The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945 Page: 194
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the business or the quarrels of the civilians. The results were
salutary; in a short time, the troops were respected as the pro-
tectors of the citizens. The legal inhabitants of the town were
encouraged in peaceful habits of life and were assured that
they would be safe in their homes and on the streets of Mata-
moros during business hours. Mier y Teran re-established con-
fidence in legal commerce, and made conditions unpleasant for
those who were there for no good. His work was characterized
as being more like that of a good padre than of a military com-
After his own men had been placed under strict regulations,
the military commandant then insisted that the civil officials
assist in establishing order. He called the attention of the
alcalde to lack of proper jail facilities and required him to pro-
vide for the separation of prisoners according to the nature of
the crimes committed. He saw the danger to human life in the
wooden jail and required that masons and bricklayers be put
to work immediately on a structure of brick and stone.43
As might be expected, Matamoros was exposed to epidemics
of various diseases. To combat the smallpox scourge, Mier y
Teran obtained and distributed vaccine to the troops and citi-
zens of the port. Luis Berlandier, who had accompanied the
boundary expedition to Texas as physician, zoologist, and
botanist, assisted in the distribution of the vaccine.44
Matamoros, besides being the headquarters for the command-
ancy of the Eastern Interior Provinces, was the logical collect-
42E1 Museo Mexicano, II, 128; C. M. de Bustamante, Cuadro Hist6rico,
43Mier y Teran to the Alcalde of Matamoros, April 29, (XXII) and August
28, 1830 (XXI), The Matamoros Archives.
44Mier y Teran to the Alcalde, March 23, and 25, 1830, ibid., (XXII).
The fiction of a boundary commission was maintained until late in 1831.
Berlandier, Tarnava, Batres, and SAnchez served in the state of Tamaulipas
as members of various expeditions. See Mier y Teran, "Instructions to
Tarnava and Berlandier," Matamoros, July 18, 1830; Alaman to Mier y
Teran, Mexico City, July 23, 1830; Mier y TerAn to Alamin, Matamoros,
October 14, 1830; Tarnava to Mier y Teran, Altamira, January 31, and
February 1, 1831. Archivo General de Mxico, Guerra, Frac. 1, Leg. 7,
op. mil., 1836, The University of Texas (Barker) Transcripts; Diario de
Viage, 154-248, 283-298. Besides directing these activities in Tamaulipas,
Mier y Teran, during the summer of 1830, carried on an extensive corre-
spondence with Jos6 Maria Tornel, who was then in the United States, con-
cerning the Texas-Louisiana boundary and the historical significance of the
La Salle expedition to Texas in 1685. Jos6 Maria Tornel, Envoy Extraordi-
nary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Mexican Legation, Baltimore, July 1,
and November 20, 1830, to Alaman; J. M. Tornel to Van Buren, November
20, 1830; Mier y Teran to Tornel, Matamoros, September 8, 1830, in Archivo
de Relaciones Exteriores, Asuntos Varios, caja 2, 1830 A 1834, The Uni-
versity of Texas (Barker) Transcripts.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945, periodical, 1945; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/m1/212/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.