The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944 Page: 83
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thirty-first parallel as its northern boundary, "did not include
certain considerable settlements on the Mississippi, or even
Mobile and adjacent territory." Johnstone was right about the
distant settlements on the Mississippi, but about Mobile he
was in error. Why, the author does not reveal. The easiest
explanation that one can make for Johnstone's error is that he
did not know the geography of his province.
West Florida had five civil governors, and its government
was that of a typical royal colony. The governor's council
could act in a legislative capacity as the colonial legislature's
upper house, and an assembly, chosen from districts on the basis
of proportional representation, formed the lower house. The
assembly, as the fourth chapter reveals, "met only from 1766
to 1771, with a short but turbulent session in 1778 . . ." The
legislature's acts became laws either after approval by the
governor or, if they contained a suspending clause, after ap-
proval by the Board of Trade and the Privy Council. The
courts of the colony resembled very closely those which Georgia
In view of the fact that the Townshend Duty Act of 1767
said in its preamble that the revenue to be raised by the act
was to be used not only for the protection, maintenance, and
defence of the colonies but also for the support of the executive
and judicial branches, wherever it was deemed necessary, it is
interesting to observe that the Proclamation of 1763 provided
for an annual support fund for both of the Floridas. Georgia
and Nova Scotia also enjoyed the annual support fund. In the
case of West Florida this annual support varied from 3900
Professor Johnson tells his story in nine chapters which bear
the following titles: Background and Beginnings; The Ad-
ministration of Governor Johnstone; Provincial Politics, 1767-
1772; The Legislature; The Distribution of Land; Westward
Expansion, 1770-1779; Life and Labor; The Conquest of the
Province; and The Place of West Florida in the British Colonial
Scheme. A bibliographical note of eight pages is a very help-
ful feature. On the whole, the book is very well done and fully
meets one's expectations.
R. L. BIESELE
The University of Texas
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944, periodical, 1944; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/m1/87/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.