The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945 Page: 14
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
12th.-We arrived at Rio Grande, having left Nava 14 leagues
to the left; road good and level; pasture, but no water until
reaching the river.
13th.-At the Rio Grande; weather stormy; thermometer 51;
the Americans burnt the bridge over the river Nueces; the
Division left the day before under the command of Sr. Sesma.
14th.-At the Rio Grande; the weather moderates; ther-
mometer 46; our baggage arrived at 6 P. M. after dark.
15th.-At the Rio Grande; weather good; thermometer 56;
fine weather for traveling; despatched a part of the corre-
16th.-At 41 P. M. started from Rio Grande, after writing
until 3 in the afternoon; arrived at La Pefia 11 o'clock at
night; distance 12 leagues.
17th.-Exceedingly hot at mid-day on the Nueces; from
La Pefia to La Espantora, 5 leagues; to the river Nueces 11,
and to La Fortuga [Tortuga], 3 leagues.
18th.-To La Leona, 8 leagues; to No lo Digas, 4 leagues;
19th.-At the Rio Frio, 5 leagues; found there in the morning
the Division of Sr. Ramirez; little pasture; made a new bridge;
the division crossed in the afternoon.
20th.-Started for Arroyo Seco, 4 leagues; to Tahuacan,
2 leagues; to Rio Hondo, 2 leagues, making 8 leagues. The night
was clear and pleasant, morning cloudy, 72 of Farenheit;
day cloudy, misty, no rain.
Thus far to day. We have only a few observations to make.
The publication of this authentic document, will be interesting
on many accounts. The question of Texian Independence, is
rapidly becoming the absorbing topic of the present day. Mex-
ico, the United States, Great Britain, and France will all take
a deep interest in the astounding events of the last six months.
The creation of a new nation by the arms of a few brave men,
will establish a new principle of action among mankind. The
romantic enterprizes of Cortez and Pizarro, are about to be
renewed by a different race, and under a new auspices. Religion
was the impulse that overthrew the ancient races of this con-
tinent, and established a fresh people over their ruins. Liberty
is now the watchword, that may drive Spanish superstition
and Spanish cruelty, not only from Texas, but from all South
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945, periodical, 1945; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/m1/18/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.