The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945 Page: 6
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Adriance and his name is indelibly connected with the Texas laws and
Texas history. Now in the twilight of life he spends his days among his
papers. He is past the eighty-year mark, but he is as bright and keen
in intellect as a man of sixty. His library is large and well stocked, but
of all his books and manuscripts those that will be most highly prized
are the ones that deal with the days of Houston and of Austin and the
noble band of men whose valorous deeds made luminous the story of the
After telling how Columbia, the present East Columbia, had
declined as a commercial center over the years, Spillane
But if Columbia has been distanced in the great race of trade, no place
in all Texas can rival it in historic lore. Less than two miles west of the
town [in West Columbia] on a noble thoroughfare called the Avenue
there stands the ruin of a structure, every part of which should be held
sacred by the people of Texas. It is a barn-like old building, all battered
and decayed, its roof broken in and its doors and windows shattered and
gone, but in the old house scenes were enacted of which, alas, too little
is known, for that building was part of the first capitol of the republic
I went to Mr. Adriance and asked him to tell me the history of the old
building I had seen. He said it had been the first house of representatives
of the republic. There was a somewhat larger building to the south of it
which was the senate chamber, but it was torn down years ago.
"The two buildings," said Mr. Adriance, "were originally put up for
use as stores. The one that became the senate chamber was occupied by
White and Knight, who came to Texas in 1826. The house of repre-
sentatives was occupied by a merchant named Kelsey. There were a great
many log buildings nearby which were used by the different depart-
ments of the republic for offices."
There is no doubt that there was an understanding between
President Burnet and the former publishers of the Telegraph
and Texas Register about the re-establishment of that paper.
During the spring and early summer of 1836, Texas was without
a newspaper, the hand press of the Telegraph having been
thrown into Buffalo Bayou at Harrisburg April 14 by Santa
Anna's army. A new press had been purchased in Cincinnati
to be installed, it appears, at the town most likely to become
the capital of the Republic. On August 2, 1836, the Telegraph
began publication at Columbia, following Burnet's proclamation
of July 23. Burnet no doubt thought that Congress would
select Columbia as the capital, and certainly this must have
been the belief of the publishers of the Telegraph. Later they
lost no time in moving their paper to Houston when the newly
laid-out town on Buffalo Bayou was made the capital. In fact
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945, periodical, 1945; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/m1/10/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.