The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 436
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
of Fray Marcos, but that is unnecessary in a popular narrative.
The book has an attractive format with a preface by the General
Editor, Reverend Joseph Husslein, S. J., though it has no table
of contents, index, or chapter headings for the twenty-six
A suggested subtitle, "Fray Marcos and the Coronado Ad-
venture," is appropriate. Miss Farnum gives a full account
of the reconnoitering expedition to verify Cabeza de Vaca's
reported rumors of the golden cities by Fray Marcos, Estevan
the Moor, and Indian companions; Marcos's encouraging re-
port of Cibola; the march to Cibola by the noble array of
conquistadores under the leadership of Don Francisco VAsquez
de Coronado, accompanied by Fray Marcos; the great dis-
appointment; and the return of the discredited friar to mis-
sionary activities in Jalapa and Xochimilco. Indian customs
and the country are described. Character portrayals are vivid.
Coronado, a young nobleman, is devoted to his wife but in-
terested in gold. Disobeying the orders of Fray Marcos, the
ambitions and greedy Estevan parades into Cibola, demanding
women and turquoises. Perhaps it was his disobedience that
brought later grief to Fray Marcos.
Miss Farnum does not question the veracity of Fray Marcos,
whose exaggerated report, she asserts, was due to atmospheric
conditions in New Mexico and to the strained imagination of
Marcos who believed Indian tales. Marcos is portrayed as
a devout Franciscan friar, with gentleness, winning friendly
Indians to pave the way for Spanish conquerors and, with zeal,
suffering untold hardships for God's glory and for the salvation
of Indian souls when conquistadores, competing against each
other, were searching for gold, glory, and new realms for Spain.
The picture conforms with the age of the Spanish conquista-
dores in America and will give the general reader not only
an acquaintance with Fray Marcos but also an appreciation of
some of the noble work of the missionaries among the American
ANNA I. POWELL
North Texas State Teachers College
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/485/: accessed April 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.