organized York rite group. The Yorkists stood for
liberalism and a full republican organization, while the Scottish
22Obreg6n's letter to Clay, March 19, 1828, in which he intimated that
the commission had just been appointed, and the fact that its leaving
received no press notices whatever may indicate that for some reason the
government desired that its activities be carried out secretly until the
treaty was out of the way. The only advantage of this, of course, would
be an opportunity to make a preliminary survey of the region in question.
Mier y Teran left Mexico City with a heavy heart. Three days before
the expedition set out, death claimed his two-year old son. J. M. Tornel y
Mendivil, Breve Reseiia, 173.
23Padilla to Austin, January 12, 1828, in E. C. Barker, ed., The Austin
Papers, II, 5-6.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/46/: accessed July 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.