The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 442
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
slight attention. The discussion of the Virginia regional con-
flict of 1828-1831, from the standpoint of enlightening the
student, leaves much to be desired.
The work places strong emphasis upon the period of the
Civil War, devoting almost one-fifth of the number of pages
to that section. The author follows traditional lines, however,
and neglects the Southwest. Banks's Red River campaign of
1864 is dismissed with the sentence, "The Red River expedition
was caused by, and failed because of, cotton speculators." In
mentioning the salt works of the Confederacy no reference is
made to those of North Louisiana or to the discovery of the
rock salt mine on Avery Island.
The South since 1865 is the subject matter of about one-
third of the volume, and this section of the book does not suffer
by comparison with the preceding pages. The treatment of
the reconstruction era is exceedingly good. The author lays
bare the motives of the Republicans and the industrialists
in promoting their own political and economic schemes in
the confusion and the prostration of the postwar South. The
last five chapters deal ably with such subjects as agriculture,
industry, education, politics, and race problems. This part
of the volume, more than any other, presents material not
found in texts on the general subject of American history.
In spite of revision, several errors remain. Nat Turner's
insurrection was in 1831, not 1830 (p. 207); New Orleans,
with a total population of about 8,000 in 1800, could not have
had 18,000 free Negroes (p. 289) ; Port Hudson is in Louisiana,
not Mississippi (p. 439); and the student is surprised to read
that "During the summer of 1865" the number of Federal
prisoners at Andersonville increased to over 30,000 (p. 462).
The volume is abundantly illustrated with portraits of
leaders and pictures of Southern life; it is deficient in good
maps. A few statistical tables, in the reviewer's opinion, would
have improved the book. The bibliography is extensive and
excellent. In fact, Professor Hesseltine has written a good
text for which students and teachers of American history will
J. D. BRAGG
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/491/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.