The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945 Page: 342
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
this early impression was immediately corrected. The force
was a regularly organized body of Mexican soldiers under the
command of General Adrian Woll, a Frenchman in the service
of Mexico. The Mexicans opened their cannon fire upon San
Antonio as soon as it was light enough to aim the guns; and,
as the invading force entered the town, the Texans immediately
began to return the fire, killing a dozen or more of the Mexicans.
Under the protection of a white flag, Colonel Carrasco, one
of General Woll's officers, entered the ranks of the Texans and
demanded to know if they were not aware of the fact that they
were fighting a regular army force of Mexicans numbering ap-
proximately fifteen hundred men. He demanded that the Texans
immediately surrender; and, after some argument and consider-
able discussion pro and con, this the San Antonio contingent
agreed to do, after first demanding and receiving from General
Woll the assurance that lives would be spared and no property
harmed in any way except for the seizure of their guns and
The fifty-five Texans and one loyal Mexican, who fought for
his adopted town, were disarmed, huddled into a compact
group under the close guard of soldiers, and refused the privilege
of going to their homes for food or clothing. Many of those made
prisoner were not even citizens of San Antonio but were there
for the meeting of the District Court, which was then in session.
After four days' confinement in San Antonio the fifty-five
men who had been made prisoners were ordered to begin their
march to Mexico under guard, none of them having the least
idea as to their destination or their ultimate fate. Under the
watchful eye of 125 Mexican soldiers, the bedraggled cavalcade
got under way; some on foot, some on old mules, and some on
poor nags, since the Mexican officers and the guards confiscated
all the good horses for their own use. The sorry spectacle took
up the march at daybreak, Friday, September 16, 1842: a long
weary march that was to end at Perote Prison at three o'clock in
the afternoon of December 22, after ninety days of suffering,
hunger, desolation, hardship, privation, and starvation.
The Mier Expedition
The most ill-advised punitive expedition by the Texans was
that of the group numbering originally 760 men who determined
to attack and capture Mexico. This ill-fated expedition crossed the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945, periodical, 1945; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/m1/382/: accessed October 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.